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標題: 空間、死亡與身體:巴拉德《超速性追緝》與《混凝土島》中科技中介的主體
Space, Death, and Body: Technologically Mediated Subject in J.G. Ballard's Crash and Concrete Island
作者: 張敏慧
Jang, Min-Huei
關鍵字: postmodernism
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Works Cited Armstrong, Tim. Modernism, Technology, and the Body: A Cultural Study. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998. Arthurs, Jane, and Iain Grant, ed. “Introduction.” Crash Cultures: Modernity, Mediation and the Material. Bristol: Intellect, 2003. 1-13. Bakhtin, M. Mikhail. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky. USA: Indiana UP, 1984. Ballard, J. G. Crash. New York: St. Martin’s, 1973. - - -. Concrete Island. New York: St. Martin’s, 1973. - - -. The Atrocity Exhibition. San Francisco: Re/Search, 1990. Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Trans. Sheila Faria Glaser. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1994. - - -. Symbolic Exchange and Death. Trans. Iain Hamiltion Grant. London: SAGE, 1993. - - -. “The Ecstasy of Communication.” Trans. John Johnston. The Anti-Aesthetics: Essays on Postmodern Culture. Ed. Hal Foster. New York: New, 1983. 126-34. Best, Steven, and Douglas Kellner. Postmodern Theory: Critical Interrogations. New York: Guilford P, 1991. Blum, Virginia L. Flesh Wounds: The Culture of Cosmetic Surgery. Berkeley: U of California P, 2003. Botting, Rred, and Scott Wilson. “Sexcrash.” Crash Cultures: Modernity, Mediation and the Material. Ed. Jane Arthurs and Iain Grant. Bristol: Intellect, 2003. 79-88. NetLibrary. 15 Nov. 2006. Keyword: crash. Broderick, Damien. Transrealist Fiction: Writing in the Slipstream of Science. London: Greenwood, 2000. Brottman, Mikita, and Christopher Sharrett. “The End of the Road: David Cronenberg''s Crash and the Fading of the West.” 25 Jan. 2007 <>. Bukatman, Scott. Terminal Identity. Durham: Duke UP, 1993. Butterfield, Bradley. “Ethical Value and Negative Aesthetics: Reconsidering the Baudrillard-Ballard Connection.” PMLA 114 (1999): 64-77. Calinescu, Matei. Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsh, Postmdoernism. Durham: Duke UP, 1987. Doy, Gen. Picturing the Self: Changing Views of the Subject in Visual Culture. London: I.B. Tauris, 2005. Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell, 1983. Emery, Robert J. The Directors: Take Four. New York: Allworth, 2003. Featherstone, Mike. Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. London: SAGE, 1991. Gallardo-Torrano, Pere. “From Mindscapes to Landscapes: J.G. Ballard’s Self-sought Utopia in Concrete Island.” Spaces of Utopia: An Electronic Journal 2 (Summer 2006). 1-13. 20 Feb. 2007 < >. Grimshaw, Jean. “The Iconic Body and the Crash.” Crash Cultures: Modernity, Mediation and the Material. Ed. Jane Arthurs and Iain Grant. Bristol: Intellect, 2003. 143-52. NetLibrary. 15 Nov. 2006. Keyword: crash. Haraway, Donna. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century.” Simians, Cyborgs and Woman: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991. 149-81. 11 Sept. 2002 < CyborgManifesto.html>. Hardin, Michael. “Postmodernism’s Desire for Simulated Death: Andy Warhol’s Car Crashes, J.G. Ballard’s Crash, and Don Delillo’s White Noise.” Literature Interpretation Theroy 13 (2002):21-50. Hulsman, John. “Optional Death in the Postmodern Narrative.” 1 Apr. 2006 <>. Jameson, Fredric. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke UP, 1992. Landon, Brooks. Science Fiction after 1900: From the Steam Man to the Stars. New York: Twayne, 1997. McRoy, Jay. “Wounds of Opportunity: J.G. Ballard’s Crash.” Online posting. 1 May 2002. M/C Reviews. 14 Jun. 2006 <>. Michele, Aaron. The Body’s Perilous Pleasures: Dangerous Desires and Contemporary Culture. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1999. NetLibrary. 29 Oct. 2006. Keyword: body. Poster, Mark, ed. Jean Baudrillard: Selected Writings. