請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89108
標題: Life tables of Tetranychus urticae at different temperatures and the control efficacy of Orius strigicollis
二點葉蟎(Tetranychus urticae)在不同溫度下之生命表與小黑花椿象(Orius strigicollis)防治效能
作者: 林雍翔
Yung-Hsiang Lin
關鍵字: Tetranychus urticae
age-stage
two-sex life table
arrhenotoky
temperature
Orius strigicollis
biological control
二點葉蟎
兩性生命表
孤雌產雄
溫度
小黑花椿象
生物防治
引用: Adamson, M., and D. Ludwig. 1993. Oedipal mating as a factor in sex allocation in haplodiploids. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 341: 195-202. Alzoubi, S., and S. Çobanoğlu. 2010. Integrated control possibilities for two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina: Tetranychidae) on greenhouse cucumber. Int. J. Acarol. 36: 259-266. Amir-Maafi, M., and H. Chi. 2006. Demography of Habrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on two pyralid hosts (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 99: 84-90. Attia, S., K. L. Grissa, G. Lognay, E. Bitume, T. Hance, and A. C. Mailleux. 2013. A review of the major biological approaches to control the worldwide pest Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) with special reference to natural pesticides. J. Pest Sci.: 1-26. Bell, J. R., D. A. Bohan, E. M. Shaw, and G. S. Weyman. 2005. Ballooning dispersal using silk: world fauna, phylogenies, genetics and models. Bull. Entomol. Res. 95: 69-114. Bernstein, C. 1984. Prey and predator emigration responses in the acarine system Tetranychus urticae-Phytoseiulus persimilis. Oecologia 61: 134-142. Birch, L. C. 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J.Anim. Ecol.: 15-26. Bounfour, M., and L. K. Tanigoshi. 2001. Effect of temperature on development and demographic parameters of Tetranychus urticae and Eotetranychus carpini borealis (Acari: Tetranychidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 94: 400-404. Burden, R. L., and J. D. Faires. 2005. Numerical analysis. 8th ed. PWS-Kent Publishing Company. Campbell, R. J., K. N. Mobley, and R. P. Marini. 1990. Growing conditions influence mite damage on apple and peach leaves. HortScience 25: 445-448. Carey, J. R. 1993. Applied demography for biologists with special emphasis on insects. Oxford University Press, Inc. Caswell, H. 1989. Matrix population models. Wiley Online Library. Central Weather Bureau. 1981-2010. Monthly Report on Climate System. www.cwb.gov.tw. Taiwan. Chambers, R. J., S. Long, and N. L. Helyer. 1993. Effectiveness of Orius laevigatus (Hem.: Anthocoridae) for the control of Frankliniella occidentalis on cucumber and pepper in the UK. Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 3: 295-307. Chang, D. C., and C. C. Chen. 1993. Population Fluctuation of Major Insect Pest on Kidney Bean and Proper Time of Control. Bull Taichung Dist Agric Improv Stn 38: 11-22 (in Chinese). Chang, S. C., M. C. Yao, Y. H. Chen, and K. H. Lu. 2011. Current Status and Future Prospects of Molecular Biological Techniques Used in the Species Identification of Agricultural Pests, Symposium on Diagnosis and Identification of Crop Pests in Taiwan: Present and Future Outlooks. Chi, H. 1988. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Environ. Entomol. 17: 26-34. Chi, H. 2014a. TWOSEX-MSChart: a computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. http://140.120.197.173/Ecology/. National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. Chi, H. 2014b. TIMING-MSChart: a computer program for the population projection based on age-stage, two-sex life table. http://140.120.197.173/Ecology/. National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. Chi, H., and H. Liu. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin 24: 225-240. Chi, H., and H. Y. Su. 2006. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its host Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) with mathematical proof of the relationship between female fecundity and the net reproductive rate. Environ. Entomol. 35: 10-21. Clotuche, G., M. Navajas, A. C. Mailleux, and T. Hance. 2013. Reaching the Ball or Missing the Flight? Collective Dispersal in the Two-Spotted Spider Mite Tetranychus urticae. PLoS ONE 8: e77573. Clotuche, G., A. C. Mailleux, A. A. Fernández, J. L. Deneubourg, C. Detrain, and T. Hance. 2011. The formation of collective silk balls in the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch. PLoS ONE 6: e18854. Cocuzza, G. E., P. D. Clercq, S. Lizzio, M. Veire, L. Tirry, D. Degheele, and V. Vacante. 1997. Life tables and predation activity of Orius laevigatus and O.albidipennis at three constant temperatures. