Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89379
標題: Assessment of Outdoor Classrooms for the Elementary Schools Using Environmental Education Competence Indicators
以環境教育能力指標評估國小校外教學場域之研究
作者: 王智
Zhi Wang
關鍵字: 戶外教室
校外教學
環境教育
Outdoor classroom
Outdoor education
Environmental education
引用: 1. 中華水土保持學會(2005),「水土保持手冊」,行政院農業委員會水土保持局。 2. 水保局(2012),「充實水土保持戶外教室與轉型計畫」,國立中興大學。 3. 行政院環境保護署(2010),「環境教育法」。 4. 教育部(2012),「國民中小學辦理校外教學實施原則」。 5. 教育部(1998),「國民教育階段九年一貫課程總綱綱要」。 6. 教育部(2003),「國民中小學九年一貫課程綱要重大議題」。 7. 歐用生(1993),「課程研究方法論」,復文書局。 8. 楊冠政(1998),「環境教育」,明文書局。 9. 王創顯(2003),「都會公園進行戶外教學活動之研究-以臺中都會公園為例」,國立臺中師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。 10. 王靜如(1991),「高屏地區國小戶外教學現況困難之調查分析」,屏東師院初等教育研究,第三期,第363-369 頁。 11. 王鑫(1999),「地球環境教育與永續發展教育」,環境教育季刊,第三十七期,第87-103頁。 12. 汪靜明(1990),「國內環境教育活動設計架構與特色之探討」,環境教育季刊,第五 期,第58-66頁。 13. 李典耕(2010),「水土保持戶外教室環境教育設施之研究-以臺東縣賓朗水土保持戶外教室改善規劃案為例」,國立屏東科技水土保持學系碩士論文。 14. 周儒(2001),「尋找一個環境教育的實踐場域-環境學習中心的需求與概念」,中華民國環境教育學會中華民國九十年度環境教育國際學術研討會,第72-80 頁。 15. 廖麗卿(2006),「環境教育議題融入九年一貫課程國中國文教科書之研究」,國立臺中教育大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。 16. 賴美齡(2010),「彰化縣花壇鄉灣雅水土保持戶外教室經營方式與永續發展之研究」,東海大學公共事務碩士專班碩士論文。 17. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局,http://www.swcb.gov.tw/。 18. Barker, S., D. Slingsby and S. Tilling(2002), 'A report on biology in the 14-19 curriculum.' , Teaching Biology Outside the Classroom. 19. Dillon, J.(2005), 'Engaging and Learning with theOutdoors – The Final Report of theOutdoor Classroom in a RuralContext Action Research Project.' 20. Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. (1972), (The Stockholm Declaration) 21. Kirk, J. J.(1977), 'The Quantum Theory of Environmental Education inCurrent Issues in Environmental Education.' ERIC/SMEAC 22. Oxford University Press. (1987), 'Our Common Future—The WorldCommission on Environment and Development' 23. UNCED, (1992), 'Promoting Education and Public Awareness and Training.' Agenda 21.United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. 24. Waliczek, T. M., P. Logan, and J. M. Zajicek(2003), 'Exploring the Impact of Outdoor Environmental Axtivities on Children Using a Qualitative Text Data Analysis System.', HortiTechnology, 13(4), 684-688.
摘要: 現行國民中小學九年一貫課程中,校外教學為課程與教學之一環,目的在於擴充學生知識領域、增加學習體驗、整合學習效果、深化認識臺灣,為相當重要之學習體驗課程之一。而水土保持戶外教室在政府宣導水土保持觀念的過程中,亦扮演著舉足輕重的角色,尤其在2010年通過環境教育法之後,更凸顯水土保持教育扎根之迫切性及必要性。 因此本研究以臺灣中部三處水土保持戶外教室為研究樣區,依學校教師觀點,運用水保局「101年充實水土保持戶外教室與轉型計畫」之評估參數,配合九年一貫環境教育分段能力指標,針對戶外教室之教學設施評估其作為國民小學校外教學場所之適宜性,並提出相關改善建議。 研究發現東勢林場最適合國小校外教學,蓋因其整體教學場地設備較為完善,且通過環境教育場所認證之故;大湖四份適合參觀其農藝設施,具坡地果園水土保持各類設施展示之優勢;而草屯風水坪展示內容適合以水土保持植物以及生態池營造為主,分析結果亦顯示,發展各戶外教室之特色以及建立一套生動、完整、具有故事性的互動式解說教材,是戶外教室經營的未來重要目標。
In the current Grade 1-9 Curriculum Guidelines, out of school activity is part of course and teaching. The purposes of out-of-school activity are to expand student's knowledge fields, increase learning experiences, integrate learning benefits, and deepen local cognition. On the other hand, the soil and water conservation outdoor classrooms play an important role on the promotion process of soil and water conservation concept. Especially, after the Environmental Education Acts passed in 2010, it highlights urgency and necessary of soil and water conservation education. Hence, this study selected the outdoor classrooms located in central Taiwan to provide the suggestions focusing on the facilities of the classrooms according to the viewpoints of school teachers. The evaluation parameters derived from the project of fulfilling and improvement for the soil and water conservation outdoor classrooms sponsored by the SWCB in 2012, and coupled with the index of environmental education of integrated nine-year curriculum. The results showed that outdoor classroom in Dongshi Forest Garden is the most appropriate place for outdoor education of elementary schools because the teaching equipment are more perfect and the site had been passed the authentication in environmental education. The outdoor classroom in Sifen of Dahu has the advantage of displaying soil and water conservation in hillside orchard and then is suitable for paying a visit to understand the agronomic facilities. Feng Shui Ping of Caotun is famous for its exhibitions in conservation plants and various types of vegetation engineering. Analyzed results showed that how to develop the feature and establish a set of vivid, integrated, inter-dynamic teaching material for the use of the outdoor classrooms is an important goal in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89379
其他識別: U0005-1207201419383200
文章公開時間: 2017-07-16
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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