Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89211
標題: 聽覺與嗅覺對熱舒適與熱適應之影響
A Study on the Influences of Auditory and Olfactory Sense on Thermal Comfort and Thermal Adaptation
作者: Yen-Fen Hsieh
謝燕芬
關鍵字: 熱感覺
調適行為
感官刺激
量化研究法
民族誌研究法
thermal sensation
adaptation behavior
sensory stimulation
quantitative research
ethnographic methods
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Building and Environment, 44, 2089-2096. 武者利光(1994)。1/f快適性研究。日本音響學會誌,50(6)。
摘要: The study attempts to combines auditory and olfactory sense with thermal comfort and thermal adaptation mode. We hope to find the stimulus of auditory and olfactory sense which can promote feeling of thermal comfort, when the outdoor thermal environment is discomfortable. And to explore these effects of these stimulus for thermal adaptation mode to provide muti-thoughts in investigation of thermal adaptation mode and study of outdoor thermal comfort to thermal comfort researchers. This also help landscape designers to use more sensory stimulation to create a more comfortable thermal environment parkland, increase people's willingness to outdoor activities, enhance public health and save energy using. This study followed research themes to plan a series of four studies, purpose contain:1. Find out the stimulus of auditory and olfactory sense which can improve outdoor thermal comfort. 2. Construct thermal adaptation construction of outdoor thermal environment and propose subjects which are suitable for thermal adaptation investigations of outdoor environment user. 3. Discuss by adding the stimulus of auditory and olfactory sense, what type of thermal environment will affect thermal sensation. 4. Verify auditory and olfactory sense stimulus to the enhance effect on thermal comfort and thermal adaptation. Study one use Open-ended questionnaire and Frequency analysis to find out the majority of the subjects think these auditory and olfactory sense stimulus could improve thermal comfort. Study two uses literature review to find thermal adaptation strategies, and uses ethnographic methods to outdoor interview and elaborate on thermal adaptation strategies, then we survey, and use item analysis、EFA and CFA to analysis verification, then develop appropriate quiz for outdoor thermal adaptation questionnaire. Study three uses the control of experiment research design, we experiment in a hot or cold environment to compare the differences of subject's thermal sensation by adding mint flavor、the sound of water flow and no adding stimulus, analysis method is t-test. Study four uses the control design and the comparative design of experiment research design to discuss six kinds of cool stimulus in hot environment and six kinds of warm stimulus in cold environment, has any influence on subject's thermal comfort and thermal adaptation, analysis methods are t-test and ANOVA. The result we can see, auditory and olfactory sense stimulus only influence thermal sensation in the corresponding environment. In the subjects providing stimulus, the sound of water flow、the sound of wind chimes、mint flavor and green grass flavor, these four cool stimulus have significant effect on improving thermal comfort, and the improving effect of the sound of water flow and mint flavor are the best. Cicadas sound、sound of firewood、rock and roll music、barbecue flavor、hotpot flavor and rice flavor can only make you feel warming, and not effectively improving the thermal comfort. The usual thermal adaptation mode can be summarized within intro-control、shift、passive respondent、displace-oriented behavior、material-aided behavior and metabolism-related behavior, the six constructs have a total of nineteen thermal adaptation content. No matter in cold or hot environment, displace-oriented behavior and material-aided behavior are the most commonly used thermal adaptation mode, and the most unusual thermal adaptation mode is passive respondent. In the auditory and olfactory sense stimulus, we can find green grass flavor、forest flavor、cicadas sound、rock and roll music、hotpot flavor and rice flavor will change thermal adaptation mode, including reducing the passive respondent、displace-oriented behavior and material-aided behavior, and improving shift and metabolism-related behavior.
本研究嘗試將聽覺與嗅覺和人類的熱舒適感受與熱適應方式作連結,希望透過找尋戶外熱環境不舒適時,可以幫助民眾提升熱舒適感受的聽覺與嗅覺刺激源,並探討這些刺激源對民眾熱適應方式的影響。本研究期能提供熱舒適相關研究者,在熱適應方式的調查及戶外熱舒適的研究有更多元的思考,並幫助景觀規劃設計者多採用感官刺激方式營造更舒適的公園綠地熱環境,以增加民眾到戶外活動的意願,提升民眾健康及節約能源使用。本研究依循研究主題擬定一系列四項研究,研究目的包含:1.找尋能改善戶外熱舒適的聽覺及嗅覺刺激源,2.建構戶外熱環境的熱適應構面,並提出適合用於戶外環境使用者熱適應調查的題項,3.探討聽覺與嗅覺刺激源可以影響熱感覺的適用熱環境類型,4.驗證聽覺與嗅覺刺激源對熱舒適與熱適應之提升效果之研究結果。 研究一以開放式問卷搭配次數分析方法,尋找多數受測者認為可以改善熱舒適的聽覺與嗅覺刺激源;研究二以文獻回顧找尋熱適應策略,並以民族誌研究法進行戶外訪談及觀察補充熱適應策略,接續進行問卷調查,並以項目分析、探索性因素分析及驗證性因素分析等方式進行分析驗證,以擬定適合戶外熱適應調查的完整測驗題項;研究三以實驗研究中的控制組設計,在高溫與低溫環境進行實驗,比較加入薄荷味或水流聲及未加入刺激源,受測者熱感覺之差異,分析方式為t檢定;研究四以實驗研究中的控制組設計及比較設計,討論6種涼感刺激源於高溫環境,及6種暖感刺激源於低溫環境,對受測者熱舒適與熱適應的影響,分析方式為t檢定及ANOVA。 研究結果可以發現,聽覺與嗅覺刺激源僅於相對應的環境對熱感覺有影響,而受測者提供的刺激源中,水流聲、風鈴聲、薄荷味與青草味等四項涼感刺激源對高溫環境的熱舒適提升確實有顯著的效果,並且水流聲與薄荷味的提升效果最好。而蟬鳴聲、燒柴聲、搖滾樂聲、烤肉味、火鍋味與飯香味則皆只能使人有變暖的感覺,但無法有效提升熱舒適。而人們平常會使用的熱適應方式可以歸納為內化控制、心理轉移、消極因應、移置取向行為、材料輔助行為與代謝相關行為等六個構面共19項熱適應內容,其中不論於低溫或高溫環境,移置取向行為和材料輔助行為兩大構面皆為人們最常使用的熱適應方式,消極因應為人們最不常使用的熱適應方式。而聽覺與嗅覺刺激源中,可以發現青草味、森林味、蟬鳴聲、搖滾樂聲、火鍋味及飯香味皆會使得熱適應方式改變,包含降低消極因應、移置取向行為與材料輔助行為,及提升心理轉移與代謝相關行為等。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89211
其他識別: U0005-2508201500040400
文章公開時間: 2018-08-26
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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