Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89422
標題: Application of landscape indices and carbon storage to explore landuse changes at Datu terrace
應用地景指標及碳存量探討大肚台地土地利用變遷
作者: 葉洸雄
Kuang-Hsiung Yeh
關鍵字: 地景指標
碳存量
土地利用變遷
保安林
Landscape Indices
carbon storage
land-use change
protection forest
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摘要: 都會區因多為建築用地,僅少數之公園綠地可作為碳存區位,而大肚台地恰為鄰近都會區之山區,為增加碳存量之重點區位,但近年來大肚台地因地勢平緩,中部科學園區及精密科學園區等大型開發案使原本可作為碳存量補償之區位減少,因此如何維持或增加大肚台地碳存量極為重要。 本研究利用地景指標分析大肚台地1995及2008年兩期土地利用圖以了解土地變遷型態,並進行碳存量推估,據此探討碳存量與土地利用變遷之關係。結果顯示,大肚台地之土地利用多由農、林業用地轉變為草生地與建築用地,且多樣性指數由1.54增加至1.57,及均勻度指數由0.79增加至0.81,表示其變遷趨勢呈現破碎化;碳存量由1995年至2008年減少約8.51×106公噸,而以林業用地所佔比例最高,為碳存量儲存之主要區位,因此維護森林生態系是大肚台地在都市化過程中增加或維持碳存量之最佳方式。 本研究另針對保安林進行地景分析,發現北區受火燒影響,林地面積逐漸退縮;南區則因有平地造林計畫,受火燒事件影響較小,林地碳存量相對較高。由於造林之經營目的依保安林類別不同,於大肚台地宜採高碳存量之保安林,並以日後能自然演替為生態複層及最少干擾為原則的管理策略最佳。
The urban areas are almost covering by building and only a few parks can be as carbon storage. The Dadu terrace is a suitable area for carbon storage due to nearby urban areas. Recently, the compensation of carbon storage decreased in Dadu terrace because of large development such as Central Taiwan Science Park and Taichung City Refined Mechanics Industrial Park. Therefore, how to increase carbon storage is crucial in Dadu terrace. In order to explore the relationship between carbon storage and land-use change, the landscape indices and carbon storage were calculated based on 1995 and 2008 land use maps. The results show that the trends of landuse change mainly from agricultural and forestry to grass and building types, the diversity index increases from 1.54 to 1.57, evenness index enhances from 0.79 to 0.81. This depicts that the change was fragment. Amount of carbon storage deficits about 8.51×106 tons mainly from forest land during 1995 to 2008. Since the forestry is the main area for carbon storage, forestry protection in Dadu terrace is the best management practice for carbon storage under urbanization. Changes of protection forest in Dadu terrace also analized to understand the relationship of forest management and carbon storage. Areas of northern protection forest decreased due to wildfire comparing to that of southern protection forest. Carbon storage in southern protection forest is higher than that of northern protection forest. The deteriorating protection forest could be operated by the artificial reforestation project, and the stands with high carbon storage are strongly recommended to use. The concepts of minimizing disturbance should be emphasized to achieve the ecological restoration and natural succession.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89422
其他識別: U0005-1208201521373100
文章公開時間: 2018-08-21
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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