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標題: Synthesis and trans-ureation of N,N '-diphenyl-4, 4 '-methylenediphenylene biscarbamate with diamines: a non-isocyanate route (NIR) to polyureas
作者: Chen, H.Y.
Pan, W.C.
Lin, C.H.
Huang, C.Y.
Dai, S.A.
關鍵字: Non-isocyanate route
N,N '-diphenyl-4,4
'-methylenediphenylene biscarbamate
N,N '-dimethyl-4,4
'-methylenediphenylene biscarbamate
Diphenyl carbonate
ring-opening polymerization
segmented copoly(ether urea)s
uniform hard
cyclic esters
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Polymer Research, Volume 19, Issue 2.
摘要: A non-isocyanate route (NIR) of making polyureas of high molecular weight has been found through transureation of N,N'-diphenyl-4,4'-methylenediphenylene biscarbamate (4,4'-DP-MDC) with a variety of diamines and mixed diamines. The preparation of 4,4'-DP-MDC was achieved readily by carbonylation of 4,4'-methylenedianiline (4,4'-MDA) with diphenyl carbonate (DPC) using organic acids as catalysts. It was found that the highest yield (99%) of pure 4,4'-DP-MDC can be isolated in a toluene solution under mild conditions co-catalyzed by benzoic acid and tertiary amine. Trans-ureation of 4,4'-DP-MDC with aliphatic amines indicated that the process is a highly solvent dependent process and was found to be extremely facile in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 80 C and in tetramethylene sulfone (TMS) at 140 C in absence of any catalyst. Particularly, the most effective polymerization process was developed using tetramethylene sulfone (TMS) as the solvent under reduced pressure for concurrently distilling off phenol from the reaction mixture during the polymerization in a shifting equilibrium towards polyurea. However, this solvent-assisted transureation was found to be in-efficient when N, N'-dimethyl-4,4'- methylenediphenylene biscarbamate (4,4'-DM-MDC) was used in a similar condition for comparison. Thus, an efficient green-chemistry process has been developed based on 4,4'-DP-MDC in making urea prepolymers, urea elastomers and urea plastics all in excellent yields without using reactive methylenediphenylene diisocyanate (MDI) or any catalysts in the trans-ureation polymerizations.
ISSN: 1022-9760
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