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標題: 國產稻米收穫前後農藥殘留衰減變化
Changes of pesticide residues during pre- and post harvesting period of domestic rice
作者: Taishi Masuno
關鍵字: Oryza sativa l.
pesticide reidue
husk rice
brown rice
引用: 鍬塚昭三。1994。熱帯環境中農薬挙動。熱帯農業。38:374‐375 張嘉升。2014。稻米生產安全之農藥殘留風險調查評估。國立中興大學農藝系碩士論文。台中。 行政院農業委員會農業試驗所觀測站。2014。氣象月報表。 行政院農業委員會農業毒物試驗所。植物保護手冊。 行政院農業委員會農糧署。2009。優良水稻栽培管理技術手冊。 林資哲、劉威廷、黃國益、宋濟民、李長沛、吳東鴻、賴明信。2014。台農67號榖粒充實過程動態影像變化之研究。台灣農業研究63:122-128。 陳素燕、羅怡文、蘇淑珠、周薰修。2007 。穀類及其製品有機磷劑於胺劑甲酸鹽劑殘留量調查。藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報25 :207-217。 黃玉瓊。2013 。 農作物農藥殘留量管制執行現況。 Food and Agricultural Materials Inspection Center. Fujita, T. 1966. Penetration of biological active compounds in relation to their physicochemical properties. Biophys. 6 :209 -235. Gu, Z. Y., L. X. Xu L. and L. J. Han. 2004. Action of drops of monosultap ME with different surface tension on rice leaf. Chin. J. Rice Sci. 18: 176-1800. Holland, P. T., D. Hamilton, B. Ohlin and M. W. Skidmore. 1994. Effects of storage and processing on pesticide residues in plant products. Pure Appl. Chem. 66: 335-356. Lucı´a, P., A. R. Ferna´ndez-Alba., V. Cesio and H. Heinzen. 2011. Analytical methods for pesticide residues in rice. Trends Analyt. Chem. 30: 270-290. Matsuo, T., and K. Hoshikawa. 1993. Science of rice plant. V1. Morphology. Food and Agriculture Policy Research Center. Tokyo. 686pp. Pareja, l., M. Colazzo, A. Perez-Parada, N. Besil, H. Heinzen, B. Bocking, V.Cesio and A. R. Fernandez-Alba. 2012. Ocurrence and controlled conditions in the field during rice processing. J. Agric. Food Chem. 60: 4440-4448. Ralf, N., E. K. Ulrich., V. L. Salgado and M. Kaussmann. 2003. Thiamethoxam is a neonicotinoid precursor converted to clothianidin in insects and plants. Pestic. Biochem. Phys. 62: 55–69. Shakouril, A., F. Kobarfard, H. Yazdanpanah, and M. Shojaee. 2012. Simultaneous analysis of 108 pesticide residues belonging to different chemical classes in rice samples collected from Tehran market using LC-MS/MS. Res. Pharmaceu. Sci. 7: S170. Tanigawa, H. and K. Nisihimura. 2001. Pesticide residue on brown rice produced in Nara prefecture and the conditional use of pesticide. Nara. Agr. Exp. Sta. 32: 27-32. Yamaguchi, Y. 2006. Environment and food hygiene approach. Seikatsu Eisei. 50: 283-289. Ying, X. H., X. Xia., S. H. Ying., Z. W. Zhu., M. X. Chen., L. Wang., B. Y.Cheng and J. H. Xia. 2011. Difference of pesticide residue in grains among rice cultivar. Chin. J. Rice Sci. 25: 227-230. Zanalla, R., O. D. Prestes, C. A. Friggi, M. L. Martins and M. B. Adaime. 2012. An overview about recent advances in sample preparation echniques for pesticide residues analysis in cereals and feedstuffs. Wu, J. C., J. F. Xu., X. M. Feng., J. I. Liu., H. M. Qiu and S. S. Luo. 2003. Impacts of pesticides on physiology and biochemistry of rice. Scientia Agricultura Sinica. 36: 536-541.
摘要: 摘要 稻米為亞洲人民傳統主食。隨著時代的進步,食品安全已全然成為社會上關注的重大議題之一。本試驗利用四個水稻品種台農71號(TNG71)、台南11號(TN11)、台稉9號(TK9)、台稉14號(TK14)進行試驗。除調查各品種穀粒外觀大小特徵外,分別在糊熟期施用不同農藥後,於不同天數收取稻穀,調查施藥後穀粒及糙米所殘留的農藥種類及含量。結果顯示四個水稻品種穀粒的外觀大小特徵與農藥的殘留量沒有顯著相關性。農藥施用後不同天數取樣之結果顯示,農藥的殘留量會隨著施用後的天數明顯降低,測試農藥殘留量的衰減模式大致符合指數衰減函數,可以推估施藥後不同天數的農藥殘留量,作為田間濕穀農藥殘留管制及管理作業的參考。另外,調查繳交農民濕穀時不同批次稻穀殘留農藥的種類與分布,其結果反映一般農民的用藥情況,可作為管理公糧稻穀的參考依據。
Abstract Rice (Oryza sative L.) is the most important crop in the world. With the progress of time, the food safety has become one of the major problems of concern. The experiment used four rice Taiwanese varieties TNG71, TN11, TK9, TK14. Rice plants were sprayed once a mixture pesticide at the ripening stage. After application, grain rice and brown rice were harvested at a different day respectively. The investigation revealed not only pesticide residue but also the appearance of all varieties of grain size characteristics relation with pesticide residue. At the results showed that the appearance of the four rice grains size characteristics and pesticide residues no significant correlation. However, according to the days passed, pesticide residue decline from application day by degree. Then most of decline curve model corresponded to the exponential decay. In addition, from general farmers get grain rice were invested a used pesticide and pesticide residue. On the base of two experiments, these results suggest that the use of appropriate pesticides will be a decrease in pesticide residue in rice.
其他識別: U0005-2906201516121700
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
Appears in Collections:農藝學系



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