Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/9063
標題: 串並聯電池組之全平衡管理
Full Balance of Battery Pack in Series/Parallel Connection
作者: 彭釉喆
Peng, You-Zhe
關鍵字: 鋰電池
LiFePO4
電池管理系統
市電並聯
換流器
BMS
on-grid
inverter
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1] Y. S. Lee and M. W. Cheng, “Intelligent control battery equalization for series connected lithium–ion battery strings,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1297–1307, 2005. [2] Y. S. Lee and G. T. Cheng, “Quasi-Resonant zero-current-switching bidirectional converter for battery equalization applications,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1213-1224, 2006. [3] C. H. Kim, Y. D. Kim, G. W. Moon and H. S. Park, “Individual cell voltage equalizer using selective two current paths for series connected li-ion battery strings,” in Proc. Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pp. 1812 – 1817, 2009. [4] S. H. Park, T. S. Kim, J. S. Park, G. W. Moon and M. J. Yoon, “A new two-switch flyback battery equalizer with low voltage stress on the switches,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, pp. 511 – 516, 2009. [5] Y. C. Hsieh, C. S. Moo, and W. Y. Ou-Yang, “A bi-directional charge equalization circuit for series-connected batteries,” IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics and Drives Systems, pp. 1578-1583, Nov.-Dec. 2005. [6] C. S. Moo, K. S. Ng and J. S. Hu, “Operation of battery power modules with series output,” IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, pp. 1 – 6, 2009. [7] N. H. Kutkut, H. L. N. Wiegman, D. M. Divan, D. W. Novotny, “Design considerations for charge equalization of an electric vehicle battery system,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 35, pp. 28-35, 1999. [8] W. Hong, K. S. Ng, J. H. Hu and C. S. Moo, “Charge equalization of battery power modules in series,” IEEE International Power Electronics Conference (IPEC), pp. 1568-1572, 2010. [9] 昇陽國際半導體, “40138-LFP General Specification,” http://www.psi.com.tw/data_center.asp?set=a. [10] 台灣立凱電能科技股份有限公司, “Comparison of Secondary Batteries,” http://www.aleees.com/en/support/engpp1.pdf. [11] 吳鎮亞,“串並聯電池組之平衡充放電管理,” 國立中興大學電機工程學系,民國一百年七月。 [12] K. S. Ng, C. S. Moo, Y. C. Lin and Y. C. Hsieh, “Investigation on intermittent discharging for lead-acid batteries,” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 4683 – 4688, 2008. [13] 王起鑫,“電動機車之鋰電池充電器開發製作,” 國立虎尾科技大學電機工程系,民國九十九年七月。 [14] O. Erdinc, B. Vural, and M. Uzunoglu, “A dynamic lithium-ion battery model considering the effects of temperature and capacity fading,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Clean Electrical Power (ICCEP’09), pp. 383-386, 2009. [15] L. Gao, S. Liu and R. A. Dougal, “Dynamic lithium-Ion battery model for system simulation”, IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 495-505, 2002. [16] M. Chen and G. A. R. Mora, “Accurate electrical battery model capable of predicting runtime and I-V performance”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 504-511, 2006. [17] 陳柏僑,“數位化多模組太陽光電能轉換系統之研製,” 國立中興大學電機工程學系,民國一百年七月。 [18] M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics Circuits Devices, and Applications, Prentice Hall, 2004.
摘要: 近年來由於人們對環保的概念越來越被重視,因此像電動汽車這種低汙染的交通工具越來越盛行,電動汽車的動力來源就是鋰電池組,為了不損害電池的壽命,必須要有良好的電池管理系統,電池管理系統須具備平衡電量與隔離保護之功能,本文所提出的電池管理系統具備以上功能,此系統為全平衡管理系統,具備了放電、充電和靜態平衡的功能,所謂靜態平衡指的是沒有能量進出的情況下完成電池間的電量平衡。此系統在電池組放電期間不僅能達到平衡放電之功能,也可滿足輸出所需之功率。電池組充電時期間本系統能依據各個電池狀態個別地調整充電電流,在靜態模式下,讓電池組中快要低於截止電壓的電池,藉由其他的電池對此電池進行充電,這也是為了減少未來進行動態平衡所需的時間。本系統還可以應用在任意串並聯電池組上,使多顆電池同時進行放電和同時進行充電的情況下,還可以保護且有效的管理個個電池。 由於電池組輸出為直流電,這會限制電池組的應用範圍,為了增加電池組的應用範圍,因此必須設置直流電轉交流電的換流器,為了能讓轉換出來的交流電與市電並聯使用,因此必須讓輸出電壓的頻率與市電頻率同步,本研究使用一觸發電路感測市電端之零交越點,提供換流器輸出電流與電壓追蹤之參考。
In recent years, people around the world pay more and more attention to environmental protection. This low-pollution Electric Vehicles become increasingly popular. The Electric Vehicles power source is the LiFePO4 battery pack. In order not to damage the LiFePO4 battery pack lifetime, there must be an efficient battery management system (BMS). A qualified BMS must has self-balance capacity and has the function of battery protection. Therefore, this research proposed BMS with the function described above. This system is with full balance of battery pack in series and parallel connection. Full balance contains discharging, charging, and static balance. The static balance means that battery pack reached voltage balance where is no external power supplied. The system during discharges the BMS not only balance all batteries, it also meet the require of output power. During charge, the BMS can adjust individually charging current based on each battery state. For the static balance mode, where battery with voltage is about to lower the cut-off voltage, the system will make other batteries to charge the battery. It is also to reduce the required time for dynamic balance. The system also can be used in any serial-parallel battery pack which allows multiple batteries discharge and charge simultaneously. The system is equipped with the battery protection function as well. Since the system output is DC power. This limits its practical applications. A DC to AC voltage connection is also included in this system so that it is able to offer AC voltage directly. This research uses a trigger circuit to sense the mains side of the zero-crossing point. It provides a tracking reference to the inverter output voltage.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/9063
其他識別: U0005-2208201311474700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2208201311474700
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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