Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89231
標題: 乙烯催色與貯藏溫度對'Eureka'檸檬果實 轉色及品質之影響
Effects of Ethylene Degreening and Storage Temperature on Coloration and Fruit Quality of 'Eureka' Lemon (Citrus limon L. Burm.F. cv. 'Eureka' )
作者: Tsung-Han Lin
林宗翰
關鍵字: 檸檬
催色
溫度
乙烯濃度
貯藏溫度
lemon
degreening
temperature
ethylene concentration
storage temperature
引用: 行政院農業委員會。2003-2013。民國92-102年農業統計年報。 行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局。2011。植物保護圖鑑系列9-柑橘保護。pp.306-307。 行政院農業委員會藥物毒物試驗所。2007。柑桔整合管理。pp.183。 吳貞瑤。2000。1999年台灣飲料產銷統計及未來趨勢。中華食品工業38:66-70。 李堂察。2009。柑橘貯藏技術。興大農業 68:8-11。 林峻緯。2011。採前套袋、浸泡S-ABA及採後熱處理對外銷椪柑果實品質之影響。國立中興大學園藝學系碩士論文。pp.22-96。 邱祝櫻。2015。台灣檸檬產銷概況及栽培管理。農業世界380:11-15。 邱祝櫻。1999。修剪對檸檬及四季橘產量及產期之影響。台灣農業試驗研究成果年報。pp.43。 柏明禮。2009。採前施用S-ABA及採後熱處理對椪柑果實經低溫檢疫處理及貯藏後品質之影響。國立中興大學園藝學系碩士論文。pp.88。 區少梅、林聖敦、李介義、溫晉慶。 1993。 椪柑適當採收條件之探討。 中國園藝 39:115-127。 梁穎芝、王自存。2006。短波紫外線誘導椪柑及柳橙果實中Scoparone 之生成。台灣園藝 52:1-14。 黃阿賢。2002。小年全株疏果對檸檬後續產量的影響。中華農業研究51(1):56-60。 黃祐慈、劉富文。2007。椪柑採後模擬低溫檢疫處理、貯放溫度及提早採收對轉色之影響。臺灣園藝 53:267-277。 黃鵬。1985。溫度、塑膠袋包裝及乙烯劑對採收後苦瓜品質之影響。中國園藝 31:226-231。 楊秀珠。1997。柑桔及其他水果貯藏病害之調查及防治方法。園產品採後處理與運銷技術研討會專刊。pp. 38-54。 劉富文、王自存、潘靜慧。1998a。椪柑桶柑及柳橙在採收季節之成熟特性。中國園藝。44: 265-274。 劉富文、潘靜慧、薛淑滿、洪紫馨。1998b。採收成熟度及貯藏溫度對椪柑貯藏壽命之影響。中國園藝 44:239-252。 劉富文、薛淑滿、洪紫馨。2001。貯藏溫度與套袋方式對椪柑、桶柑貯藏損失及貯藏後品質之影響。中國園藝 47:388-390。 劉富文。2005a。椪柑、桶柑與柳橙長期貯藏之條件與方法。台灣柑橘產業發展研討會專刊。pp.209-215。 劉富文。2005b。外銷椪柑、桶柑與柳橙之採收、檢疫處理與貯、運、銷技術方略。園產品採後處理技術之研究與應用研討會專刊。pp.1-13。 劉富文、黃祐慈、梁穎芝。2007。椪柑用乙烯催色之效果與方法。台灣園藝 53:395-407。 劉富文。2014。台灣柑桔實用催色技術之研發。中正基金會年報。pp.19。 謝慶昌、林建志。2006。柑桔果實之催色。興大農業 58: 9-10。 Ahren, M. J. and X. R. Barmore. 1987. Interactive effects of temperature and ethylene concentration on postharvest color development in citrus. Acta. Hort. 201:21-27. Albert C. P., and R. B. Charles. 1981. Involvement of ethylene in chlorophyll degradation in peel of citrus fruits. Plant Physiol. 68, 854-856. Alférez, F. and J. K. Burns. 2004. Postharvest peel pitting at non-chilling temperatures in grapefruit is promoted by changes from low to high relative humidity during storage. Posth. Biol. Tech. 32: 79-87. Artés, F. and A. Escriche. 1988. Maladies physiologiques des agrumes et nouvelles techniques de réfrigération. Rev. Gen. Froid. l-2:47-51. Artés, F. and A. J. Escriche. 1994. Intermittent warming reduces chilling injury and decay of tomato fruit. J. of Food Sci. 59:1053-1056. Artés, F. and O. Carpena. 1977. Controlled atmosphere storage of 'Primofiori' lemon. Proc. Intl. Soc. Citricult. 3:1137-1142. Artés, F., A. J. Escriche, and J. G. Marin. 1993. Treating 'Primofiori' lemons in cold storage with intermittent warming and carbon dioxide. HortScience 28:809-821. Artés, F., M.C. Guil1én, and A. Escriche. 1981. Physiological disorders in the storage of lemon fruits. Proc. Intl. Soc. Citricult. 2:768-772. Artés, F., M.C. Guillén, G. Guzmán, and J.G. Marín. 1979. Conservation des citrons Verna en atmosphère contròlée. XVth Intl. Congr. Refrigeration 3:6678. Azuma, R., H. Kurata, M. Adachi, and K. Shimokawa. 1999. Degreening of Citrus unshiu fruits via ethyleneinduced soluble chlorophyllase. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 68:558-562. Ballester, A. R., M.T. Lafuente, and L. Gonzalez-Candelas. 2006. Spatial study of antioxidant enzymes, peroxidase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in the citrus fruit–Penicillium digitatum interaction. Posth. Biol. Tech. 39:115–124. Barmore, C. R., and G. E Brown. 1985. Influence of ethylene on increased susceptibility of oranges to Diplodia natalensis. Plant Dis. 69: 228–230. Barry, G. H. and A. A. V. Wyk. 2006. Low-temperature cold shock may induce rind colour development of 'Nules Clementine' mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) fruit. Posth. Biol. Tech. 40:82-88. Ben-Yehoshua, S., I. Kobiler, and B. Shapiro. 