Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/71559
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dc.contributor.authorHung, S.W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTu, C.Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, W.S.en_US
dc.date2007zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-11T06:01:56Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-11T06:01:56Z-
dc.identifier.issn0165-2427zh_TW
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/71559-
dc.description.abstractMacrophage function is an important factor for resistance to infection and anti-oxidative vitamins and minerals can affect how macrophages function in fish. We report the in vivo effect of adding singular or combined vitamins (A, C, and E) and/or minerals (Se, Zn, Cu, Mn, and Fe) in diets on the immune system of tilapia (Oreochromis hybrids) peripheral blood monocyte-derived, anterior kidney-derived, and spleen-derived macrophages. An optimal dose of vitamins and/or minerals in diets increased macrophage proliferation and protective activity, maintained macrophage viability, increased body weight and length, and increased lysozyme activity, however, at improper doses and combinations of vitamins or minerals a decrease was observed. Furthermore, vitamins and/or minerals at any doses and combinations in diets decreased superoxide and nitric oxide production. Therefore, appropriate doses and combinations of vitamins and/or minerals in diets may increase tilapia macrophages immunity. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.relationVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Volume 115, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 87-99.en_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2006.09.004en_US
dc.subjectdieten_US
dc.subjectin vivoen_US
dc.subjectmacrophageen_US
dc.subjectmineralsen_US
dc.subjecttilapiaen_US
dc.subjectvitaminsen_US
dc.subjectsparus-aurata l.en_US
dc.subjectsalmo-salar len_US
dc.subjectrainbow-trouten_US
dc.subjectdisease resistanceen_US
dc.subjectphagocytic-cellsen_US
dc.subjectalpha-tocopherolen_US
dc.subjectsuperoxide anionen_US
dc.subjectvitro additionen_US
dc.subjectstriped bassen_US
dc.subjectresponsesen_US
dc.titleIn vivo effects of adding singular or combined anti-oxidative vitamins and/or minerals to diets on the immune system of tilapia (Oreochromis hybrids) peripheral blood monocyte-derived, anterior kidney-derived, and spleen-derived macrophagesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articlezh_TW
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.vetimm.2006.09.004zh_TW
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