請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89056
標題: The Relationships between Users' Leisure Experience and Place Attachment in Public Libraries-A Case Study of National Library of Public Information
公共圖書館使用者休閒體驗與場所依附之關係─以國立公共資訊圖書館為例
作者: 許韻芝
Yun-Chih Hsu
關鍵字: 公共圖書館
第三場所
休閒
休閒功能
休閒體驗
場所依附
場所依賴
場所認同
社會性連結
Public libraries
Third place
Leisure
Leisure function
Leisure experience
Place attachment
Place dependence
Place identity
Social bonding
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摘要: 現今公共圖書館面對的是一群擁有相對豐裕物質生活與忙碌生活步調的群眾,而這些群眾較過去更加重視精神、感官層面與生活品質的提升,使得圖書館的休閒功能漸獲重視。國內圖書館界雖對公共圖書館休閒功能有所著墨,卻甚少實證研究是從使用者的視角去瞭解他們對公共圖書館休閒功能的看法與體會。基於上述,本研究探討使用者對公共圖書館休閒功能的態度與看法,並藉由修訂休閒與遊憩領域研究之休閒體驗與場所依附量表,探究使用者在圖書館裡感受到休閒體驗後,是否會對圖書館此一休閒場所產生依附感,以及使用者個人差異又是否會影響使用者的休閒體驗和場所依附。 本研究以國立公共資訊圖書館總館使用者為研究對象,原因是他們在規劃之初便有著墨於圖書館休閒功能。採用問卷調查法並輔以深入訪談法的方式進行資料的蒐集,於現場發放並回收409份有效問卷。封閉性問題以SPSS統計軟體先行編碼,並依研究問題的性質採用描述性統計、因素分析、卡方檢定、皮爾森積差相關、獨立樣本t 檢定、單因子變異數分析進行資料分析,最後利用SmartPLS統計軟體進行結構方程模式的迴歸預測分析;開放性問題則以人工方式進行彙整;另邀請九名使用者進行訪談,訪談內容整理成文字稿後,結合問卷統計結果加以分析與整理,最後歸納為研究結果。 研究結果顯示:一、使用者認同公共圖書館的休閒功能。二、公共圖書館為低強度的聚會場所。三、使用者休閒使用偏重休閒閱讀與尋求美好環境氛圍。四、使用者休閒使用的需求明顯受個人興趣影響。五、使用者使用特性方面歸納為:(一)圖書館能服務的使用者仍受地理範圍之限制;(二)公共圖書館休閒型態以個人和親子同樂為主;(三)公共圖書館對老年人有休閒的潛力;(四)參與圖書館活動與利用其他資源具正向關係。六、使用者休閒體驗偏好與個人差異之關係:(一)使用者對休閒體驗中的「環境審美」構面感受最強烈;(二)部分使用者個人背景與使用特性影響休閒體驗各構面分數。七、使用者場所依附程度與個人差異之關係:(一)場所依附中的「場所依賴」構面受使用者認同的程度最強烈;(二)部分使用者個人背景、使用特性影響場所依附各構面分數。八、 休閒體驗與場所依附具正向關係與預測能力。 根據研究結果,提出以下建議,供國內公共圖書館作為參考:一、爭取市區大眾運輸系統於圖書館設站。二、針對不同目標族群設計活動、服務和空間。三、以使用者興趣為導向去推廣圖書館休閒類館藏與活動。四、營造舒適、美觀、貼心與安靜的休閒環境。
The public library users nowadays live rich material and fast-paced lives; yet they pay more attention to their spiritual needs, sensory fulfillment and the promotion of quality of life. They therefore naturally value the leisure function of public libraries. The library practice serves leisure function but few research investigates users' experiences and viewpoints. The purpose of this research is to understand user attitudes and perspectives toward the leisure function of public libraries through developing a leisure experience and place attachment scale to explore whether users' leisure experience would affect their place attachment, and the influence of individual differences on the two scales. The research objects comprised users in National Library of Public Information that aims at bringing together reading, leisure, exploration, and life-long learning. Questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews were employed for data collection. A total of 409 copies of questionnaires were returned. Closed-ended questions were encoded using IBM Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) and analysized by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, Chi-square test, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, independent sample t test and one-way ANOVA. SmartPLS is adopted for structural equation model analysis. Open-ended questions were analyzed and subsumed into results. Nine survey respondents were invited for in-depth interviews. The interview data were prepared into text files and combined with the questionnaire statistical results for analysis before concluding into research results. The study results are as follows: 1. Users identity the provision of leisure function of public libraries. 2. Public libraries are low-intensive meeting places. 3. Users emphasize leisure reading and the space with good atmosphere for the purpose of leisure. 4. Users' personal hobbies affect their information needs for the purpose of leisure. 5. Use characteristics include: (1) A public library's geographic service area is limited; (2) Most of leisure forms of public libraries are individual and family activity; (3) Public libraries show potential of leisure for the elderly; (4) The frequency of participating in library activities positively correlated to the frequency of using other resources. 6. Users'' leisure experience and the influences of individual differences: (1) 'Environmental aesthetic experience' is the strongest dimension of leisure experience; (2) Users' socio-economic status and use characteristics are partially have influences on four dimension of leisure experience respectively. 7. Users'' place attachment and the influences of individual differences: (1) 'Place dependence' is the strongest dimension of place attachment; (2) Users' socio-economic status and use characteristics are partially have influences on three dimension of place attachment respectively. 8. Positive relationship was found significantly between leisure experience and place attachment, and leisure experience have predict ability to place attachment. The study proposed the following suggestions as a reference for public libraries in Taiwan: 1. To set up public transportation stops near the library. 2. To design activities, services and spaces for different kinds of target group. 3. To promote library collections and activities oriented by users'' interests. 4. To improve library's physical environment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89056
其他識別: U0005-0502201502260000
文章公開時間: 2015-02-05
顯示於類別:圖書資訊學研究所

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