Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7088
標題: 反抗皇帝與上帝的權力:以傅科觀點解讀易卜生的《皇帝與加利利人》
Resistance against the Powers of Emperor and God: A Foucauldian Reading of Henrik Ibsen's Emperor and Galilean
作者: 朱育廷
Chu, Yu-Ting
關鍵字: Foucalt
傅科
Ibsen
Power
Emperor and Galilean
易卜生
權力
皇帝與加利利人
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Abel, Douglas. “Wisdom! Light! Beauty! A Thematic Analysis of Ibsen's Emperor and Galilean.” Modern Drama 43.1 (2000): 78-86. Arendt, Hannah. “Communicative Power.” Power. Ed. Steven Lukes. New York: New York UP, 1986. 59-74. Arestad, Sverre. “The Ibsen Hero.” Henrik Ibsen. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999. 115-32. Bentham, Jeremy. The Panopticon Writings. Ed. Miran Bozovic. London: Verso, 1995. ---. Bentham's Theory of Fictions. Ed. C. K. Ogden. London: Routledge: 2000. Bozovic, Miran. “An Utterly Dark Spot.” Introduction. The Panopticon Writings. Ed. Miran Bozovic. London: Verso, 1995. 1-27. Brown, Peter. Authority and the Sacred: Aspects of the Christianization of the Roman World. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. Butler, Judith. “Foucault and Paradox of Bodily Inscriptions.” The Journal of Philosophy 86.11 (1989): 601-7. Clegg, Steward. “Changing Concepts of Power, Changing Concepts of Politics.” Administrative Theory & Praxis 23 (2001): 126-50. ---. “Foucault, Power and Organization.” Foucault, Management and Organization Theory: From Panopticon to Technologies of Self. Ed. Alan McKinlay and Ken Starkey. London: Sage, 1998. 29-48. Clurman, Harold. Ibsen. Masters of World Lit. Ser. London: Macmillan Press, 1977. Cordner, Christopher. “Foucault and Ethical Universality.” Inquiry 47 (2004): 580-96. Dandeker, Christopher. Surveillance, Power and Modernity: Bureaucracy and Discipline from 1700 to the Present Day. Oxford: Polity, 1994. Dean, Mitchell. “Power of Life and Death beyond Governmentality.” Cultural Values 6 (2002): 119-38. Downs, Brian W. Ibsen: the Intellectual Background. New York: Octagon, 1978. Durbach, Errol. “Ibsen the Romantic”: Analogues of Paradise in the Later Plays. London: Macmillan Press, 1982. Egan, Michael, ed. Henrik Ibsen: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 1997. Esslin, Martin. “Ibsen and Modern Drama.” Ibsen and the Theatre: Essays in Celebration of the 150th Anniversary of Henrik Ibsen's Birth. Ed. Errol Durbach. London: Macmillan, 1980. 71-82. Ewbank, Inga-Stina. “Ibsen on the English Stage: ‘The Proof of the Pudding is in the Eating.'” Ibsen and the Theatre: Essays in Celebration of the 150th Anniversary of Henrik Ibsen's Birth. Ed. Errol Durbach. London: Macmillan, 1980. 27-48. Feeney, Denis. Literature and Religion at Rome: Cultures, Contexts, and Beliefs. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998. Ffrench Patrick. “A Different Life?: Barthes, Foucault and Every Life.” Cultural Studies (2004): 290-305. Fitzgerald, John L. “Hidden Populations and the Gaze of Power.” Journal of Drug 26.1 (1996): 5-21. Foucault, Michel. “About the Concept of the ‘Dangerous Individual.'” Trans. Robert Hurley. Power. Ed. James D. Faubion. New York: The New Press, 1997. 176-200. ---. “An Aesthetics of Existence.” Michel Foucault: Politics, Philosophy, Culture. Tran. Alan Sheridan. Ed. Lawrence D. Kritzman. New York: Routledge 1988. 47-53. ---. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of Prison. Tran. Alan Sheridan. New York: Vintage, 1979. ---. “Governmentality.” Trans. Robert Hurley. Power. Ed. James D. Faubion. New York: New Press, 1994. 201-22. ---. “Human Nature: Justice Versus Power.” Foucault and His Interlocutor. Ed. Arnold I. Davidson. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1997. 