Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7113
標題: 遭逢不可能的歷史:石黑一雄之《長日將盡》與《我輩孤雛》的創傷論述
Encountering the Impossible History: Trauma Narrative in Kazuo Ishiguro's The Remains of the Day and When We Were Orphans
作者: 李恬毓
Lee, Tien-Yu
關鍵字: trauma
創傷
trauma narrative
the impossible history
subjectivity
abject/abjection
the unreliable narrator
創傷論述
不可能的歷史
主體
賤斥
不可靠敘述者
出版社: 外國語文學系所
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摘要: 石黑一雄的《長日將盡》與《我輩孤雛》分別描寫了故事主角在創傷事件後不間斷但卻也不斷延宕的對於曾經完整的自我的追尋,而這個追尋在兩本小說裡最後都宣告失敗。藉由敘述及書寫創傷記憶以重拾失去的主體是一個不間斷也不容許間斷的任務,因為生存的第一要素建立在維護主體的完整上。但是,重返本身是不可能完成的,因為創傷本身因其自外於主體意識的本質在一開始便與以理性和邏輯為主導的語言工具互相衝突。加之,創傷後主體對過去的矛盾情感—過去是嚮往但也同時是創傷的來源—使得重返一途荊棘遍野。本論文主旨在探討石黑一雄的兩本小說中創傷論述者的困境, 意即史蒂芬斯和克力斯多夫如何在不可能完整記憶過去的前提下重新書寫並重新定義自我。從創傷乃外於人類歷史的事件的定義出發,本論文嘗試縫合這兩者並藉此重讀創傷的不可能性,也凸顯其不可能性並非內在於創傷事件而是內含在人類主體與社會之中。因此,創傷論述不再是單純的、重複的經驗傳承(passing on)而是一個持續的求生過程: 一個藉由不斷的協商和妥協乃至於接受創傷後的主體為其唯一主體的旅程。
Kazuo Ishiguro's The Remains of the Day and When We Were Orphans delineate the protagonists' insistent and belated quest for the lost self and the impossibility of the retrieval after the traumatic event. The return to the past via speech or writing in order to regain the once complete self is an unrelenting task, for the survival of the trauma narrator is based on the integrity of his or her subjectivity. However, the return is at the same time impossible for at the first encounter--is in conflict with the rational and logical means of language. Besides, when the past serves as the site of both nostalgia and trauma, the return itself becomes ambivalent and even hazardous for the traumatized. This thesis aims to explore the dilemma of the trauma narrators in Ishiguro's two novels, and to study how Stevens and Christopher cope with trauma and relocate their selves via narrative even though a coherent and cohesive remembrance of the past is rendered unattainable from the very beginning. Rather than treating trauma as an event outside human history, this thesis attempts to suture the gap between trauma and history and to reread the impossibility of trauma as a painful but necessary component of human subjectivity and society. Therefore, the narrative is no longer a repeated act of the passing on of trauma, but an ongoing journey of survival by way of constantly negotiating and compromising with the traumatized identity as the one and only self that the subject can retrieve in his post-traumatic life.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7113
其他識別: U0005-1807200710183500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1807200710183500
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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