Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90351
標題: 利用植物油和蕈狀芽孢桿菌防治草莓害蟲效果評估
Evaluation of the potential of plant oils and Bacillus mycoides in controlling two species of strawberry pests
作者: 陳麗仰
Li-Yang Chen
關鍵字: 蕈狀芽孢桿菌
植物油
二點葉螨
桃蚜
植物性殺蟲劑
生理性殺蟲劑
微生物防治
Tetranychus urticae
Myzus persicae
plant oil
Bacillus mycoides
botanical insecticide
biorational insecticide
microbial control
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摘要: After the green revolution, a large amount of chemical fertilizers and pesticides have been applied to agriculture plantation to increase crop production. Overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides have raised numerous problems related to environmental hazards and food safety. To minimize these problems, scientists began to develop alternative methods in a hope to reduce the use of toxic chemicals. Plant oils and the combination with Bacillus mycoides can be ones of possible alternatives as a non-pesticide agent to control plant pests. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of plant oils and the combination with Bacillus mycoides on controlling insect pests, including the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) and the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae), on strawberry. Effect of five plant oils, including sunflower seed oil (SF), peanut oil (PN), soybean oil (SY), moringa oil (MO) and coconut oil (CO) on the mortality of the green peach aphid and the two-spotted spider mite was evaluated with the oils sprayed or dropped on strawberry leaves. The Results showed that emulsified moringa oil, peanut oil and coconut oil at 200-fold dilution caused 95%, 65% and 55% mortality on the green peach aphid, respectively. Emulsified coconut oil at 200-fold dilution were able to reduce the offspring reproduction of the green peach aphid by 90%, while the moringa oil and peanut oil reduced the aphid offspring reproduction by 55%. Emulsified moringa oil at 100-fold, 200-fold and 500-fold dilution caused 100%, 76% and 64% mortality of the two-spotted spider mite, respectively. While the coconut oil at the same dilutions caused 60%, 88% and 44% of mite mortality, respectively. As the plant oils were sprayed to the strawberry leaves, and aphids allowed to contact with the oil film on the leaves, the moringa oil at 250-fold dilution also caused higher aphid mortality (75.52%) than the coconut oil (50.62%). Furthermore, combinations of emulsified moringa oil and the Bacillus mycoides isolates BM103, BM104 and BM105 were also tested for their synergistic effects on inducing the aphid mortality. Results showed that the combination of moringa oil and Bacillus mycoides isolate BM103 was the most effective one (causing 33.56% of aphid mortality) compared to the other combinations. This study indicated that plant oils such as moringa oil, peanut oil, coconut oil, and soybean oil have the potential as botanical insecticide for controlling the aphid and acarine pests on strawberry. However, further investigations under the field conditions are needed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90351
文章公開時間: 2015-08-06
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