Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89309
標題: Research and Application of Containerized Seed Orchard of Calocedrus macrolepis var. formosana i in Taiwan
臺灣肖楠容器種子園在台灣之研究與應用
作者: Shu-Ming Lee
李淑敏
關鍵字: 臺灣肖楠;容器種子園;單親後裔;種子生產;毬果產量;發芽率;變方分析; 早期測試;生長;生物量;分叉;苗木形態指標;營養生長;生殖生長;後裔試驗;遺傳率;相關性
Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz var. formosana (Florin) Cheng & L. K. Fu; containerized seed orchard; half-sib progeny;seed yield;cone yield;germination;ANOVA;early test ;growth; biomass;forking; seedling morphological indicators;vegetative growth;reproductive
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摘要: 本研究以臺灣中部出雲山苗圃之臺灣肖楠 (Calocedrus macrolepis var. formosana) 容器種子園(containerized seed orchards, CSOs)各營養系母樹,未經開花結實促進處理,分析天然授粉(open-pollination)之種子產量、種子及苗木品質等性狀之早期表現、造林地的早期測試。以出雲山及八仙山苗圃兩處容器種子園母樹為材料,調查樹高、地徑及毬果產量,探討營養生長及生殖生長性狀之遺傳變異。為林木種子園應用與經營之研究。 經變方分析 (ANOVA) 結果種子產量於不同結種年度間及營養系間有顯著差異。種子百粒重及生長箱發芽率於3年間亦有顯著差異,但在種源及營養系間則無顯著差異。以臺灣肖楠容器種子園2006~2008年之種子產量而言,與天然母樹林類似亦有結實週期 (periodicity of fruit production) 之變化,但兩者表現不同步。以苗齡20個月的苗高及苗齡34個月苗高、地徑及生物量性狀的變方分析結果指出,各性狀表現皆於家系間呈現極顯著差異,並遺傳率皆約等於1,表示受遺傳的高度控制,可作為育種選拔的目標。苗木品質良好,惟苗木分叉性狀與生長、生物量及苗木形態指標外表型相關性分析表現殊異,各家系性狀表現經排序結果亦多有衝突,故須應用多性狀選拔法方可於早期選拔時同時兼顧生長、生物量、苗木品質與分叉性狀。 分別於2005及2006年在臺灣中部地區進行兩處後裔試驗造林,每年樹高及地徑生長快速成活率良好,遭風害影響下植株易發生風倒死亡,惟生長量仍呈倍數增加,母樹林之德基種源後裔於中低海拔初期造林生長表現也非常良好,可考慮於選拔後擇優良家系加入種子園以擴大遺傳基礎。 八仙山苗圃之容器種子園於2008年雖僅為第一年培養,但結種營養系比例、結種母樹比例、平均單株毬果產量及歷年種子產量皆比出雲山苗圃優良,又嫁接母樹不論栽植於容器或定植於苗床皆可開花結實,應為臺灣肖楠種子園設置較適當之地點,若以容器種子園則兩處苗圃皆可開花結實,是較具彈性、可靈活運用、成本較低且實務應用上可行的育種策略。 本論文研究內容分為五個章節,第一章至第三章主要為容器種子園生產種子及苗木品質之初步評估,依序為生產種子及苗木品質之初步評估、單親家系之種源、種子品質與苗木高生長之早期評估及苗木生物量及苗木品質之初步評估。第四章為容器種子園母樹之營養生長及生殖生長之相關性分析,第五章是苗木於造林地之生長表現容器種子園後裔造林試驗。
The research is based on the initial performance and analysis of the seed yield, seed quality, seedling quality and early test of plantation of the Calocedrus macrolepis var. formosana seeds which are open-pollinated without using flower-stimulating treatment. The parent trees are planted in the containerized seed orchard of Chu-yun-shan nursery where is located in the middle of Taiwan. Taking two containerized seed orchards located separately in Chu-Yun-Shan and Ba-Siao-Shan nurseries in central-western Taiwan. Various growth and reproductive characters were investigated such as tree height, root collar diameter, and cone yield.The project is researched the application and management of the seed orchard. The result of ANOVA showed that the differences of seed years and families can affect the yield of seeds. During 2006-2008, 100 seed weight and germination in growth chamber also have made significant differences. There is no significant difference between provenances and families. According to the seed yield of C. macrolepis var. formosana containerized seed orchard 2006 to 2008, it had similar variation of periodicity of fruit production to the seed collecting area. But they are not asynchrony. Following parameters were observed on 20-month seedlings: tree height and root collar diameter while total biomass were collected on 34-month plants. Analysis of variance demonstrated significant differences among families. High narrow-sense heritability also demonstrated that the above-mentioned traits were under strong genetic control and thus could be useful target for future breeding and selection. All of these results showed the early-growth characters of these seedlings are good. Other characters such as forking, growth, biomass did not show positive results in correlation analyses. Multi-trait selection might be needed in future selection programs. The progeny test was planted at two sites in the middle of Taiwan in 2005 and 2006. The additive height and root collar diameter outplant-3 year-old seedlings grew well in terms of additive height and root collar diameter and lived well first 3 years. The offspring seedlings of De-Ji provenance also grew well in high-altitude areas except there are some wind fallen trees by typhoon. It's considerable selected elite clones from De-Ji provenance that increase provenances and enlarge genetic basis for seed orchard. The Ba-Siao-Shan nursery showed better performance than Chu-Yun-Shan in terms of total seed yield, average cone yield, and reproduction rate of clones and individual trees. Grafts in containers and filed could produce substantial seeds in Ba-Siao-Shan. However, for containerized grafts both sites showed magnificent seed yield which implies that this is indeed a practical strategy for seed orchard management. The dissertation is structured in five chapters. The tropic of the first chapter is 'The primary assessment of the seed yield and quality from a containerized seed orchard in C. macrolepis var. formosana'. The second chapters is 'Early assessment of seed quality and seedling growth from containerized seed orchard's half-sib progenies of C. macrolepis var. formosana'. The third chapters is 'The primary assessment of the seedling quality from containerized seed orchard of C. macrolepis var. formosana'. The fourth chapters is 'The correlation of vegetative growh and reproductive growth of containerized seed orchard of C. macrolepis var. formosana'. Finally, The fifth chapters is 'The progeny test of half-sib progenies from containerized seed orchard of C. macrolepis var. formosana'.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89309
其他識別: U0005-2811201416173833
文章公開時間: 2014-08-31
Appears in Collections:森林學系

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