Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89417
標題: Benefit Evaluation of Hydroseeding with Mixed Substrates in Medium Altitude Area.
中海拔地區不同基材噴植植生效益評估
作者: 吳建德
Jian-De Wu
關鍵字: 崩塌地
噴植工法
植生基材
landslide
hydroseeding
planting substrate
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摘要: 噴植工法為崩塌地植生復育常見之工法。良好之噴植植生基材可改善崩塌坡面表層土壤之理化性質,提供噴植植物種子之發芽生長環境及有助於促進爾後之植生演替系列之發展。緣此,本研究針對臺灣地區現行常用噴植材料,包括菇類廢棄木屑堆肥、樹皮堆肥、砂質壤土、黏著劑、團粒化劑等6種不同混合之基材處理進行理化特性試驗。並於南投縣信義鄉人倫林道15K上邊坡,進行野外實作試驗與後續植物生長調查分析。調查項目包括樹種發芽存活率、植物生長量與草種覆蓋率等。 依噴植基地現地調查結果,種子材料應用方面;初步顯示多花黑麥草初期強勢生長會影響其他噴植目的種子之發芽與存活。噴植基材應用方面;樹皮堆肥雖有機質含量較低,但有機質分解效率較菇類堆肥高,可短時間提供植物較多養分,進而增加植生覆蓋率與木本植物苗高生長率,亦有助於周邊環境木本植物入侵生長。而噴植基材添加菇類堆肥配合樹皮堆肥,可平衡菇類堆肥碳氮比較高、樹皮堆肥有機質含量較低等問題,另有助於植物發芽生長所需之基材特性。砂質壤土用量與化學性質相關性分析;砂質壤土含量與pH質呈正相關並與陽離子交換量(CEC)成負相關,顯示砂質壤土用量過量將會導致噴植基材肥力不足、pH質過高,對植生影響較為不利。 本研究選用台灣欒樹、鹽膚木種子進行現地噴植基材發芽生長的試驗,結果顯示鹽膚木生長密度於各處理樣區皆僅有1~5(株/)且後續生長甚為不良,而台灣欒樹發芽較整齊且生長密度約為15~20(株/),初期苗木生長呈穩定情形。估計是環境條件與現行基材之組合,仍屬不利於鹽膚木之發芽存活,未來仍須進一步廣泛試驗本土樹種與基材之改良開發利用,以提高崩塌地植生復育之效益。
Hydroseeding is a common technique for landslide revegetation. Favorable hydroseeding vegetation substrates could improve the physicochemical property of slide slope surface soil as well as enhance the organic matter and nutrient contents in soil to help the germination growth of hydroseeding seeds and promote the vegetation succession. Accordingly, 6 hydroseeding substrates with different mixed materials, including mushroom waste sawdust compost, bark compost, sandy loam, adhesive, and polisoil are proceeded physicochemical property experiments in this study. The upper slope at Renlun Forest Road 15K in Hsinyi County, Nantou County, is proceeded hydroseeding substrate field experiment and successive plant growth investigation, including hydroseeding tree germination survival rate, plant increment, and hydroseeding grass coverage. The hydroseeding base field investigation shows the effects of the strong growth of Lolium multiflorum in the initial stage on the hydroseeding seed germination and survival. In terms of hydroseeding substrates, bark composts reveal lower organic matter contents, but the organic matter decomposition efficiency is higher than mushroom composts that more nutrients could be offered for plants in short time to enhance the vegetation coverage and the growth rate of woody plant seedlings as well as assist in the invasion and growth of surrounding woody plants. Hydroseeding substrates added mushroom composts and bark composts could balance higher carbon-nitrogen ratio of mushroom compost, lower organic matter contents of bark composts, and possible desiccation polygon. Besides, it provides substrate characteristics required for plant germination growth. Regarding the correlation analysis of situ sandy loam quantity and chemical property, situ sandy loam contents appear positive correlations with pH value and negative correlations with cation exchange capacity (CEC), presenting that excess situ sandy loam quantity would result in inadequate fertility level of hydroseeding substrates and high pH value to show adverse effects on the vegetation. Koelreuteria henryi Dummer and Rhus chinensis seeds are selected as hydroseeding substrates for field germination growth experiment in this study. The results show that the growing density of Rhus chinensis in various quadrats appears merely 1~5(stem/) and the successive growth is unfavorable. Nevertheless, the Koelreuteria henryi Dummer germination is comparatively neat, the growing density appears about 15~20(stem/), and the seedling growth in the initial stage is stable. It is estimated that the environmental conditions and current substrates are adverse to Rhus chinensis germination survival. The improvement, development, and utilization of native trees and substrates require further experiments to enhance the benefits of landslide revegetation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89417
其他識別: U0005-1208201508542400
文章公開時間: 2016-08-17
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