請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88905
標題: Stevenson's Pacific Journey—Narrating Fantasy and Imperialism in Island Nights' Entertainments
史蒂文生的太平洋之旅- 論《海島之夜娛樂記》中的奇幻與帝國主義
作者: Chieh-Ying Kao
高潔盈
關鍵字: 史蒂文生
帝國主義
奇幻
旅行書寫
再現
Travel
Travel Writing
Imperialism
Robert Louis Stevenson
South Seas
Representation
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The Journal of Pacific Studies. 26.1(2004): 1-28. SSED. Web. 22. Jan. 2013. Ireland, Brian. The US Military in Hawai''i: Colonialism, Memory, and Resistance. Houndsmill, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print. 'James Cook.' Encyclopedia of World Biography. N.p., 2004. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. Jolly, Roslyn. 'PIRACY, SLAVERY, AND THE IMAGINATION OF EMPIRE IN STEVENSON''s PACIFIC FICTION.' Victorian Literature and Culture 35.01 (2007): 157-73. Print. ---. 'South Sea Gothic: Pierre Loti and Robert Louis Stevenson. 'English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 47.1 (2004): 28-49. Print. ---. Robert Louis Stevenson in the Pacific: Travel, Empire, and the Author''s Profession. Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2009. Print. Killeen, Jarlath. History of the Gothic Literature, 1825-1914. England: University of Wales Press. 2009. Print. Latour, Bruno, and Steve Woolgar. Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1986. Print. Linehan, Katherine Bailey. 'Taking Up With Kanakas: Stevenson''s Complex Social Criticism in 'The Beach of Falesá'' English Literature in Transition 33 (1990): 407-22. Print. McClintock, Anne. Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York: Routledge, 1995. Print. Mccracken-Flesher, Caroline. 'Thinking Nationally/Writing Colonially? Scott, Stevenson, and England.' NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 24.3 (1991): 296. Print. Millhauser, Milton. 'Dr. Newton and Mr. Hyde: Scientists in Fiction from Swift to Stevenson.' Nineteenth-Century Fiction 28.3 (1973): 287-304. Print. Mohanram, Radhika. Imperial White: Race, Diaspora, and the British Empire. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota, 2007. Print. Morris, Charles. The Great Republic by the Master Historians .. Ed. Hubert H. Bancroft. New York: R.S. Belcher, 1902.Web. 14 Oct. 2014. Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992. Print. Reid, Julia. Robert Louis Stevenson, Science, and the Fin De Siècle. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Print. Sborgi, Ilaria B. '''Home'' in the South Seas.' Journal of Stevenson Studies 4 (2007): 185-95. Print. Sherick, William J. 'The Ethos of Stevenson''s 'The Isle of Voices'' Studies in Scottish Literature 27.1 (1992): 143-49. Print. Smajic, Srdjan. Ghost-seers, Detectives, and Spiritualists: Theories of Vision in Victorian Literature and Science. New York: Cambridge UP, 2010. Print. Stevenson, Robert Louis. 'My First Book—Treasure Island.' The Courier 21.2 (1986): 77-88. SURFACE. Web. 22. Jan. 2013. Stevenson, Robert Louis. In the South Seas: Being an Account of Experiences and Observations in the Marquesas, Paumotus and Gilbert Islands in the Course of Two Cruises, on the Yacht Casco (1888) and The Schooner Equator (1889). London: Chatto & Windus, 1908. Print. Stevenson, Robert Louis, and Lloyd Osbourne. The Wrecker. New York: C. Scribner''s Sons, 1891. Print. Stevenson, Robert Louis. South Sea Tales. Ed. Roslyn Jolly. 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摘要: Robert Louis Stevenson was a Scottish writer and a celebrated traveler. Among his several travel experiences, his travel in South Seas is impressive to his readers. My research explores Stevenson's South Seas short stories collection-Island Nights' Entertainments. The discussion of islander's colonial experiences and the expansion of imperialism in the nineteenth century were interwoven with the fantasy elements in three respective short stories.    The first chapter examines the fantasy of island superstition. We observe the difficulties of islanders because of the invasion of foreign culture. Also, we find out islanders' resistance from the traditional culture of island superstition to the Western culture. The second chapter explores the contact zone between different cultures and the impact of imperial power to the islanders. Stevenson demonstrates the imperial power in evil imp with magic force which destroys islanders' mental and physical aspects. The third chapter displays the very transitional period of colonial islands. The islanders who accept imperial culture performs the very different behavior and life way from the rest of islanders. Due to the expansion of imperial culture on the island, their thought and life style has changed. Stevenson's South Seas life observation and his short stories provide his reader with distinct view of the South Seas world which contains with their historical document of island colonization and their resistance to the imperial power. Stevenson leads us to see the complicated world of nineteenth-century South Seas through his three short stories with significant metaphor of fantasy element.
史蒂文生,蘇格蘭的小說家與旅行家.在他諸多的旅行經驗裡,南海島嶼的旅行經驗最令人難忘.本論文選取《海島之夜娛樂記》這本以史蒂文生在南海旅行經驗為主短篇故事集,從故事中的奇幻元素來探討南海島嶼當地的殖民經驗,以及西方帝國主義在當地的擴展及影響性.   第一部分從島嶼當地的迷信文化切入,以奇幻的島嶼故事為主軸,探討英國白人在島嶼受到的文化衝擊.同時史蒂文生利用島嶼的迷信文化以及當地島民信仰的力量,展現出島民對帝國文化入侵的抵抗性.第二部分從島嶼人民的舊金山之旅作為開頭,探討島民與美國人及其它異地文化的接觸.如此的接觸,帶來不同文化交流與發展,於此彰顯出帝國文化的擴張力量及影響力,史蒂文生以魔幻的惡魔瓶子暗喻帝國力量的邪惡與強大.第三部分是在討論,被帝國主義影響下島嶼人民的情況,探討島嶼人民為換取奢華的西方物質,讓自己的行為變得扭曲而奇怪.因帝國主義在島嶼地區的強勢發展,島嶼人民的生活型態已經出現變化,想法以及行為已經被外來文化所改變.   在史蒂文生旅行島嶼的生活記錄、以及他的短篇故事當中,我們可以看到十九世紀的島嶼殖民、甚至是島民與帝國主義對抗的歷史痕跡.三個短篇故事的發展及奇幻元素在故事中的運行,交織出史蒂文生式的十九世紀島嶼奇幻場景.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88905
其他識別: U0005-1608201511190600
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
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