1979. Some physiological effects of delaying deterioration of citrus fruits by individual seal packagingin high density polyethylene film. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 104:868–872. Ben-Yehoshua, S., I. Kobiler, and B. Shapiro. 1981. Effects of cooling versus seal-packaging with high-density polyethylene on keeping qualities of various citrus cultivars. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 106:536-540. Ben-Yehoshua, S., J. Peretz, and V. Rodov. 1996. High humidity packaging extends life of easy peeler Citrus reticulata fruits. Proc. Int. Soc. Citric 1: 334-337. Ben-Yehoshua, S., J. Peretz, R. Moran, B. Lavie,and J. J. Kim. 2001. Reducing the incidence of superficial flavedo necrosis (noxan) of Shamouti oranges (Citrus sinensis, Osbeck). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 22: 19-27. Biolattoa, A., V. Salittoa, R. J. C. Cantetb, and N.A. Pensela.2005. Influence of different postharvest treatments on nutritional quality of grapefruits. Food Sci. Technol. 38:131-134. Brotons, J. M., F. J. Manera, A. Conesa, and I. Porras. 2013. A fuzzy approach to the loss of green colour in lemon (Citrus lemon L. Burm. f.) rind during ripening. Comput. Electron. Agric. 98: 222–232. Brown, G. E. 1986. Diplodia stemend rot, a decay of citrus fruit increased by ethylene degreening treatment and its control. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 99:105-108. Brown, G. E., 1994. Responses to ethylene of citrus stem-end rot and its causal agent, Diplodia natalensis. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 107: 298-301. Bus, V. G., A. J. Bongers, and L. A. Risse. 1991. Occurence of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum resistant to benomyl, thiabendazole, and imazalil on citrus fruit from different geographic origins. Plant Dis. 75: 1098-1100. Carvalho, C. P., A.Salvador, P. Navarro, A. Monterde, and J. M Martinez-Javega. 2008. Effect of auxin treatments on calyx senescence in the degreening of four mandarin cultivars. HortScience 43, 747-752. Casas, A.and D. Mallent .1988. El color de los frutos cítricos. I. Generalidades. II. Factores que influyen en el color. Influencia de la especie, de la variedad y de la temperatura. Rev. Agroquim. Tecnol. aliment. 28(2):184-202. Chalutz, E., J. Waks, and M. Schiffmann-Nadel. 1981. The different responses of several citrus fruits cultivars to low temperatures. Proc. Intl. Soc. Citricult. 2:773-774. Cohen, E., M. Shuali, and Y. Shalom. 1983. Effect of intermittent warming on the reduction of chilling injury of 'Villa Franka' lemon fruits stored at cold temperature. J. Hort. Sci. 58:593-598. Cohen, E., S. Ben-Yehoshua, I. Rosemberger, Y. Shalom, and B. Shapiro. 1990b. Quality of lemons sealed in high density polyethylene film during long-term storage at different temperatures with intermittent warming. J. Hort. Sci. 65:603-610. Cohen, E., S. Lurie, and Y. Shalom. 1988. Prevention of red blotch in degreened lemon fruit. HortScience 23:864-865. Cohen, E., Y. Shalom, I. Rosenberger. 1990a. Postharvest ethanol buildup and off-flavor in 'Murcott' tangerine fruits. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115: 775-778. Combrinck, S., T. Regnier, and G. P. P. Kamatou. 2011. In vitro activity of eighteen essential oils and some major components against common postharvest fungal pathogens of fruit. Ind. Crops Prod. 33: 344-349. Cooper, W. C. and W. H. Henry .1968. Effect of growth regulators on the coloring and abscission in citrus fruit. Isr. J. Agric. Res. 18:161-174. Cooper, W. C., G.K. Rasmussen, and J. J. Smoot. 