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1988. Rice, Philip, and Patricia Waugh, ed. Modern Literary Theory. London: Arnold, 2001. Roden, David. “Cyborgian Subjects and the Auto-Destruction of Metaphor.” Crash Cultures: Modernity, Mediation and the Material. Ed. Jane Arthurs and Iain Grant. Bristol: Intellect, 2003. 91-102. NetLibrary. 15 Nov. 2006. Keyword: crash. Ruddick, Nicholas. “Ballard/Crash/Baudrillard.” Science Fiction Studies 19.3 (1992). 1 Apr. 2006 < ruddick58art.htm>. - - -. Ultimate Island: On the Nature of British Science Fiction. Westport: Greenwood, 1993. Sey, James. “Psychopathology, Inner Space and the Automotive Death Drive: J.G. Ballard.” South African Journal of Psychology 32 (2002): 55-60. Smith, Matt. “The Work of Emotion: Ballard and the Death of Affect.” 14 Feb. 2007 < >. Sobchack, Vivian. “Baudrillard’s Obscenity.” Science Fiction Studies 18 (1991). 7 May 2005 <>. Spinrad, Norman. Science Fiction in the Real World. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1990. Stephenson, Gregory. Out of the Night and Into the Dream: A Thematic Study of the Fiction of J.G. Ballard. New York: Greenwood, 1991. Vale, V. J.G. Ballard. San Francisco: Re/Search, 1984. Wolmark, Jenny. Aliens and Others: Science Fiction, Feminism and Postmodernism. Iowa: U of Iowa P, 1994. Youngquist, Paul. “Ballard''s Crash-Body.” Postmodern Culture: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism 11.1 (2000). 1 Apr. 2006 <>. Zheng, Cheng-tai. 《科技、理性與自由:現代及後現代狀況》 (Technology, Rationality, and Freedom: Modern and Postmodern Conditions). 台北: 桂冠, 2000.
摘要: 此篇論文主要探討在科技文化中主體的形成、被中介及其反抗的可能。英國作家巴拉德(J.G. Ballard)在小說《超速性追緝》與《混凝土島》中透過被科技中介的主體來呈現周遭世界和此主體可能的反抗。本文主張在日益發達的現代科技中,主體被中介已無可避免。科技深深地影響著主體的形成。在這樣的狀況下,透過身體與科技世界的連結,現代景觀下的中介得以被顯露,而影像再製與身體符號所談及的中介得以被討論。本文主要分成三章。第一章指出科技中介的主體是一個後現代的主體,因為它不會是完成的主體。拉岡(Lacan)所探討語言中主體的形成以及詹明信(Jameson)現代與後現代主體的觀點,引領此章在主體空間延伸上的討論。第二章闡述撞車形成新主體的可能性。布希亞(Baudrillard)所聲稱的擬像世界展現了一個超現實的世界及主體的消失。面對如此超現實世界的方法就是擁抱撞車的形式。第三章說明此新主體是包含身體及科技的人機複合體。透過巴赫汀(Bakhtin)對怪異身體(grotesque body)的探討,本文將巴拉德所呈現的身體視為反抗的可能。人機複合體所代表的不只是身體與科技的親密關係,也是面對科技世界時,主體擁有的價值。
This thesis explores the themes of subject formation, mediation, and resistance in the technological culture. British writer J.G. Ballard in his novel Crash and Concrete Island features a technologically-mediated subject to present the modern world and also to show its possible reaction. The thesis argues that technological mediation is inevitable because of the daily advancement of technology. Technology deeply affects the subject formation. Under the circumstances, the subject links to the technological world to reveal the mediation in the construction of the modern landscape, the reproduction of images and the markings of scars and signs on the body. The thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter points out that the technologically-mediated subject is a postmodern one because it is never completed. With the aid of Lacan's theory of the subject formation in language and Jameson's viewpoints on modern and postmodern subjects, I discuss spatial extensions of the subject. The second chapter elaborates that a car crash is a possible way to engender possibilities of forming a new subject. Baudrillard's simulation explains why the world becomes hyperreal and why there is no subject in this simulated world. To embrace the crash form may help respond to the hyperreal world. In chapter three, I aim to indicate that the cyborgian subject is the new subject, which conjoins the body with technology, in the technological world. Follow Bakhtin's discussions on grotesque bodies, the thesis treats the body as the site to resist. The cyborgian subject suggests not only the intimate relationship between the body and technology but its value to face the world.
其他識別: U0005-0906200813373700
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所



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