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 85: 189-198. Colfer, R. G., and J. A. Rosenheim. 2001. Predation on immature parasitoids and its impact on aphid suppression. Oecologia 126: 292-304. Coll, M., and R. L. Ridgway. 1995. Functional and numerical responses of Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) to its prey in different vegetable crops. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 88: 732-738. Danks, H. V. 2006. Short life cycles in insects and mites. The Canadian Entomologist 138: 407-463. DE Angelis, J. D., K. C. Larson, R. E. BERRY, and G. W. Krantz. 1982. Effects of spider mite injury on transpiration and leaf water status in peppermint. Environ. Entomol. 11: 975-978. Dijksterhuis, E. J., C. Dikshoorn, and W. R. Knorr. 1987. Archimedes. Princeton University Press Princeton. Efron, B., and R. Tibshirani. 1985. The bootstrap method for assessing statistical accuracy. DTIC Document. El-Wahed, N. M. A., and A. S. El-Halawany. 2012. Effect of Temperature Degrees on the Biology and Life Table Parameters of Tetranychus urticae Koch on Two Pear varieties. Academic Journal of Biological Sciences. Ferrero, M., F. J. Calvo, T. Atuahiva, M. S. Tixier, and S. Kreiter. 2011. Biological control of Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard and Tetranychus urticae Koch by Phytoseiulus longipes Evans in tomato greenhouses in Spain [Acari: Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae]. Biol. Control 58: 30-35. Fisher, R. A. 1993. The genetical theory of natural selection: a complete variorum edition. Oxford University Press. Funderburk, J., J. Stavisky, and S. Olson. 2000. Predation of Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in field peppers by Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Environ. Entomol. 29: 376-382. Goodman, D. 1982. Optimal life histories, optimal notation, and the value of reproductive value. American Naturalist: 803-823. Greco, N. M., N. E. Sánchez, and G. G. Liljesthröm. 2005. Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) as a potential control agent of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae): effect of pest/predator ratio on pest abundance on strawberry. Experimental & applied acarology 37: 57-66. Helle, W., and M. W. Sabelis. 1985. Spider mites: their biology, natural enemies and control, vol. 1. Elsevier Amsterdam. Ho, C. C. 1988. An introduction to the exotic mite pests in Taiwan. Chinese J. Entomol., Special Publ 2: 155-166 (in Chinese). Ho, C. C. 2000. Spider-mite problems and control in Taiwan. Experimental & applied acarology 24: 453-462. Huang, L. H., and M. C. Lin. 2012. Life Table Parameters of Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) as Related to Its Management Strategy. Formos. Entomol. 32: 237-248. Huang, Y. B., and H. Chi. 2012. Age‐stage, two‐sex life tables of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a discussion on the problem of applying female age‐specific life tables to insect populations. Insect Science 19: 263-273. Hussey, N. W., and W. J. Parr. 1963. Dispersal of the glasshouse red spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina, Tetranychidae).Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 6: 207-214. Institute, S. 2011. SAS/STAT 9.3 user''s guide. SAS Institute. Jeppson, L. R. 1975. Mites injurious to economic plants. University of California Press. Karuppaiah, V., and G. K. Sujayanad. 2012. Impact of climate change on population dynamics of insect pests. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8: 240-246. Kasap, İ. 2004. Effect of apple cultivar and of temperature on the biology and life table parameters of the twospotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae. Phytoparasitica 32: 73-82. Kavousi, A., H. Chi, K. Talebi, A. Bandani, A. Ashouri, and V. H. Naveh. 2009.Demographic traits of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) on leaf discs and whole leaves. J. Econ. Entomol. 102: 595-601. Khanamani, M., Y. Fathipour, and H. Hajiqanbar. 2013. Population growth response of Tetranychus urticae to eggplant quality: application of female age-specific and age-stage, two-sex life tables. Int. J. Acarol.: 1-11. Kim, S. S., and S. S. Yoo. 2002. Comparative toxicity of some acaricides to the predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis and the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae. BioControl 47: 563-573. Kumar, S. V., C. Chinniah, C. Muthiah, P. Sivasubramanian, A. K. Chakravarthy,and A. Verghese. 