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|標題:||The Dying Patriarchy: A Feminist Reading of Caryl Churchill''s Cloud Nine|
ABSTRACT This thesis is an attempt to interpret Caryl Churchill''s Cloud Nine in terms of re-cent feminist ideas. In traditional point of view, man is always the subject while woman is the object. Freud thinks that id and ego are the very constituents of our nature and it is necessary for woman to sacrifice herself to nourish her children. Kristeva accepts Freud''s theory and develops her own conception of the semiotic and the symbolic. In general, Freud's id and ego are similar to Kristeva''s semiotic and symbolic. Furthermore, the result of man's oppression on woman also brings out man''s monologue: man speaks to himself. Man remains in what Lacan calls "the mirror stage," only able to see his own reflection wherever he looks. However, the repressed never disappears. The repressed and what Kristeva terms "the abject," dark and obscure, eventually come back. Irigaray goes further to appropriate and, at the same time, deconstruct Lacan's and Freud's theories. She makes great efforts to awaken woman's consciousness. First of all, Irigaray probes into the ambivalent relationship between mother and daughter to enhance woman''s subjectivity. Next, with the help of Brecht's alienation-effect, woman may possess certain phallus and even become the phallus. Thirdly, woman may well appropriate man's language to reconstruct her own; furthermore, woman's body is her very language. Likewise, lesbianism and post-colonialism are also declarations to reassess the traditional patri-archy. This thesis consists of five chapters. Chapter One is an introduction. Chapter Two is a survey on some feminist concepts respectively discussed by Kristeva and Irigaray. Chapter Three focuses on the topics of role-playing, transvestitism in per-formance, and discussion on the two central characters of Cloud Nine, Betty and Clive. Ideas related to lesbianism and postcolonialism are discussed in Chapter Four: through analysis of several couples in the play, it is easy to see the dying patriarchy. Finally, Chapter Five, the conclusion, is a structural analysis of the two parts of the play.
|Appears in Collections:||外國語文學系所|
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