Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/81581
標題: 不同溫度處理對分蔥鱗莖失重與萌芽之影響
Influence of Different Temperatures on Weight Loss and Sprouting of Shallot (Allium cepa L. Aggregatum group) Bulbs
作者: 郭濰如
Wei-Ru Kuo
宋妤
張武男
Yu Sung
Woo-Nang Chang
關鍵字: Shallot
分蔥
Bulb
Low temperature treatment
Percentage of weight loss
Sprouting
鱗莖
低溫處理
失重率
萌芽
摘要: 分蔥'佳里'、'學甲'及'菲律賓'三品種鱗莖,在採收一個月後開始以5、10及15℃處理,並以25℃為對照組。三品重之失重率隨處理週數之增加而增加,除第一週外,品種間有極顯著之差異,以'菲律賓'失重率為最高,'佳里'居次,'學甲'失重率最小,至第八週時,分別為27.2%、24.7%及21.7%。在鱗莖大小上,小球之失重率顯著比大球大。隨處理溫度之增加失重率隨之提高,其間有極顯著差異。處理溫度對萌芽率之影響,以10℃>5℃>15℃>25℃,至第八週時萌芽率分別為29.2%、27.8%、16.7%及1.39%。品種間有極顯著差異,以'菲律賓'最高,'佳里'次之,'學甲'最少,至第八週時分別為31.8%、18.8%及5.73%。鱗莖大小對萌芽率則無影響。
The 'Chia-Li' 、'Shwei-Chia' and 'Philippine' three shallot cultivars were used to study the effects of low temperatures on weight loss and spruoting bulbs. They were treated in 5 ℃、10 ℃、15 ℃ and 25 ℃for 8 weeks after harvest 1 month. The weight loss of bulbs continuously increased during the period of treatment. As the treated temperatures increased, the weight of bulbs loss were increased. The weight loss fron\m bulbs were significantly different among the varieties except the 1st week. 'Philippine' , 'Chia-Li' and 'Shwei-Chia'had 27.2%, 24.7%, and 21.7% weight loss, respectively, in the 8th week. The weight loss in small bulbs were significantly more than those in the large bulbs during the period of the treatment. The percentage of sprouting of shallot bulbs among varieties were extremely significantly different. The value was 31.8% in 'Philippine', 18.8% in 'Chia-Li', and 5.73% in 'Shwei-Chia' in the 8th week during the period of treatment. The percentage of sprouting between the large bulbs and the small bulbs had no different. The highest percentage of sprouting was 29.2% in 10 ℃, taen 27.8% in 5 ℃, 16.7% in 15 ℃ and 1.39% in 25℃ in the 8th week.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/81581
ISSN: 0255-5921
Appears in Collections:第23卷 第02期
園藝學系

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