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Influence of Vertical Culture Model on Plant Growth and Yield of Tomato cv. 'TAOYUAN AVRDC No.9' (Lcopersicon esculentum Mill.)
photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD)
Five-week-old seedlings of tomato cv. TAOYUAN ACRDC No.9 were planted in plastic tanks filled with peat moss in vertical culture. The results showed that the two-layer culture in treatment A of arching down on top layer and upright growth on bottom layer had the highest yield, but treatment B of both layers arching down growth had the lowest yield. Treatment A had the highest marketable yield but not significantly different from the control of one layer traditional upright planting (treatment E). However, treatment A and three layer arching down plant (treatment C) had significantly higher early yield than the control. The fresh weight of the leaf and of the stem per plant in control were 476 g and 265 g, respectively, which were significantly higher than other treatments. The Control.plant also more flowers and fruits in the first to the third inflorescence.
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