1969. Ethylene evolution stimulated by chilling in Citrus and Persea species. Plant Physiol. 44:1194-1196. Cornje, P. 2010. Citrus postharvest series learner guide.Citrus research international Module 17:1-7. Cunningham, F. J. and E. Gantt. 1998. Genes and enzymes of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 49: 557–583. Danderson, M. 1986. Omega (prochloraz), a fungicide for post-harvest control of anthracnose, the Dothiorella/Colletotrichum complex and stem-end rot in avocados. S. Afr. Avocado Growers Assoc. Yearbook 9: 27-30. Darvas, J.M. 1991. Dothiorella dominicana, a new mango pathogen in South Africa. Phytophylactica 23: 295-8. Eckert, J. W. and I. L. Eaks. 1989. pp. 179-260. In: Reuther, W., Calavan, E.C., Carman, G.E. (eds.), Postharvest Disorders and Diseases of Citrus Fruits. The Citrus Industry, vol. 4. University California Press, Berkeley. Eilati, S. K., S. P. Ilionselise, and P. Budowski. 1969. Seasonal development of external color and carotenoid content in the peel of ripening 'Shamouti' oranges. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 94:346-348. European Community. 2001a. Commission Regulation September 2001 laying down the marketing standard for citrus fruit. (EC) No. 1799/2001 of 12. European Community. 2001b. Commission Regulation on checks on conformity to the marketing standards applicable to fresh fruit and vegetables. (EC) No. 1148/2001. FAO report, 1997. Pesticide Residues in Food, FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 145, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 1998. Available from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/W8141E/W8141E00.htm. Fujii, H., T. Shimada, A. Sugiyama, F. Nishikawa, T. Endo, M. Nakano, Y. Ikoma, T. Shimizu, and M. Omura. 2007. Profiling ethylene-responsive genes in mature mandarin fruit using a citrus 22K oligoarray. Plant Sci. 173:340-348. García-Lidón, A., J. A. Del-Río, I. Porras, M. D. Fuster, A. Ortuño . 2003. El limón y sus componentes bioactivos. Serie. Técnica. Nº 25. 127pp. Goldschmidt- E, E., 1988. Regulatory aspects of chloro-chromoplast inter-conversions in senescing citrus fruit peel. Israel J. Bot. 37:123-130. Goodner, K. L., R. L. Rouseff, and H. J. Hofsommer . 2001. Orange, mandarin, and hybrid classification using multivariate statistics based on carotenoid profiles. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49: 1146-1150. Grierson, W. and S. Ben-Yehoshua. 1986. Storage of citrus fruits. p. 479-507. In; Wardowski, W. F., S. Nagy, and W. Grierson. (eds.) Fresh Citrus Fruit. AVI Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Inc., New York. pp. 479-507. Grierson, W., E. Cohen, and H. Kitagawa. 1986. Degreening. pp.253-274. In: Wardowski, W. F., S. Nagy and W. Grierson (eds.). Fresh citrus fruits. AVI, Van Nostrand Co. New York. Gross, J. 1987. Carotenoids: Pigments in Fruits. Academic Press, London. Harding Jr, P. R. 1972. Differential sensitivity to thiabendazole by strains of Penicillium italicum and P. digitatum. Plant Dis. Rep. 56: 256-260. Harpaz-Saad, S., T. Azoulay, T. Arazi, E. Ben-Yaakov, A. Mett, Y.M. Shiboleth, S. Hortensteiner, D. Gidoni, A. Galon, E. E. Goldschmidt, and Y. Eyal. 2007. Chlorophyllase is a rate-limiting enzyme in chlorophyll catabolism and is posttranslationally regulated. The Plant Cell 19: 1007-1022. Hatton, T. T. and R. H. Cubbedge. 1981. Effects of ethylene on chilling injury and subsequent decay of conditioned early 'Marsh' grapefruit during low-temperature storage. HortScience 16:783–784. Henriod R. E., 2006. Postharvest characteristics of navel oranges following high humidity and low temperature storage and transport. Posth. Biol. Tech. 42: 57-64. Herrero, C. M., J. L. Smilanick, J. S. Tebbets, S. Walse, and L. Palou. 