2013. Influence of abiotic factors on two spotted spider mite population in eggplant. Current Biotica 7: 246-250. Kuo, J. Y. 1995. Current Status and Prospects of Leguminous Vegetables Industry in Taiwan Symposium on Improvement of Vegetable Industry in Taiwan: 111-131 (in Chinese). Kutuk, H., A. Yigit, R. Canhilal, and M. Karacaoglu. 2011. Control of western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) with Amblyseius swirskii on greenhouse pepper in heated and unheated plastic tunnels in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Afr. J. Agric. Sci. Res. 6: 5428-5433. Leslie, P. H. 1945. On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics.Biometrika 33: 183-212. Lewis, E. G. 1942. On the generation and growth of a population. Journal of Statistics(1993-1960): 6: 93-96. Lewis, W. J., J. C. Van Lenteren, S. C. Phatak, and J. H. Tumlinson. 1997. A total system approach to sustainable pest management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 94: 12243-12248. Liburd, O. E., J. C. White, E. M. Rhodes, and A. A. Browdy. 2007. The residual and direct effects of reduced-risk and conventional miticides on twospotted spider mites, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) and predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Fla. Entomol. 90: 249-257. Liu, T. S. inventor. 1987. Effect of Temperature on the Development of Two-spotted Spider Mite, Tetranychus urticae (Koch) in Saudi Arabia. Lu, C. T., Y. C. Chiu, M. Y. Hsu, C. L. Wang, and F. C. Lin. 2011. Using Cysts of Brine Shrimp, Artemia franciscana, as an Alternative Source of Food for Orius strigicollis (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). J Taiwan Agric Res 60: 300-308 (in Chinese). Lucas, E., D. Coderre, and C. Vincent. 1997. Voracity and feeding preferences of two aphidophagous coccinellids on Aphis citricola and Tetranychus urticae. Entomologia Experimentalis et applicata 85: 151-159. Macke, E., S. Magalhães, H. D. T. Khanh, A. Frantz, B. Facon, and I. Olivieri.2012. Mating modifies female life history in a haplodiploid spider mite. The American Naturalist 179: E147-E162. Meck, E. D., J. F. Walgenbach, and G. G. Kennedy. 2012. Association of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) feeding and gold fleck damage on tomato fruit. Crop Protection 42: 24-29. Migeon, A., E. Nouguier, and F. Dorkeld. 2010. Spider Mites Web: a comprehensive database for the Tetranychidae, pp. 557-560, Trends in Acarology.Springer. Mori, K., M. Nozawa, K. Arai, and T. Gotoh. 2005. Life-history traits of the acarophagous lady beetle, Stethorus japonicus at three constant temperatures. BioControl 50: 35-51. Navajas, M., G. J. de Moraes, P. Auger, and A. Migeon. 2013. Review of the invasion of Tetranychus evansi: biology, colonization pathways, potential expansion and prospects for biological control. Experimental and Applied Acarology 59: 43-65. Nyoike, T. W., and O. E. Liburd. 2013. Effect of Tetranychus urticae (Acari:Tetranychidae), on Marketable Yields of Field-Grown Strawberries in North-Central Florida. J. Econ. Entomol. 106: 1757-1766. Oatman, E. R., J. A. McMurtry, F. E. Gilstrap, and V. Voth. 1977. Effect of Releases of Amblyseius californicu on the Twospotted Spider Mite on Strawberry in Southern California. J. Econ. Entomol. 70: 638-640. Obrycki, J. J., and T. J. Kring. 1998. Predaceous Coccinellidae in biological control. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 43: 295-321. Oku, K., S. Yano, M. Osakabe, and A. Takafuji. 2005. Mating strategies of Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae) in relation to mating status of females. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 98: 625-628. Osman, M. A., A. A. Tawfik, and G. M. Abou-Elella. 2012. The impact of temperature on development and demographic parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Koch). Acarines 6: 25-30. Pai, K. F. 2012. Relationship with the male spider mite population growth. Taichung District Agricultural Improvement and Extension Station special issue: 205-210 (in Chinese). Pakyari, H., and A. Enkegaard. 2012. Effect of different temperatures on consumption of two spotted mite, Tetranychus urticae, eggs by the predatory thrips, Scolothrips longicornis. J. Insect Sci. 12. Park, Y. L., and J. H. Lee. 2002. Leaf cell and tissue damage of cucumber caused by twospotted spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 95: 952-957. Praslicka, J., and J. Huszar. 2004. Influence of temperature and host plants on the development and fecundity of the spider mite Tetranychus urticae (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Plant Protection Science-UZPI 40. Rezaie, M., A. Saboori, V. Baniamerie, and H. Allahyari. 