107-45. ---. “Interview with Michel Foucault.” Trans. Robert Hurley. Power. Ed. James D. Faubion. New York: The New Press, 2000. 239-297. ---. “Practicing Criticism.” Michel Foucault: Politics, Philosophy, Culture. Tran. Alan Sheridan. Ed. Lawrence D. Kritzman. New York: Routledge 1988. 152-6. ---. “Technologies of the Self.” Technologies of the Self: A seminar with Michel Foucault. Ed. Luther H. Martin, Huck Gutman and Patrick H. Hutton. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1988. 16-49. ---. The Care of the Self: Volume 3 of the History of Sexuality. Trans. Robert Hurley. 3 vols. New York: Vintage Books, 1986. ---. “The Ethic of Care for the Self as Practice of Freedom.” Trans. J. D. Gauthier. The Final Foucault. Ed. James Bernauer and David Rasmussen. London: MIT Press, 1988. 1-20. ---. The History of Sexuality, vol. 1, An Introduction. Trans. Robert Hurley. 3 vols. New York: Vintage Books, 1978. ---. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Vintage, 1970. ---. “The Return of Morality.” Michel Foucault: Politics, Philosophy, Culture. Tran. Alan Sheridan. Ed. Lawrence D. Kritzman. New York: Routledge, 1988. 242-54. ---. “The Subject and Power.” Trans. Robert Hurley. Power. Ed. James D. Faubion. New York: The New Press, 2000. 326-64. ---. The Use of Pleasure: Volume 2 of the History of Sexuality. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage Books, 1985. ---. “Truth and Juridical Forms.” Trans. Robert Hurley. Power. Ed. James D. Faubion. New York: The New Press, 2000. 1-89. Galbraith, John Kenneth. “Power and Organization.” Power. Ed. Steven Lukes. New York: New York UP, 1986. 211-28. Gaskell, Ronald. Drama and Reality: The European Theatre since Ibsen. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1972. Giddens, Anthony. The Nation-State and Violence. Oxford: Polity Press, 1985. Goldman, Alvin I. “Toward a Theory of Social Power.” Power. Ed. Steven Lukes. New York: New York UP, 1986. 156-202. Gordon, Neve. “Foucault's Subject: An Ontological Reading.” Polity 31.3 (1999): 395-414. Gruber, David F. “Foucault's Critique of the Liberal Individual.” The Journal of Philosophy 86.11 (1989): 615-21. Guidi, Marco E. L. “‘My Own Utopia.' The Economics of Bentham's Panopticon.” History of Economic Thought 11.3 (2004) 405-31. Harrison, Ross. Bentham. London: Routledge, 1983. Heller, Kevin Jon. “Power, Subjectification and Resistance in Foucault.” SubStance (1996): 78-110. Hemmer, Bjørn. “Ibsen and Historical Drama.” The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Ed. James McFarlane. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994. 12-27. Henderson, Amanda. “Power and Knowledge in Nursing Practice: The Contribution of Foucault.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 20 (1994): 935-9. Hofmeyr, Benda. “The Power Not to Be (What We Are): The Politics and Ethics of Self-creation in Foucault.” Journal of Moral Philosophy 3.2 (2006): 215-30. Holmes, D. “From Iron Gaze to Nursing Care: Mental Health Nursing in the Era of Panopticism.” Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 8 (2001): 7-15. Holtan, Orley I. Mythic Patterns in Ibsen's Last Plays. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1970. Hopper, Trevor, and Norman Macintosh. “Management Accounting Numbers: Freedom or Prison - Geneen versus Foucault.” Foucault, Management and Organization Theory: From Panopticon to Technologies of Self. Ed. Alan McKinlay and Ken Starkey. London: Sage, 1998. 126-150. Houle, Karen. “The Manifolds of Violences.” Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 21 (2006): 184-95. Ibsen, Henrik. Emperor and Galilean. The Oxford Ibsen. Ed. and trans. James Walter McFarlane and Graham Orton. Vol. 4. London: Oxford UP, 1963. 