2011. Control of citrus postharvest decay by ammonia gas fumigation and its influence on the efficacy of the fungicide imazalil. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 59: 85-93. Holmes, G. J. and J. W. Eckert. 1999. Sensitivity of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum to postharvest citrus fungicides in California. Phytopathology 89: 716-721. Holmes, G. J. and J. W. Eckert. 1995. Relative fitness of imazalil-resistant and -sensitive biotypes of Penicillium digitatum. Plant Dis. 79: 1068-1073. Hortensteiner, S. 2006. Chlorophyll Degradation During Senescence. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 57:55-77. Houck, L.G., J. F. Jenner, and B. E. Mackey. 1990. Seasonal variability of the response of desert lemons to rind injury and decay caused by quarantine cold treatments. J. Hort. Sci. 65:611-617. Huff , A. 1983. Nutritional control of regreening and degreening in Citrus peel segments. Plant Physiol. 73:243-249. Huff, A. 1984. Sugar regulation of plastid interconversions in epicarp of Citrus fruit. Plant Physiol. 76:307-312. Iglesias, D. J., F. R. Tadeo, F. Legaz, E. Primo-Millo, and M. Talon. 2001. In vivo sucrose stimulation of colour change in citrus fruit epicarps: interactions between nutritional and hormonal signals. Physiol. Plant. 112:244-250. Iglesias, D. J., M. Cercós, J. M. Colmenero-Flores, M. A. Naranjo, G. Ríos, E. Carrera, O. Ruiz-Rivero, I. Lliso, R. Morillon, F. R. Tadeo and M. Talon. 2007. Physiology of citrus fruiting. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 19(4):333-362. Ikoma, Y., A. Komatsu, M. Kita, K. Ogawa, M. Omura, M. Yano, and T. Moriguchi . 2001. Expression of a phytoene synthase gene and characteristic carotenoid accumulation during citrus fruit development. Physiol. Plant 111: 232-238. Ikoma, Y., T. Shimizu, and M. Omura. 2007. Profiling ethylene-responsive genes in mature mandarin fruit using a citrus 22K oligoarray. Plant Sci. 173:340-348. Jacob-Wilk, D., D. Holland, E. E. Goldschmidt, J. Riov, and Y. Eyal. 1999. Chlorophyll breakdown by chlorophyllase: isolation and functional expression of the Chlase1 gene from ethylene-treated Citrus fruit and its regulation during development. Plant J. 20:653-661. Jahn, O. L., W. G. Chace Jr., and R. H. Cubbedge. 1973. Degreening response of 'Hamlin' oranges in relation to temperature, ethylene concentration, and fruit maturity. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 98:177-181. Johnson, G. I., S. Sangchote and A.W. Cooke. 1990. Control of stem-end rot (Dothiorella dominicana) and other postharvest diseases of mangoes (cv. Kensington Pride) during short- and long-term storage. Trop. Agri. 67: 183-187. Kato, M., Y. Ikoma, H. Matsumoto, M. Sugiura, H. Hyodo, and M. Yano. 2004. Accumulation of carotenoids and expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes during maturation in citrus fruit. Plant Physiol. 134(2): 824–837. Katz, E., P. Martinez-Lagunes, J. Riov, D. Weiss, and E. E. Goldschmidt. 2004. Molecular and physiological evidence suggests the existence of a system II-like pathway of ethylene production in non-climacteric Citrus fruit. Planta 219:243-252. Kinay, P., M. F. Mansour, F. M. Gabler, D. A. Margosan, and J. L. Smilanick. 2007. Characterization of fungicide-resistant isolates of Penicillium digitatum collected in California. Crop Prot. 26: 647-656. Kuramoto,T. 1976. Resistance to benomyl and thiophanate-methyl in strains of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum in Japan. Plant Dis. Rep. 60: 168-172. Lee, H. S. and W. S. Castle .2001. Seasonal changes of carotenoid pigments and color in Hamlin, Earlygold, and Budd Blood orange juices. