Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90294
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributorYen-Pai Leeen_US
dc.contributor李淵百zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorYu-Yang Xieen_US
dc.contributor.author謝宇揚zh_TW
dc.contributor.other動物科學系所zh_TW
dc.date2014zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-09T03:20:12Z-
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/90294-
dc.description.abstract本研究欲探討選育、體型與外表特徵對雞隻在育成期與產蛋期行為表現之影響,並作為農民飼養管理之參考。試驗使用中興大學長期選拔產肉性狀的大體型 B品系與小體型 S 品系,以及長期保育的峨眉雞、北京油雞與絲羽烏骨雞等五品系。育成期記錄各品種於 5 至 20 週齡日間作息行為 活動位置與夜間棲息位置之變化,、產蛋期記錄各品種於 23 至 36 週齡日間作息行為之變化。 育成期各品系使用 112 隻雞,同品種公母雞各 14 隻飼養於一間附有雙層棲架之平飼雞欄。結果顯示,選育雞種的採食行為較少,飲水行為較多,在站立/走動行為、高處活動與夜間棲息位置則受到體型所影響,S 品系的站立/走動行為、日間與夜間於高處的比例顯著高於 B 品系;峨眉雞表現飼料桶採食、蹲伏行為最多,日間與夜間皆在上層棲架有較高的比例;北京油雞表現舒適行為最高,日間與夜間皆在地面較多;絲羽烏骨雞表現採食行為與站立/走動行為較高,日間活動位置在下層棲架與矮牆上有較高的比例,夜間棲息位置則以地面為多。 產蛋期各品系公雞挑選 30 隻,各品系母雞依健康狀況挑選,B 品系、S 品系、峨眉雞、北京油雞與絲羽烏骨雞分別挑選 48、51、51、52 與 40 隻飼養於巴達利式籠內。結果顯示,公雞方面,選育雞種的飲水與啄的行為較高,峨眉雞的飲食行為較高,舒適行為以北京油雞表現最高,B 品系的站立行為最高,絲羽烏骨雞的蹲伏行為最高;母雞方面,S 品系與峨眉雞飲食行為最高,舒適行為以北京油雞表現最高,B 品系的站立與警戒行為最高,峨眉雞的蹲伏行為最高。 綜合以上,在平飼環境下,選育雞種採食以飼料桶為主且速度較快,而覓食行為表現較少,表示選拔會降低雞隻的探索與學習行為;在籠飼環境下,限飼引起的饑餓感對選育雞種的影響程度較保育雞種高。選育雞種因為體型的差異使得行為表現有所不同,大體型 B 品系的棲息行為表現明顯較小體型 S 品系少;保育雞種的行為表現則因品種外表特徵有所不同。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of selection, body size and morphology to chickens behavior during rearing period and laying period. This study used two strains of NCHU selected country chickens and three conserved breeds. The selected strains including B strain with big body size and S strain with small body size, the conserved breed including Erh-Mei, Beijing Fatty Chicken and Silky. The behaviors of daytime behaviors, active location and night-time resting locations during rearing period (5-20 weeks of age), and daytime behaviors during laying period (23-36 weeks of age) were recorded. In the rearing period, each breeds used 112 chickens. Each of floor pen has been provided a two-tier perch, and each breed has 14 male and 14 female chickens in each pen. The results showed that the selected strains displayed less feed, more drink behavior than the conserved breeds, and stand/walk, active location and night-time resting location were affected by body size, and S strain show more stand/walk, daytime and night-time on higher place than B strain. Erh-Mei show more feeding and crouching behavior than other breeds, and stayed more frequently on upper-perch in daytime and night-time. Beijing fatty chicken show more comfort behavior than other breeds, and stayed more frequently on ground in daytime and night-time. Silky show more feeding and stand/walk behavior than other breeds, and stayed more frequently on lower-perch and wall in daytime, and more often on ground in night-time. The female and male chickens were moved to cage at 21 and 22 weeks of age, respectively. Thirty males were chosen from every breed, and based on their health condition, B strain, S strain, Erh-Mei, Beijing Fatty Chicken and Silky were respectively had 48, 51, 51, 52 and 40 females been housed in battery cages. The results showed that, in males, selected chicken show more drink and peck behavior. Erh-Mei shows more ingestive behavior. Beijing fatty chicken shows the most comfort behavior. B strain has the most stand behavior. Silky has the most crouch behavior. In females, S strain and Erh-Mei shows the most ingestive behavior. Beijing fatty chicken show the most comfort behavior. B strain shows the most stand and alert behavior. Erh-Mei show the most crouch behavior. In conclusion, selected strains feeding behavior was more concenatrated at the feeder, faster of eating and less forage behavior than conserved breeds. It's mean the selection will decrease chickens investigating and learning behavior. Under restricted feeding, selected strains show higher desire for food than conserved breeds. The selected strains' behavior were affected by body size, B strain's perching behavior were less than S strain significantly. The conserved breeds' behaviors were significantly different between breeds due to morphology.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents壹、前言 .............1 貳、文獻探討 .............3 一、雞隻種原保存與選育之利用 .............3 (一)峨眉雞 .............3 (二)絲羽烏骨雞 .............4 (三)北京油雞 .............5 (四)B 品系 .............6 (五)S 品系 .............6 二、行為研究之重要性 .............13 (一)動物的行為.............13 (二)馴化與選拔對動物的影響.............14 三、雞隻日間作息行為.............15 (一)飲食行為.............16 (二)舒適行為 .............21 (三)休息行為 .............24 (四)活動行為.............29 (五)棲息行為 .............32 四、雞隻夜間棲息位置.............38 參、材料與方法 .............41 一、試驗雞隻 .............41 二、試驗處理 .............41 三、試驗設計 .............41 四、飼養管理 .............42 (一)育成期 .............42 (二)產蛋期 .............42 五、防疫計畫 .............45 六、生長性狀測定 .............45 (一)體重測定 .............45 (二)腳脛測量 .............46 七、行為觀察 .............46 (一)育成期行為觀察 .............46 (二)夜間棲息位置.............47 (三)產蛋期行為觀察.............47 八、統計分析.............48 (一)育成期日夜作息 .............48 (二)產蛋期日間作息.............50 (三)生長性狀.............51 肆、結果與討論 .............52 一、生長性狀 .............52 (一)體重 .............52 (二)腳脛長度 .............52 二、育成期日間作息行為.............55 (一)飲食行為.............55 (二)舒適行為 .............64 (三)休息與站立走動行為.............69 三、育成期日間活動位置.............75 四、育成期夜間棲息位置.............84 五、雞隻性成熟後於籠飼內之日間作息行為 .............91 (一)飲食行為 .............91 (二)舒適行為 .............100 (三)蹲伏與活動行為 .............106 伍、結論.............119 陸、參考文獻 .............120 柒、附錄.............136zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWzh_TW
dc.rights同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2016-07-16起公開。zh_TW
dc.subjectzh_TW
dc.subjectNOen_US
dc.titleThe Comparison of Behavior during Rearing and Laying Period among Erh-Mei Chicken, Beijing Fatty Chicken,Silky and NCHU Selected Country Chickenen_US
dc.title峨眉雞、北京油雞、絲羽烏骨雞與興大選育土雞於育成期及產蛋期行為表現之比較zh_TW
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationen_US
dc.date.paperformatopenaccess2016-07-16zh_TW
dc.date.openaccess2016-07-16-
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