2013. Susceptibility of Tetranychus uticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) on seven strawberry cultivars. Riahi, E., P. Shishehbor, A. R. Nemati, and Z. Saeidi. 2013. Temperature Effects on Development and Life Table Parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Acari:Tetranychidae). Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 15: 661-672. Salahi, M., A. A. Basheer, and L. Asslan. 2012. Effect of temperature on daily consumption rate of the predatory thrips, Scolothrips sexmaculatus Pergande (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 22:51-54. Sances, F. V., J. A. Wyman, I. P. Ting, R. A. Van Steenwyk, and E. R. Oatman.1981. Spider mite interactions with photosynthesis, transpiration and productivity of strawberry. Environ. Entomol. 10: 442-448. Sances, F. V., N. C. Toscano, L. F. LaPre, E. R. Oatman, and M. W. Johnson. 1982. Spider mites can reduce strawberry yields. Calif. Agric. 36: 14-15. Smith, J. F. 2010. Early-season management of twospotted spider mite on cotton and impacts of infestation timing on cotton yield loss. Mississippi State University. Southwood, T. R. E., and P. A. Henderson. 2009. Ecological methods. John Wiley & Sons. Tomczyk, A., and D. Kropczynska. 1985. Effects on the host plant. Spider mites:their biology, natural enemies and control 1: 317-327. Toyoshima, S., and H. Amano. 1999. Comparison of development and reproduction in offspring produced by females of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae) under two prey conditions. Appl Entomol Zool (Jpn) 34: 285-292. Van de Veire, M., and D. Degheele. 1992. Biological control of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), in glasshiuse sweet peppers with Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). A comparative study between O. niger (Wolff) and O. insidiosus (Say).Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 2: 281-283. Van Leeuwen, T., J. Vontas, A. Tsagkarakou, W. Dermauw, and L. Tirry. 2010.Acaricide resistance mechanisms in the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae and other important Acari: A review. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 40: 563-572. Van Lenteren, J. C. 2000. Success in biological control of arthropods by augmentation of natural enemies, pp. 77-103, Biological Control: Measures of success. Springer. Vargas, R. I., W. A. Walsh, D. KANEHISA, E. B. Jang, and J. W. Armstrong. 1997. Demography of four Hawaiian fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 90: 162-168. Wang, C. J., C. I. T. Shih, J. C. Su, T. F. Lee, N. I. Sheu, and K. F. Pai. 2003.Predation, reproduction, and impact of Amblyseius womersleyi (Acari:Phytoseiidae) on Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) on strawberry. Proceedings of the Integrated Management of Crops Pests in Taiwan: 193-222(in Chinese). Wang, C. L. 1994. The predacious capacity of two natural enemies of Thrips palmi Karny, Campylomma chinensis Schuh (Hemiptera: Miridae) and Orius sauteri (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Plant Protection Bulletin (Taiwan): 36:141-154 (in Chinese). Wang, C. L. 1998. Two predacious Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) in Taiwan.Chin. J. Entomol.: 18: 197-200 (in Chinese). Wang, C. L., P. C. Lee, and Y. J. Wu. 2001. Field augmentation of Orius strigicollis (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) for the control of thrips in Taiwan. Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute (in Chinese). Wang, C. L., P. C. Lee, and Y. J. Wu. 2002. Rearing and Utilization of Orius strigicollis for the Control of Thrips. Symposium on the Biological Control of Agricultural Insects and Mites: 157-174 (in Chinese). Wang, C. L., Y. J. Wu, M. Y. Hsu, C. T. Yseng, and Y. F. Chang. 1999. Selection of proper food materials for rearing Orius strigicollis (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Chin. J. Entomol.: 19: 319-329 (in Chinese). Wang, W. L., C. C. Hung, S. S. Kao, and S. C. Wang. 2009. Development and fecundity of the almond moth, Cadra cautella (Walker) (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae), reared on different diets. Formos. Entomol. 29: 251-262 (in Chinese). Wilson, E. O., and W. H. Bossert. 1971. A primer of population biology, vol. 3. Sinauer Associates Sunderland, MA. Yang, C. M. 2013. Predation evaluation of Orius stirgicollis on Tetranychus urticae baesd on age-stage, two-sex life table. Master, National Chung Hsing University Taiwan. Yuan, B., J. Sun, and S. Nishiyama. 2004. Effect of drip irrigation on strawberry growth and yield inside a plastic greenhouse. Biosys. Eng. 87: 237-245.