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49: 877-882 Manera, F. J., J. M. Brotons, A. Conesa, I. Porras. 2013. Relation between temperature and the beginning of peel color change in grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf). Sci. Hortic. Amsterdam 160:292-299. Manera, J., J. M. Brotons, A. Conesa, and I. Porras, 2012b. Influence of temperature on the beginning of degreening in lemon peel. Sci. Hortic. Amsterdam 145: 34-38. Manera, J., J. M. Brotons, A. Conesa, and I. Porras. 2012a. Relationship between air temperature and degreening of lemon (Citrus lemon L. Burm. f.) rind color during maturation. Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 6 (6): 1051-1058. Mayuoni, L. and R. Porat. 2011. Postharvest Treatments for Degreening of 'Villa franca' Lemons. Hortechnology.21(5):624-627. Mayuoni, L., Z. Tietel, B. S. Patil, and R. Porat. 2011. Does ethylene degreening affect internal quality of citrus fruit? Postharvest Biol. Technol. 62: 50-58. Molnár, P. and J. Szabolcs. 1980. β-Citraurin epoxide, a new carotenoid from Valencia orange peel. Phytochemistry 19: 633-637. Nawar, A. and T. Ezz. 1994. Surface pitting, proline, free amino acids and soluble sugars in grapefruit and orange fruit peel in relation to chilling injury. Alex. J. Agr. Res. 39(1):357–371. Nordby, H. E., A.C. Purvis, and G. Yelonsky. 1987. Lipids in peel of grapefruit and resistance to chilling injury during cold storage. HortScience 22:915–917. Obagwu, J. and L. Korsten. 2003. Control of citrus green and blue molds with garlic extracts. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 109: 221-225. Obenland, D., S. Collin, B. Mackey, J. Sievert, and M. L. Arpaia. 2011. Storage temperature and time influences sensory quality of mandarins by altering soluble solids, acidity and aroma volatile composition. Posth. Biol. Tech. 59: 187–193. Plooy, W. D., T. Regnier, and S. Combrinck. 2009. Essential oil amended coatings as alternatives to synthetic fungicides in citrus postharvest management. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 53: 117-122. Porat, R. 2008. Degreening of citrus fruit. Tree For. Sci. Biotechnol. 2:71-76. Porat, R., B. Weiss, L. Cohen, A. Daus, and E. Cohen. 2003. Effects of intermittent warming and temperature conditioning on the postharvest quality of 'Oroblanco' ctrus fruit following long-term cold storage. HorTechnology 13: 70-74. Porat, R., B. Weiss, L. Cohen, A. Daus, and N. Aharoni. 2004. Reduction of postharvest rind disorders in citrus fruit by modified atmosphere packaging. Posth. Biol. Tech. 33:35-43. Purvis, A. C. and W. Grierson. 1982. Accumulation of reducing sugar and resistance of grapefruit to chilling injury as related to winter temperatures. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 107:139–142. Purvis, A. C. 1984. Importance of water loss in the chilling injury of grapefruit stored at low temperature. Scientia Hort. 23:261-267. Purvis, A. C. 1985. Relationship between chilling injury of grapefruit and moisture loss during storage: Amelioration of polyethylene shrink film. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110:385-388. Ren, G., Q. Zhou, S. Wu, Y. Zhang, L. Zhang, J. Huang, Z. Sun and B. Kuai. 2010. Reverse genetic identification of CRN1 and its distinctive role in chlorophyll degradation in Arabidopsis. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 52 (5): 496-504. Rodrigo, M. J., and L. Zacar. 2007. Effect of postharvest ethylene treatment on carotenoid accumulation and the expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes in the flavedo of orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) fruit. Posth. Biol. Tech. 43:14-22. Ryall, A. L. and W. J. Lipton. 