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A Study of Low-light Environmental Adaptation in Ornamental Plants by Using Chlorophyll Fluorescence Measurement
rapid light curve
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|摘要:||With the intensive use of urban land increased, usage of basement space has increased dramatically, such as hospitals, offices, shopping malls and residential. These closed indoor spaces often become a place that brings contaminated gases and pathogens together. While modern people spend much longer time in indoor space than outdoor space, it highlights the close relationship between indoor environmental quality and human life. There are a large number of studies indicate that indoor greening can purify the air, inhibit bacteria, relax mind, reduce fatigue, beautify the environment, and to improve the quality of life, enhance physical and mental health.
There are lots of difficult points in indoor greening. Light supply is a crucial key to indoor greening. As a result of indoor lighting that must be considered human visible comfort and energy consumption of illumination, this experiments adopt normal light intensity of indoor lighting to treat 50 different species of plants. These plants treated with two light intensity levels and the parameters measured by chlorophyll fluorescence meter to discuss and investigate light demand characteristics and photosynthesis characteristics of the different plants after low-light acclimation.
The result revealed that 37 species of plants could be adapted to light intensity of 8~12 μmol m-2s-1, light demand of 8 species of plants was 18~20 μmol m-2s-1, and 5 species of plants need much more light intensity that is higher than 18~20 μmol m-2s-1. In this experiment, the plants of Araceae and Agavaceae are more adaptive than the plants of Acanthaceae and Marantaceae in low-light environment which is 8~12 μmol m-2s-1.|
隨著都市土地使用的密集度增高，如地下室等密閉室內空間的使用率也大幅提升，其中包括醫院、辦公空間、商場、住宅等。現代人們在室內活動的時間遠大於戶外，但這些密閉室內空間常成為汙染氣體和病原菌匯聚的場所，因此室內環境品質的改善與人類健康密切相關。目前已有大量研究指出室內綠化能淨化空氣、抑制病原菌、舒緩心靈、減輕疲?、美化環境，進而提高生活品質、增進身心健康。 室內環境植物的栽植中有多項困難點。在眾多問題之中，光源的供給被視為重要關鍵。由於室內照明需考量人類視覺感受的舒適度與照明設備的能源支出，本研究採用一般室內光照的光強度對五十種植物作低光處理試驗。藉由兩種光強度處理與葉綠素螢光分析測定之數值，探討不同植物的光需求特性與低光環境馴化後的光合作用特性。 結果顯示能適應8?12μmol m-2s-1光強度的植物有三十七種；需要18?20μmol m-2s-1光強度的植物有八種；對光強度需求大於18?20μmol m-2s-1的植物有五種。試驗植物中，天南星科與竹芋科的植物普遍比龍舌蘭科與爵床科的植物更能適應8?12μmol m-2s-1的低光環境。
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