Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7167
標題: 受壓抑者的反論述:E. M. 佛斯特的《墨利斯的情人》之研究
The Counter-Discourse of the Repressed: On E. M. Forster's Maurice
作者: 洪綾霙
Hung, Ling-ying
關鍵字: Maurice
墨利斯的情人
E. M. Forster
discourse
abjection
the homosexual
佛斯特
論述
賤斥
同性戀
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Works Cited Baret-DuCrocq, Francoise. Trans. John Howe. Love in the Victoria. New York: Verso. 1991. Bray, Alan. Homosexuality in Renaissance England. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. Bolling, Douglass. “The Distanced Heart: Artistry in E. M. Forster's Maurice.” Modern Fiction Studies 20:2 (1974): 157-63. POA. 20 Feb, 2009. <http://pao.chadwyck.co.uk.ezproxy.lib.nchu.edu.tw:2048/home.do/search>. Cavaliero, Glen. “Maurice and the Later Stories.” A Reading of E. M. Forster. London: Macmillan Press, 1979. 129-45. Colmer, John. E. M. Forster: The Personal Voice. London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1975. Cohen, Ed. “Are We (Not) What We Are Becoming? ‘Gay' ‘Identity,' ‘Gay Studies' and the Disciplining of Knowledge.” Engendering Men: The Question of Male Feminist Criticism. Ed. Joseph A. Boone and Michael Cadden. New York: Routledge, 1990. 161-75. Dowling, Linda. Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford. Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1994. 1-31. Fletcher, John. “Forster's Self-erasure: Maurice and the Secret of Masculine Love.” Ed. Joseph Bristow. Sexual Sameness: Textual Difference in Lesbian and Gay Writing. NY: Routledge, 1992. 64-90. Forster, E. M. Maurice. London: Penguin, 2002. Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality: An Introduction, Volume I. 1976. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage, 1990. - - -. The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. 1972. Trans. A. M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon, 1982. Freud, Sigmund. “Prevention of Inversion.” The Essentials of Psycho-analysis. London: Penguin, 1986. Greenberg, David F. and Marcia H. Bystryn. “Capitalism, Bureaucracy, and Male Homosexuality.” Ed. Steven Seidman. Queer Theory/ Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 1996. 83-110. Hammond, Paul. Love Between Men in English Literature. London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1996. Harned, Jon. “Becoming Gay in E. M. Forster''s Maurice.” Papers on Language and Literature 29 (1993): 49-66. EBSCOHOST. 30 Mar, 2009. <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mzh&AN=1993066419&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live>. Halperin, M. David. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. New York: Routledge, 1990. Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horrow: An Essay on Abjection. NY: Columbia University Press, 1982. King, Francis. E.M. Forster. London: Thames & Hudson, 1978. Kuefler Mathew. The Boswell Thesis:Essays on Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality. Chicago: UP of Chicago, 2006. Martin, Pobert K. and George Piggford. Queer Forster. Chiago: The University of Chicago Press, 1997. 1-28. Martin, John Sayre. E. M. Forster: The Endless Journey. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977. 128-42. Page, Norman. “Minor Fiction: Maurice and the Short Stories.” E. M. Forster. London: Macmillian, 1987. 117-24. Robb, Graham. Strangers: Homosexual Love in the Nineteenth Century. NY: W. W. Norton & Company Inc, 2004. Reeds, John R. “The Public School in Victorian Literature.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 29 (1974): 58-76. JSTOR. 6 Mar., 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/search> Stephen, Da Silva. “Transvaluing Immaturity: Reverse Discourses of Male Homosexuality in E. M. Forster's Posthumously Published Fiction.” 30 Mar., 2009. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2220/is_n2_v40/ai_20992277/pg_16 Shusterman, David. The Quest for Certitude in E. M. Forster's Fiction. NY: Haskell House, 1973. The New English Bible. NY: Oxford University Press, 1972.
摘要: 在《墨利斯的情人》中,佛斯特突顯出在晚期維多利亞時代以及早期英國現代社會中,同性戀作為一個被壓迫的論述的角色。相反地,異性戀則是由意識形態所安排的主宰論述。因此,社會竭力逐出持異議者的同性慾望,以便肯定異性戀人的位置。然而,這樣的驅逐動作從來沒有成功。從茱利亞‧克莉絲蒂娃(J. Kristeva)的觀點來看,這個所謂的合法社會總是下意識的需要一個賤斥體來肯定自己的所在位置。依此類推,同性戀者於是體悟到同性戀是一種賤斥的運作。也就是在這樣的情況之下,佛斯特訴諸於小說《墨利斯的情人》來突顯同性戀者所屬的兩難地位,並以它作為媒介來陳述他長久以來被壓抑的同性情慾。小說在佛斯特死後出版,並且成為當代社會的一種干擾素。簡言之,《墨利斯的情人》之所以成為賤斥體是歸結於它所描述的是一個被禁令的題材;然而身為佛斯特替身的主角墨利斯,最終在小說中找到他的屬於真愛。雖然這種虛構的和平只可能在藝術作品中出現,《墨利斯的情人》卻成為一個時代的提醒者:一個對同性戀懼怕而使得佛斯特、墨利斯,以及其他許多人遭受無法以言語表達的、不能公開的「不合法」情慾的時代。此外,傅科的權利與論述觀點也包含在小說裡頭。小說中,佛斯特呈現同性戀為一種禁忌卻又同時捍衛著它。因此,在這篇論文中,我借用克莉絲蒂娃的賤斥的概念以及傅科的權利與論述觀點來闡明維多利亞社會對於「同性懼怕」是如何將之內化與自然化,藉此主張佛斯特及墨利斯透過被賤斥的力量呈現出他們一貫且不斷的努力來捍衛自己。
In Maurice, E. M. Forster highlights homosexuality as an oppressed discourse in the context of the late Victorian and early modern English society. In contrast, heterosexuality was the prevalent and dominant discourse that ideologically positioned people in place. The society, therefore, endeavored to drive out the dissenter's same-sex desire so as to constantly affirm the heterosexual's position. However, the dispelling has never been successful in that the legitimate scoiety always unconsciously needs an abject, to borrow Julia Kristeva's term, to remind itself of the position it is at. Analogically, homosexuality was the abjection in the awareness of the homosexual. And it is in this situation that Forster appealed to the writing of Maurice to both pinpoint the liminal position at which the homosexual occupied and use this novel as an intermediary to articulate his long-term repressed homoeroticism. The novel became an irritant to the contemporary society as it was published posthumously. In short, Maurice was an abject due to the forbidden topic, in which, Maurice, the mouthpiece of Forster, has finally found his psoition with his lover. Although this imaginary peacefulness was possible in the work of art, Maurice has remained Forster's reminder of a time when homophobia had made him and the protagonist and many others suffer unspeakably from their private “illegitimate” desire. Apparently, Foucault's idea of power is involved. In Maurice, Forster approaches homosexuality as a taboo, and defends it at the same time. Therefore, in this thesis, I will use Julia Kristeva's well-known idea of abjection and Michael Foucault's notion of power and discourse to shed light on the Victorian society's internalization and naturalization of expelling the homosexual, and to argue that in Maurice, the protagonist Maurice, and Forster have made their abjection power visibly acceptable through invariable efforts.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7167
其他識別: U0005-0612200910503900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0612200910503900
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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