1972. Handling, transportation and storage of fruits and vegetables. Vol.1 Vegetables and melons. The AVI Publ. Co., Westport, Conn. pp. 1-69. Sangchote, S. 1991. Botryodiplodia stem end rot of mango and its control. Acta Horticulture 291: 296-304 Schelbert, S., S. Aubry, B. Burla, B. Agne, F. Kessler, K. Krupinska, and S. Hörtensteiner. 2009. Pheophytin pheophorbide hydrolase (pheophytinase) is involved in chlorophyll breakdown during leaf senescence in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 21(3):767-85. Sharkey, P. J. and I. D. Peggie. 1984. Effects of high-humidity storage on quality, decay and storage life of cherry, lemon and peach fruits. Sci. Hortic. 23:181–190. Shemer, T. A., S. Harpaz-Saad, E. Belausov, N. Lovat, O. Krokhin, V. Spicer, K. G. Standing, E. E. Goldschmidt, and Y. Eyal. 2008. Citrus chlorophyllase dynamics at ethylene-induced fruit color-break: a study of chlorophyllase expression, posttranslational processing kinetics, and in situ intracellular localization. Plant Physiol.. 148:108-118. Smilanick, J. L., M. F. Mansour, and D. Sorenson. 2006. Pre- and postharvest treatments to control green mold of citrus during ethylene degreening. Plant Dis. 90: 89-96. Storey, R., M. T. Treeby, and D. J. Milne, 2002. Crease: another Ca deficiency-related fruit disorder? J. Hortic. Sci. Biotechnol. 77:565–571. Tatsumi, Y. and T. Murata. 1981. Relation between chilling sensitivity of cucurbitaceae fruits and the membrane permeability. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 50:108-113. Tistewart, I. and T. A. Wheaton. 1971. Effects of ethylene and temperature on carotenoid pigmentation of citrus peel. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 84: 264- 266. Trebitsh, T., Goldschmidt E-E, and J. Riov. 1993. Ethylene induces de novo synthesis of chlorophyllase, a chlorophyll degrading enzyme, in Citrus fruit peel. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:9441-9445. Treeby, M. T., R. Storey, and K. B. Bevington. 1995. Rootstock, seasonal, and fruit size influences on the incidence and severity of albedo breakdown in Bellamy navel oranges. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 35:103-108. Tugwell, B.L.and W. L. Chvyl. 1996. Modified atmosphere packaging for citrus. Proc. Int. Soc. Citric 2: 1150-1152. Van Den Berg, L. and C. P. Lentz. 1977. Effect of relative humidity on storage life of vegetables. Acta Hort. 62 : 197-202. Wang, C.Y. 1993. Approaches to reduce chilling injury of fruits and vegetables. Horti. Rev. 15:63-95. Wilson, C. L., A. ElGhaouth, E. Chalutz, S. Droby, C. Stevens, J. Y. Lu, V. Khan, and J. Arul. 1994. Potential of induced resistance to control postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables. Plant Dis. 78:837-844. Witney, G. W., M. M. Kushad, and J. A. Barden. 1991. Induction of bitter pit in apple. Sci. Hortic. 47:173-176. Yang, W. H., X. C. Zhu, S. C. Deng, H. C. Wang, G. B. Hu, H. Wu, and X. M. Huang. 2010. Developmental problems in over-winter off-season longan fruit. I: Effect of temperatures. Sci. Hortic. 126:351-358. Yokoyama, H. and C. E. Vandercook .1967. Citrus carotenoids. I. Comparison of carotenoids of mature-green and yellow lemons. J. Food Sci. 32:42-48. Young, L.B. and L.C. Erickson. 1961. Influence of temperature on color change in Valencia oranges. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 78:197–200. Z., B., Weiss, E. Lewinsohn, E. Fallik, and R. Porat. 2010. Improving taste and peel color of early-season 'Satsuma' mandarins by combining high-temperature conditioning and degreening treatments. Posth. Boil. Tech. 57:1-5.
