請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90398
標題: 紙漿汙泥堆肥化研究
The research of composting pulp sludge
作者: 張家澄
Chia-Cheng Chang
關鍵字: 紙漿汙泥
堆肥化
有機質肥料
事業廢棄物
pulp sludge
compost
organic fertilizers
waste
引用: 中文參考資料 工業污染防治技術服務團。1994。工業污染防治技術手冊之生物接觸曝氣法,經 濟部工業局。 王證凱。2009。高效堆肥化技術處理茶葉渣廢棄物之研究。嘉南藥理科技大學環 境工程與科學系。 中興大學土調中心。2012。肥料試驗方法。中興大學 中國國家標準。CNS3802。纖維水泥板。 中國國家標準。CNS 14890 A2287。再生纖維水泥板。 台灣區造紙工業同業公會。2004。造紙產業介紹。台灣區造紙工業同業公會。 行政院環保署。2006。廢棄物清理法。 行政院經濟部。2007。經濟部事業廢棄物再利用管理辦法。 行政院經濟部。2009。經濟部事業廢棄物再利用種類及管理方式。 行政院農業委員會。2010。肥料種類品目及規格。 行政院農委會。2012。肥料管理發規彙編。 行政院環保署。2013。全國事業廢棄物申報統計。 行政院環保署。2014。汙泥處理現況檢討及因應策略。 行政院環保署統計資料庫http://waste.epa.gov.tw/prog/IndexFrame.asp?Func=5 邱梅玲。2007。三種不同製程的廚餘堆肥之成份及養分釋出特性研究。國立中興 大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。 林財旺。1994。禽畜糞堆肥化處理。堆肥技術及其利用研討會論文集。第230~249 頁。 林睿呈。2012。蚓糞堆肥及禽畜糞堆肥之單獨或混合施用對甘藍生育及土壤肥力 之影響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。 周中麟。2006。台灣造紙產業經營策略之個案研究:Hafeez 鑑別核心能力結構化 方法之應用。 陳寺良。2002。「台灣加入WTO後對造紙業之影響」,中山大學國際高階經營碩士 學程專班碩士論文。 陳大川。2004。台灣紙業發展史。台灣區造紙工業同業公會出版。 陳仁炫。2008。禽畜糞堆肥調製。禽畜糞堆肥製作及施用手冊,。中華民國乳業 協會編印。第11-19頁。 陳仁炫、鍾仁賜、黃裕銘、鄒裕民、陳鴻基、吳正宗。2008。土壤與肥料分析手 冊(一)土壤化學性質分析。中華土壤肥料學會。 陳仁炫、鄭智馨、姚銘輝、王鐘和、賴鴻裕、陳吉村。2011。土壤肥料管理對生 態環境與農業生產力之影響研討會論文集。國立台灣大學農業化學系。 張文英。2001。台灣家戶有機廢棄物堆肥化處理之政策研究。國立東華大學自然 資源管理研究所碩士論文。 許智偉。2010。好氧堆肥及蚯蚓處理造紙汙泥之研究。國立中央大學環境工程研究所碩士在職專班。 曾國力。1997。施用有機複合肥料對水稻玉米輪作產量土壤肥力及養分吸收之影 響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。 黃裕銘、陳仁炫、吳正宗。2000。全省禽畜糞堆肥場堆肥成分分析手冊。中興大 學。 黃孝信。2005。堆肥技術與設備手冊及案例彙編,經濟部工業局。 黃孝信。2006。堆肥技術與設備手冊及案例彙編。經濟部工業局編印。 楊萬發。1993。造紙工業。經濟部工業局。 楊萬發。1997。事業廢棄物堆肥處理技術手冊,經濟部工業局彙編。 盧至人。2006。造紙廢水處理設施功能評估與改善對策之研究。國立中興大學環 境工程學系在職專班碩士學位論文。 謝哲松。1999。活性汙泥處理法,茂昌圖書有限公司。 顏偉益。2010。評估有機廢棄物的特性對蚯蚓生長生殖及蚯蚓糞肥的影響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。 鍾文俊。2010。事業廢棄物堆肥之品質評估與應用。國立中興大學土壤環境科學 系研究所碩士論文。 蘇裕昌。2002。台灣紙業界之現況及未來的展望,VOL,No4,漿紙技術。 英文參考資料 Aparna, C., P. Saritha, V. Himabindu, and Y. Anjaneyulu. 2007. Techniques for the evaluation of maturity for composts of industrially contaminated lake sediments. Waste Management, doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.07008. Bernal, M. P., J. A. Alburquerque, and R. Moral. 2009. Composting of animal measures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment. A review. Bioresource Technology. 100:5444-5455. Bremner, J. M., and C. S Mulvaney. 1982. Nitrogen-total. P. 592-624. In. L. Page (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. 2nd ed.ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. Kansal,A. 2002. Soil waste msnagement strategies for India.Indian Journal of Enviroment Protection. 22:441-450. Beffa, T., M Blanc, and M. Arango. 1996. Obligately and Facultatively Autotrophic, Sulfur and Hydrogen Oxidizing Thermophilic Bzcteria Isolated from Hot Composts. Arch Microbiol. 165:32-42. Cangialosi, F., G. Intini, L. Liberti, M. Notarnicola, and P. Stellacci. 2008. Health risk assessment of air emissions from a municipal soild wastenext term incineration plant- A case study. Waste Management. 28:885-870. Epstein, E. 1997. The science of composting.Technomic Publishing Company. Lancaster. Pennsylvania. USA. Eggen, T., and O.Vethe. 2001. Stability indices of different composts. Compost. Sci. Util.4,6-12. Entry, J. A., B. H. wood, J. H. Edwards, and C. W. Wood. 1997. Influence of organic by-products and nitrogen source on chemical and microbiological status of an agricultural soil. Biol. Fertil. Soils 24:195-205. Fang, M., J. W. C. Wong, K. K. Ma, and M. H. Wong. 1999. Co-composting of sewage sludge and coal fly ash: nutrient transformations, Bioresour. Technol. 