請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88908
標題: Ocean, Ethnicity, and Spatial Mobility: Reading Life of Pi as a 21st-Century Bildungsroman
海洋、族裔與空間的位移: 二十一世紀新興成長小說 <少年Pi的奇幻漂流>
作者: Yu-Sheng Hsiao
關鍵字: 成長小說
M.M. Bakhtin
double bind
ethnic youth
the spatial mobility
引用: Works Cited Abrams, M H, and Geoffrey G. Harpham. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Boston, Mass: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005. Print. Albom, Mitch. The Five People You Meet in Heaven. London: Sphere, 2004. Print. Alden, Patricia. Social Mobility in the English Bildungsroman: Gissing, Hardy, Bennett, and Lawrence. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research, 1986. Print. Bakhtin, M. M. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Ed. Michael Holquist and Caryl Emerson. Trans. Vern W. McGee. Austin: University of Texas, 1986. Print. B., Du Bois W. E. The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett Publications, 1903. Print. Braendlin, Bonnie Hoover. 'Bildung In Ethic Women Writers.' Denver Quarterly 17 (1983):75-87. Print. Cuddon, John Anthony. The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. London: Penguin, 1999. Print. Dickens, Charles. David Copperfield. Madrid: Ediciones Gaviota, 2001. Print. Dwyer, June. 'Yann Martel''s Life of Pi and the Evolution of the Shipwreck Narrative.'Modern Language Studies 35.2 (2005): 9-21. Print. Edles, Laura D, and Scott Appelrouth. Sociological Theory in the Classical Era: Text and Readings. Los Angeles: Forge, 2010. Print. Edwards, Duane. 'Don't Ever Tell Anybody Anything.' Holden Caulfield. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1953. Print. Hardy, Thomas. Jude the Obscure. London: Macmillan, 1974. Print. Feng, Pin-china. The Female Bildungsroman by Toni Morrison and Maxine Hong Kingston: A Postmodern Reading. New York: P. Lang, 1998. Print. Fraiman, Susan. Unbecoming Women: British Women Writers and The Novel of Development. New York: Columbia UP, 1993. Print. Jots, Francois. 'The 'Bildungsroman' in Germany, England, and France.' Introduction to Comparative Literature. Indianapolis: Pegasus, 1974. 134-50. Print. Kester, Gunilla Theander. Writing the Subject: Bildung and the African American Text. New York: Peter Lang, 1995. Print. King, Deborah. 'Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminst Ideology.' Signs 14.1 (1988): 42-72. Print. Madinaveitia, Catherine, and J. D. Salinger. Brodie''s Notes on J.D. Salinger''s The Catcher in the Rye. London: Pan, 1990. Print. Martel, Yann. Life of Pi: A Novel. New York: Harcourt, 2001. Print. Martini, Fritz. 'Bildungsroman-Term and Theory.' Reflection and Action: Essay on Bildungsroman. 1-25. Print. Miles, David H. 'The Picaro's Journey to the Confessional: The Changing Image of the Hero in the German Bildungsroman.' PMLA 89 (1974): 980-92. Print. Moretti, Franco. The Way of the World: The Bildungsroman in European Culture. London: Verso, 1987. Print. Reimer, Mavis. 'What Is Home? The Discourse of Home and Homelessness in Popular Literature for Children.' National Chung Hsing University, Taichung. 3 Nov. 2010. Lecture. Salinger, J. D. The Catcher in the Rye. Boston: Little, Brown, 1951. Print. Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. The Norton Shakespeare: Based on the Oxford Edition. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt. New York: Norton, 2008. 1684-84. Print. Simon, Brian. Studies in the History of Education: 1780-1870. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1969. Print. Singh, Anita, and Milan Singh. 'Diaspora, Political Action, and Identity: A Case Study of Canada's Indian Diaspora.' Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies 17.2 (2008): 149-71. Print. Tennyson, G.B. 'The Bildungsroman in Nineteenth-Century English Literature.' Medieval Epic to the 'Epic Theater' of Brect. Ed. Rosario P. Armato and John M. Spalek. Los Angles: U of Califonia P, 1968. 135-46. Print. Trinh, T. Minh-Ha. Woman, Native, Other: Writing Postcoloniality and Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1989. Print. Yadav, Deepali. 'Ecocritical Reading of Yann Martel's Life of Pi.' The Criterion An International Journal in English 4.2 (2013):1-6. Print.
摘要: Abstract Yann Martel's Life of Pi, since publication, has been well received by the press and community as an amazing adventure tale, written with warmth and grace. Many critics examine the novel from the perspectives of religions, animals, or the last part of the story, the ethic issue. However, as the novel consists mainly of Pi's life before adulthood, this paper focus on the growth of Pi through his miserable and miraculous travel, demonstrating Life of Pi as a Twenty-first century Bildungsroman. The paper comprises three parts. The first part starts with a brief historical overview of the Bildungsroman and then discusses M.M. Bakhtin's analysis on the genre and its connection to Pi. The second part foregrounds the traditional elements of the Bildungsroman and tries to explore and demonstrate the inheritances of the traditional Bildungsroman in Pi such as quest of the father (mentor), double bind, and the emergence of the new man. The last part aims to look into the new elements of Pi—ethnic youth, ocean and the spatial mobility as motifs of the twenty-first century Bildungsroman. In conclusion, except for the discussion of the hybridity of the novel, the paper tries to examine the different version of Pi's adventure in the end of the novel, and tackles the concept of the authenticity, which echoes one of motifs of twenty-first century Bildungsroman. Key Words: Bildungsroman, M.M. Bakhtin, double bind, ethnic youth, ocean, the spatial mobility, authenticity
摘要 楊‧馬泰爾以其溫暖又極富魅力之筆鋒寫下《少年Pi的奇幻漂流》,也因此這本精彩絕倫的冒險故事一出版就廣受媒體好評與熱烈討論。許多評論家更從小說中提及之主題如:宗教、動物或道德來拓展該小說之研究及其論述。本文以少年成長為主題來探討少年Pi之奇幻冒險,並將其定義為一本二十一世紀的成長小說代表。 本文將分為三部分:第一部分由成長小說歷史之爬梳著手,並以M‧M‧巴赫汀對此傳統文類之定義來論述Pi之文類定位;第二部分由傳統成長小說之面向重新理解Pi被視為成長小說之關鍵因素,例如:尋父、雙重困境以及主角重生(蛻變)之母題;第三部分試圖探討與分析Pi作為二十一世紀成長小說之新元素—青少年族裔、海洋與空間位移。 本文之結論除總結Pi作為二十一世紀成長小說之複雜性,亦嘗試討論Pi小說末尾主角敘述之另一故事版本以及其真實性乃Pi作為二十一世紀成長小說的主題之一。 關鍵字:成長小說、M‧M‧巴赫汀、雙重困境、青少年族裔、海洋、空間的位移、真實性
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88908
其他識別: U0005-2501201502524800
文章公開時間: 2016-01-26

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