摘要: Citrus limon Burm.f., lemon is one of the major fruit tree in Taiwan. Because the production season of lemon in Taiwan mainly in summer time (June to October) the price of lemon increases or decreases very often in a year period.If export the excessive lemon abroad, this problem will be solved.But Taiwan used to have green lemons in the meanwhile the comsumers in other contries near Taiwan most be fond of yellow lemons.If an integrate set of lemon degreening procedure could be established in Taiwan, and which in clues fast, medium and slow speed of lemon degreening, there will be a completely promising future for the lemon export industry in Taiwan. In the experiment of 2014 and 2015, degreening 'Eureka' lemon at 25°C and 30°C with 5 ppm ethylene gas. The lemons reach full color in 25°C by 9-10 days; in 30°C by 5-7 days.The fruit quality of lemon have very few changes in 25°C and 30°C. But it takes longer time at 25°C to achive fully yellow which may does harm to fruits because of long period of ethylene treatment. And then the fruit decay and bottom abscission increases.Degreen lemon at 25°C and 30°C in 0,5,10 and 100 ppm ethylene,it takes 5-6 days for lemon to reach full color in 10 ppm ethylene,and treated with 100 ppm 2,4-D liquid before ethylene treatment could reduce fruit bottom abscission rate but the effect is limited.After 5,100 ppm ethylene treatment,storaging the fruits at 13°C for 6-7 weeks which could obtain full yellow fruits.The weight loss will decrease as the storage time prolongs.The fruit titeable acid and firmness of every set at 30°C increases,and it's good for storage.If wanted to apply this degreening technique on commercial use, 25°C and 30°C with 10 ppm ethylene gas are available,the latter is with better color but it takes 0.5 days longer than the former to reach full color.Seal the fruit in gas tank and degreening at 30°C with 10 ppm ethylene for 5 days,and storage in 20-33°C without MAP(Modified atomosphere Package) for 10 days. The result shows that storaging the fruits in 33°C is with better degreening effect but with serious fruit peel water loss problem.Bagging the fruits with PE bags before storaging in 1°C and 15°C.In 1°C, there are no obvious change in fruit peel color and quality;In 15°C,the fruits get full color in 3 weeks and both of which show no physiological deterioration in fuit.Harvest the fruits at 4.5,5 and 5 months after blooming and then degreening at 25°C with 10 ppm ethylene.It needs 10-11 days for 4.5 months maturity to get full color,and for 5,5.5 months sets which takes 5-7 days to get full color.
檸檬為台灣重要的經濟果樹之一,因主要產季過度集中於夏季(6-10月),所以常有「檸檬金、檸檬土」的情形出現,若可將生產過剩的檸檬外銷出口,此問題會得到舒緩,惟國內外對於檸檬的食用習性不同,臺灣消費者習慣食用綠皮檸檬,而國外則是偏好黃皮檸檬。若能建立一套完整的檸檬催色系統,因應各種商業上的使用,檸檬的外銷將相當具有潛力。 2014及2015年的試驗中, 'Eureka' 檸檬若分別於25°及30°C下使用5 ppm的乙烯催色,25°C處理需9-10天,而30°C只需5-7天即可獲得轉色完全果實;2個溫度處理的品質皆無太大改變,惟25°C處理之乙烯處理時間長,使得腐爛率及落蒂率有較高的現象。以25°C或30°C的溫度搭配0、5、10、100 ppm的乙烯進行催色,10 ppm處理約在5-6天即可獲得轉色完全果實,於催色處理前使用100 ppm之2,4-D浸泡1分鐘可減少果實落蒂率,但效果有限。而5、100 ppm組則在乙烯處理後,需再於13°C貯藏6-7周始得到完全轉色果實,失重率隨貯藏時間上升,在30°C處理下,各組間果實酸度及硬度皆提高,適合貯運。若欲商業使用,25°C及30°C搭配10 ppm乙烯皆可,後者顏色較佳,但比前者多約0.5天的處理時間才能到達商業標準。將果實密閉於呼吸缸中,以30°C+10 ppm乙烯處理,然後裸果以20-33°C溫度貯藏10天,高溫有促進果實轉色的效果,但有嚴重失水的情形發生。將果實套上PE袋後置於1°C及15°C中貯藏,1°C貯藏之果實外表及品質並無顯著改變,而於15°C約3周即可得到轉色完全果實,貯藏6周也未出現生理劣變現象。於花後4.5、5、及5.5個月後採收檸檬果實後以25°C搭配10 ppm乙烯催色,花後4.5個月果實需10-11天,而花後5及5.5個月成熟度果實需5-7天能完全轉色。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89231
其他識別: U0005-1308201517023900
文章公開時間: 2018-08-18
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.