Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90336
標題: Daytime behaviors and night-time resting locations of six local chicken breeds in the sex-intermingled floor pens
六個地方雞種於公母合飼平飼雞欄之日間作息行為與夜間棲息位置
作者: Iat-Cheong Tong
董日鏘
關鍵字: 地方雞種
行為
動物褔祉
local chicken
behaviors
Animal Welfare
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摘要: 本研究調查研究信義、竹崎、花東、金門、石岐與名古屋等地方雞品種在公母合飼下從5至16週齡的日間作息行為與夜間棲息位置之變化。每品種使用120隻雞,同品種公母雞各15隻混和飼養於一間設有雙層棲架之平飼雞欄,比較品種、週齡階段、日間時段與性別在日間作息行為、活動位置及夜間棲息位置的差異。結果顯示,石岐雞表現最少的飲食行為而有最大的體重,且蹲伏行為最高,已偏向肉用雞種;金門雞體重最輕,但卻有較多的飲食行為;名古屋雞表現最少的站立/走動行為;舒適行為則以花東雞與名古屋雞表現較多。性別顯著影響日間作息行為,公雞比母雞表現顯著較少的覓食行為,卻有較多的飼料桶採食與飲水行為。母雞表現顯著較多的舒適與站立/走動行為,而公雞則有顯著較多的休息行為。所有的雞在清晨與傍晚都有較多的飲食與站立/走動行為,中午與下午時段表現較多的飲水、舒適與休息行為。在日間,信義雞與竹崎雞在高處活動的比例高於其他品種,而在夜間,以花東雞在棲架上棲息的比例最高(66.03%),金門雞則幾乎不使用棲架(1.64%)。綜上所述,週齡階段、性別與日間時段對雞隻的作息行為有很大的影響,而不同地方品種也有明顯的差異,尤其是在夜間所處的位置,品種間的差異更加明顯。
Hua-Tung, Hsin-Yi, Ju-Chi, Quemoy, Shek-Ki and Nagoya are six breeds of local chicken that preserved by National Chung-Hsing University. In order to understand ethograms of local chickens, daytime behaviors and night-time resting locations of six local chicken breeds were observed from 5 to 16 weeks of age. There were one hundred twenty birds for each breed that were raised in floor pens. We compared daytime behaviors, active locations and night-time resting locations of different breeds, age-stages, daytime periods and sexes. The results showed that Shek-Ki performed the least ingestive behavior, but it had the heaviest body weight, while show more crouch than other breeds, which is similar to commercial meat-type chicken. Quemoy had the lightest body weight, but spent more time at feeder than other breeds. Nagoya show less stand/walk than other breeds. Hua-Tung and Nagoya displayed more comfort behavior than other breeds. Sex significantly affected daytime behaviors. Males displayed significantly less foraging behavior than females, but displayed more feeder feeding and drinking behavior. Females had significantly more comfort and stand/walk behaviors, while males had a significantly more resting behavior. Birds displayed more ingestive, stand/walk behaviors in the morning and evening, and more drink, comfort and rest behaviors at noon and in the afternoon. During the day, Hsin-Yi and Ju-Chi stayed on the perch more often than other breeds, but at night, Hua-Tung rested on the perch at most (66.03%), while Quemoy almost used no perches (1.64%). In conclusion, the birds behaviors were affected by age-stage, daytime period and sex, and also were significantly different among the six breeds. Especially their location at night were pronounced different among different breeds.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90336
文章公開時間: 2016-01-28
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