67:17-26. Fu, M.H., X.C.Xu, and M.A.Tabatabai. 1987. Effect of pH on nitrogen mineralization in corp residu-treated soils. Boil. Fertil. Soils 5:110-120. Garcia,C., T.Hernandez, F.Costa, and M.Ayuso. 1992. Evaluation of the maturity of municipal waste compost using simple chemical parameters. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 23:1501-1512. Harada,Y. 1991. composting and application of animal waste.ASPAC/FFTC Extension Bulletion No. 311:19-32. Haga,K. 1991. Production of compost form organic wastes. ASPAC/FFTC Extension Bulletion No. 311:1-20. Inbar,Y., Y.Hadar,and Y.Chen.1993.Recycling of cattle manure:the composting process and characterization of maturity.Journal of Enviromental Quality.22:857-863. Jimenea,E.J., and V.P.Garcia.1989.Evaluation of city refuse compost maturity-a review. Biological Wastes27:115-145. Jones,J.B.,and J.B.Jones.Jr.2001.Laborator Guide for Conducting Soil Tests and Plant Analysis.CRC Press. Kulcu,R., Sonmez,I., Yaldiz, O., and Kaplan,M.2008. Composting of spent mushroom compost, carnation waste, chicken and cattle manures. Bioresource echnology.99: 8259-8264. McLean, E. O. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. P. 198-223.In A L. Page et al.(ed.) Methods of soils. Commun Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 20:725-735. Mickinley,V.l.,and J.R.Vestal.1985.microbial activity in composting Biocycle 26:35-45. Mor, S., K. Ravindra, A. Visscher, R.P. Dahiya, and A.Chandra. 2006. Municipal soild waste characterization and its assessment for potential methane generation:A case study. Science of The Total Environment. 371:1-14. Nelson, D.W., and L.E. Sommers. 1982. Total carbon, and organic matter. P.539-579. In A L. Page (ed.) Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. 2nd edition Agronomy. ASA. Madison. WI. Nair, J., and Okamitsu.2010.Microbial inoculants for small scale composting of putrescible kitchen waste. Waste Management. 30:977-982. Ranalli,G., G. Bottura, P. Taddei, M. Garavani, P.marchetti, and C. Sorlini. 2001. Composting of soild and sludge residues from agricultural and food industries.Bioindicators of monitoring and compost maturity.J.Environ.Sci.Health36:415-436. Rynk, R. 2003.The art in the science of compost maturity. Compost Science & Utilization . 11(2):94-96. Suthar, S. 2009. Vermistabilization of municipal sewage sluge amended with sugarcane trash using epigeic Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta). J.Hazard. Master.163:198-210. Szegi,. 1988. Cellulose decomposition and soil fertility. Chapt. VI. The acticity of cellulolytic microorganisms under different environmental conditions. p. 86-125. Sugahara, K., Y. Harada, and A. Inoko. 1979. Color change of city refuse during composting process. Soil Sci. Plant Nutri. 25:197-209. Sharon,Z.N., O.Markovitch,J. Tarchitzky, and Y.Chen. 2005. Dissolved organic carbon(DOC) as a parameter of compost maturity.Soil Biol.Biochem. 37:2109-2116. Talyan, V., RP. Dahiya, and T. R Sreekrishnan. 2008. State of municipal solid waste management in Delhi, the capital of India. Waste Manage. 28:1277-1290. Weppen,P. 2002. Determining compost maturity: evaluation of analytical properties. Compost Sci.Util.10,6-15. Zucconi, F., A. Pera, M. Forte, and M. deBertoldi. 1981. Evaluating toxicity of immaturity compost. Biocycle 22:52-59. Zucconi,F., A.Pera, M.Forte,and M.de Bertoldi.1981.Evaluating toxicity of immature compost.Biocycle.22:54-57.