195-459. Johnston, Brian. Text and Supertext in Ibsen's Drama. London: Pennsylvania State UP, 1989. ---. “The Dangerous Seduction of the Past: Ibsen's Counter-Discourse to Modernity.” Modernism in European Drama: Ibsen, Strindberg, Pirandello, Beckett. Ed. Fredrick J. Marker and Christopher Innes. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1998. 3-17. ---. The Ibsen Cycle: The Design of the Plays from Pillars of Society to When We Dead Awaken. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State UP, 1992. Lenski, Gerhard. “Power and Privilege.” Power. Ed. Steven Lukes. New York: New York UP, 1986. 243-52. Lenta, Patrick. “The Purposes of Torture.” South African Journal of Philosophy 25.1 (2006): 48-61. Lippert, Randy. “Sanctuary Practices, Rationalities, and Sovereignties.” Alternatives 29 (2004): 535-55. Love, Nancy S. “Foucault & Habermas on Discourse & Democracy.” Polity 22.2 (1989): 289-90. Lukes, Steven. Introduction. Power. Ed. Steven Lukes. New York: New York UP, 1986. 1-18. May, Keith M. Ibsen and Shaw. London: Macmillan, 1985. McFarlane, James Walter. Introduction. The Oxford Ibsen. Ed. and trans. James Walter McFarlane and Graham Orton. 8 vols. London: Oxford UP, 1963. 1-17. McKinlay, Alan, and Ken Starkey. “Managing Foucault: Foucault, Management and Organization Theory.” Foucault, Management and Organization Theory: From Panopticon to Technologies of Self. Ed. Alan McKinlay and Ken Starkey. London: Sage, 1998. 1-13. McKinlay, Alan, and Phil Taylor. “Through the Looking Glass: Foucault and the Politics of Production.” Foucault, Management and Organization Theory: From Panopticon to Technologies of Self. Ed. Alan McKinlay and Ken Starkey. London: Sage, 1998. 173-190. Mills, Catherine. “Contesting the Political: Butler and Foucault on Power and Resistance.” The Journal of Political Philosophy 11.3 (2003): 253-72. Minson, Jeffery. Genealogy of Morals: Nietzsche, Foucault, Donzelot and the Eccentricity of Ethics. New York: Macmillan, 1985. Mommsen, Theodor. A History of Rome under the Emperors. Trans. Clare Krojzl. London: Routledge, 1996. Montage, Warren. “‘The Soul is the Prison of the Body': Althusser and Foucault, 1970-75.” Yale French Studies 88 (1995): 53-77. Neal, Andrew W. “Cutting off the King's Head: Foucault's Society Must be Defended and the Problem of Sovereignty.” Alternatives 29 (2004): 373-98. Ojakangas, Mika. “Sovereign and Plebs: Michel Foucault Meets Carl Schmitt.” Telos 3 (2001): 32-41. O'Neill, John. “The Disciplinary Society: From Weber to Foucault.” The British Journal of Society 37.1 (1986): 42-60. Pickett, Brent L. “Foucault and the Politics of Resistance.” Polity 28.4 (1996): 445-66. Pryce, Anthony. “Frequent Observation: Sexualities, Self-surveillance, Confession and the Construction of active patient.” Nursing Inquiry 7 (2000): 103-111. Ransom, John S. Foucault's Discipline: The Politics of Subjectivity. Durham: Duke UP, 1997. Ray, Catherine. Introduction. Emperor and Galilean. By Henrik Ibsen. Trans, Catherine Ray. London: Samuel Tinsley, 1876. Henrik Ibsen: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Michael Egan. London: Routledge, 1997. 51-4. Reid, Julian. “War, Liberalism, and Modernity: The Biopolitical Provocation of ‘Empire.'” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 17 (2004): 63-79. Semple, Janet. Bentham's Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary. Oxford: Clarendon, 1993. Shaw, Bernard. The Quintessence of Ibsenism. Shaw and Ibsen: Bernard Shaw's The Quintessence of Ibsenism and Related Writings. Ed. J. L. Wisenthal. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1979. 97-238. Simmel, Georg. “Domination and Freedom.” Power. Ed. Steven Lukes. New York: New York UP, 1986. 