摘要: Tetranychus urticae, two-spotted spider mite, is a worldwide pest of many economic crops. It has short generation time and high fecundity to make it outbreak frequently. T. urticae features its reproductive way in arrhenotoky rather than normally zoogamy which is an important evolutionary advantage to disperse and building population. It is the first time to compare the population parameters of these two cohorts with different reproductive ways based on the age-stage, two-sex life table theory at different temperatures. There were significant differences in each preadult stage and the longevity of the adult at different temperatures. However, the means of the developmental duration for each preadult stage and the longevity of the adult of T. urticae in zoogamy cohort were not significantly different from those of arrhenotoky reproductive cohort at the same temperature. The intrinsic rate of increase (r) of 18 and 32oC is 0.1011 and 0.2800 day-1. The finite rate of increase (λ) of 18 and 32oC is 1.1064 and 1.3233 day-1. The net reproductive rate (R0) of 18 and 32oC is 21.6 and 12.1 eggs, respectively. The results of this study demonstrated the differences of population characteristics and parameters between zoogamy and arrhenotoky population at different temperatures. However, arrhenotokous cohort does not show the stable age distribution and that ignores the male offspring produced by virgin females before oedipal mating. Therefore, the population parameters were evaluated in a wrong way. Orius strigicollis has high searching ability and consumption rate. Control efficacies of O. strigicollis against T. urticae on the runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus) in greenhouse and on strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) in semi-field showed that this predacious bug performed well at high release rate. Five pair of O. strigicollis per 40 runner bean plants could inhibit the population growth of T. urticae on strawberry as well as at 12 adults per plant in semi-field. There are basic information, thus can be used in the further study or can be applied to the pest control program. Keywords: Tetranychus urticae, age-stage, two-sex life table, arrhenotoky, temperature, Orius strigicollis, biological control
二點葉蟎(Tetranychus urticae)是全世界許多寄主植物的重要害蟲。其世代短、繁殖力高,且除了有性生殖(zoogamy)外,尚可行孤雌產雄生殖(arrhenotoky),有助族群在擴散時建立族群的重要演化優勢。而溫度是影響二點葉蟎發育和成長的重要因子,本研究首度藉由年齡齡期兩性生命表理論(age-stage, two-sex life table theory)評估不同溫度之下對二點葉蟎在兩種生殖模式之族群介量影響之差異。飼育溫度的改變會造成葉蟎在兩種生殖模式中之成蟲前期及成蟲期的壽命都有顯著性的差異。然而,在兩種生殖模式之下,不同溫度的成蟲前期和成蟲期的壽命 並沒有顯著性的差異。在 18 和 32oC 下二點葉蟎之內在增殖率(r)、終極增殖率(λ)以及淨增殖率(R0)分別為 1.1064 和 1.3233/天、0.1011 和 0.2800/天、以及 21.6 和 12.1 子代。顯示有性生殖及孤雌產雄生殖的特性及族群介量之差異。然而,孤雌產雄族群不是一個穩定的年齡結構,並且容易忽略在雄性子代與雌性親代回交(oedipal mating)前所產的子代都是雄性。而導致對於族群介量之誤判。小黑花椿 象(Orius strigicollis)具有高收尋及高捕食的能力。將高釋放比例的小黑花椿象在溫室內的花豆上以及半田間中的草莓上之防治效果良好,顯著優於低釋放率及對照組。試驗結果建議以每 40 株花豆釋放 5 對小黑花椿象用以防治溫室內的花豆上之二點葉蟎,或採用單次高密度釋放(每株 12 隻)小黑花椿象防治盆栽草莓上之二點葉蟎。此等初步研究可作為擬訂生物防治策略之參考。 關鍵字:二點葉蟎、兩性生命表、孤雌產雄、溫度、小黑花椿象、生物防治
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89108
其他識別: U0005-2606201509585800
文章公開時間: 2018-07-16
顯示於類別:昆蟲學系

文件中的檔案:
檔案 大小格式 
nchu-103-7101036010-1.pdf2.32 MBAdobe PDF檢視/開啟


在 DSpace 系統中的文件,除了特別指名其著作權條款之外,均受到著作權保護,並且保留所有的權利。