摘要: Recycling of paper sludge treatment manual drain materials, insulating materials, fireproof materials and composting. Pulp sludge contains organic matter, nutrients required for crops and low metal content, suitable for composting, resource recycling, echoing the slogan of the love earth energy saving and environmental protection. This study of pulp sludge mixed three different adjustment sheet (mushroom medium waste, cow manure and bark compost) to bucket method for composting process after three weeks, group composition characteristic of analytical tests, applying changes of soil fertility of soil get compost products again after filling, learn the difference between the two. Other cabbage pot, the establishment of chemical fertilizers (CF) and no fertilizer in the control group (Blank, BK) to assess six pulp sludge compost on spinach growth, nutrient absorption and the effect of soil nutrient availability. Component analysis showed that after composting total potassium oxide and organic matter content is below the miscellaneous composting regulations standards, mainly due to cause low potassium content of pulp sludge, heavy metal parts were within regulations set standards, foster showed that application of pulp sludge composts can increase the effectiveness of soil composition. Pot experiments showed that pulp sludge (PS) composting because composting, resulting in application affect the growth of plants, compost application and not added composting treatment group compared with the increasing yield of water spinach. The results pointed out that although waste pulp sludge, its ingredients are in compliance with regulations and standards to make organic fertilizers or soil improvers, with very good handling. This research use of compost added to composting reduce the high temperature period.
紙漿汙泥的再利用處理方式有人工瀝料、保溫材料、防火建材及製成堆肥等。紙漿汙泥含有機質、作物所需養分和低重金屬含量,適合製成堆肥,若能資源回收再利用,亦可呼應節能環保愛地球的口號。本研究探討紙漿汙泥分別混合三種不同調整材(菇類培植廢棄包、牛糞堆肥及樹皮堆肥),以桶式方法處理經三周的堆肥化過程,分析試驗組的成分特性,施入土壤後之土壤肥力的變化;取堆肥後的成品再一次回填,從中了解兩者間之差異。另以空心菜盆栽方式,設立化學肥料(CF)及不施肥的對照組(Blank,BK),評估六種紙漿汙泥堆肥對空心菜生長、養分吸收及土壤養分有效性的影響效應。成分分析結果顯示,堆肥後之全氧化鉀及有機質含量皆低於雜項堆肥法規之標準,主要是紙漿汙泥之鉀含量不高原因所導致,而重金屬部分皆未超出法規訂定之標準值,培育結果顯示,紙漿汙泥堆肥的施用可以增加土壤吸收成份之有效性。盆栽試驗結果顯示,紙漿汙泥堆肥處理因未腐熟,導致在施用後影響空心菜之生長,其他堆肥之施用與未添加堆肥之處理組相較之下皆能增加空心菜之產量。本實驗結果指出,紙漿汙泥雖為事業廢棄物,其成份含量皆符合法規標準來製成有機質肥料或土壤改良劑,為再利用非常好的處理方式。本研究利用堆過堆肥回加至做堆肥可以讓堆肥化縮短高溫期。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90398
文章公開時間: 2018-08-27
顯示於類別:農業企業經營管理碩士在職專班

文件中的檔案:
檔案 大小格式 
nchu-104-5101085015-1.pdf2.42 MBAdobe PDF檢視/開啟


在 DSpace 系統中的文件,除了特別指名其著作權條款之外,均受到著作權保護,並且保留所有的權利。