203-10. Spierenburg, Pieter. “Punishment, Power, and History: Foucault and Elias.” Social Science History 28.4 (2004): 607-36. Strub, Harry. “The Theory of Panoptical Control: Panopticon and Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.” The Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences 25 (1989): 40-59. Svendsen, Paulus. “Emperor and Galilean.” Ibsen: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Rolf Fjelde. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1965. 80-90 Taylor, Charles. “Foucault on Freedom and Truth.” Political Theory 12.2 (1984): 152-83. Templeton, Joan. Ibsen's Women. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Thomas, David. Henrik Ibsen. London: Macmillan Press, 1983. Weigand, Hermann J. The Modern Ibsen: A Reconsideration. 1953. Salem: Ayer, 1984. Wendt, Ronald F. “Answers to the Gaze: A genealogical Poaching of Resistances.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 82 (1996): 251-73. Wisenthal, J. L. Introduction. Shaw and Ibsen: Bernard Shaw's The Quintessence of Ibsenism and Related Writings. Ed. J. L. Wisenthal. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1979. 3-74. Zimmerman, Andrew. “Legislating Being: The Spectacle of Words and Things in Bentham's Panopticon.” The European Legacy 3 (1998): 72-83.
摘要: 《皇帝與加利利人》是一部易卜生自詡為個人傑作的作品,而其主要的寫作意圖是以戲劇的形式表達作者個人關於世界歷史演進的哲學思想。因此,劇本角色所面對的難題往往被視為在歷史上任何世代均具有普遍性的意涵。然而,儘管本劇主要處理的問題是宇宙性且形而上的,其故事背景卻設定在一個具體且被詳細描述的社會環境。所以,以社會學而非形上學的觀點去解讀角色的行動和生活是可行的。而對此劇本作社會學觀點的閱讀,傅科對於權力與主體所提出的觀念及分析將會給予我門極大的幫助。根據傅科對圓形監獄的分析,我們將可以看出朱利安的心理狀態、行為模式及主體性是如何被皇室與教會所共同建立的監控網絡所建構。換言之,與其被視為是世界意志運作及其所衍生之全面式決定論的犧牲者,朱利安可被看成是特定權力模式與社會動力的產物。而他的叛教亦可被解讀成對於特定社會中霸權主體形式的反抗。根據此一觀點,朱利安對於自我實現的追求意味著一種針對社會中支配性權力之建構作用而所做的刻意且相對成功的自我轉化,而非一個在全面且無可抵抗的宰制力量下所做的追求真實自我的無益嘗試。因此,從傅科的觀點來閱讀,我們將可以對朱利安的悲劇有一個較樂觀的看法。
Emperor and Galilean is a self-declared masterpiece by Ibsen which is intended to dramatize his philosophical ideas about the progress of world history. Therefore, the dilemma which the characters face in the play is supposed to have universal significance for each generation in the world. However, even if the play is intended to manage something universal and metaphysical, the background of it is set in a concrete social context which is painstakingly pictured. Therefore, it is possible to see the characters' actions and life from a perspective which is sociological rather than metaphysical. To undertake such a sociological reading of the play, Foucault's concepts of power and subject are helpful. According to Foucault's analysis of panopticism, we can see how Julian's mentality, behavior pattern and subjectivities are constituted by the surveillance network constructed by the imperial court in collaboration with the Church. In other words, Julian can be seen as a product of specific form of power and social forces rather than the victim of the world-will which suggests a form of determinism of universal scale. Therefore, his apostasy can be viewed as a resistance more against the hegemonic form of subjectivities in a given society than against certain absolute forces in the universe. According to this, instead of a futile attempt to realize one's true self under the predetermining influence of something universal and irresistible, Julian's pursuit of self-realization implies a deliberate and relatively successful self-transformation by an individual against the constitutive effect of dominant powers in a society. Thus, seeing from a Foucauldian perspective, we can have a more optimistic view of the tragedy of Julian's life and apostasy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7088
其他識別: U0005-0612200702020200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0612200702020200
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.