Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/69143
標題: The Relationship Between R&D Investment and Firm Profitability Under a Three-Stage Sigmoid Curve Model: Evidence From an Emerging Economy
作者: Yang, K.P.
Chiao, Y.C.
Kuo, C.C.
關鍵字: Optimal level
performance
research and development (R&D)
sigmoid (S)
curve
threshold
product innovation
performance
technology
industry
growth
size
期刊/報告no:: Ieee Transactions on Engineering Management, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page(s) 103-117.
摘要: The relationship between investment in research and development (R&D) and firm performance has been the subject of numerous academic investigations, but the findings of these investigations have varied greatly, with research revealing a number of different patterns in the R&D-performance relationship. This inconsistency may be partly attributable to the failure of the commonly used linear modeling method to capture the full dynamics of the R&D-performance relationship. Based on the sigmoid (S) curve paradigm, as well as on other economic foundations, this study proposes the use of a three-stage S-curve model to help reconcile the disparities in the literature. This S-curve model shows that the relationship between R&D intensity and firm profitability is nonlinear, with the slope negative at low levels (stage 1), positive at medium levels (stage 2), and negative again at high levels of R&D investment (stage 3). Empirical evidence from a sample of 377 publicly listed Taiwanese high-tech manufacturing firms and 179 nonhigh-tech firms, examined during the period between 2000 and 2007, confirmed our proposed model. This study not only establishes a relationship pattern that differs from that shown in past studies, but also has important managerial implications for R&D managers and important policy implications for governments.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/69143
ISSN: 0018-9391
文章連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tem.2009.2023452
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