請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90983
標題: 人類群聚傾向於建築逃生出口規劃模式之探討
Particle Swarm Simulation of Escape Movement in the Exiting Design
作者: 莊家榮
Chia Jung Chuang
關鍵字: dependence
Particle Swamp Optimization
引用: 參考文獻 [1]黃席樾、向長城、殷禮勝著,現代智能算法理論及應用(第2 版),中國,科學出版社,2009 [2]王凌、劉波著,微粒群優化與調度算法,中國,清華大學 出版社,2008 [3]紀震、廖惠連、吳青華著,粒子群算法及應用,中國,科學出版社,2009 [4]Angeline, P. J., Using selection to improve particle swarm optimization, IEEE Evolutionary Computation, 84-89,1998 [5]Chunming, Y. and Dan S., A New Particle Swarm Optimization Technique, 18th International Conference on Systems Engineering 164-169,2005 [6]Clerc, M. and Kennedy, J., The particle swarm-explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space, IEEE transactions on evolutionary computation, Volume 6, Issue 1, 58-73,2002 [7]林卓毅,'以模糊聚類法及粒子群最佳化建構崩塌地之專家判釋系統',台灣,中興大學土木工程碩士論文,2011 [8]林政毅,'避難系統設計自編講義',台灣,吳鳳科技大學,2013 [9]Andreas Schadschneider, Wolfram Klingsch, Hubert Kluepfel, Tobias Kretz, Christian Rogsch, Armin Seyfried,'Evacuation Dynamics: Empirical Results, Modeling and Applications 'Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science (Editor-in-Chief: R.A. Meyers), pages 3142-3176 ,Springer, 2009 [10]Xiaoshan Pan, Charles S. Han, Ken Dauber and Kincho H. Law,' A multi-agent based framework for the simulation of human and social behaviors during emergency evacuations', AI & Society Volume 22, Number 2, 113-132,2007 [11]C. W. Reynolds, 'Flocks, herds, and schools: A distributed behavioral model,' Proc. of the ACM SIGGRAPH'87 Conf. on Computer Graphics, Anaheim, California, Vol.21, Issue 4, pp.25-43, Jul,1987 [12]S. R. Musse and D. Thalmann, 'Hierarchical model for real time simulation of virtual human crowds,' IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Vol. 7,Issue 2, pp.152-164, Apr.-Jun, 2001 [13]D. Helbing, I. Farkas, and T. Vicsek, 'Simulating dynamical features of escape panic,' Nature, Vol. 407, Issue 1, pp. 487-490, 2000 [14]Zhao Yong-Wei, Jian Xian-Wen, Zheng Zhen- Chong, Analysis on the Occupant Safe Egress Time for the Underground Rapid Transit Station , Journal of Disaster Mitigation and Rescue Central Police University,2002 [15]蔡政宏'台鐵台北車站避難逃生時間計算評估之研究',碩士論文,中華大學建築與都市計劃學系,新竹,2002 [16]鄭琮琰'大型空間展覽場展覽活動之避難安全評估之研究'-以台北世貿展覽館為例,碩士論文,中原大學室內設計研究所,桃園,2003 [17]陳火炎'建築物消防避難之研究',碩士論文,中央警官學校,警政研究所,桃園,1982 [18]陳玠佑,'弱勢人員防火避難等待空間規劃原則初探',內政部建研所成果報告,2009 [19]戶川喜久二,'根據群眾流觀測避難設施之研究',日本, 日本建築研究報告,1955 [20]田中哮義,'建築火災安全工學入門',日本,財團法人日本建築中心, 2001 [21]郭厚村,'具人類群聚傾向於建築規劃之最佳決策模型',台灣,中興大學土木工程博士論文,2011 [22]陳相宇,'研究行人煙霧環境下避難之擁擠行為模擬',台灣,大同大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文,2008
摘要: 台灣史上幾起重大火災造成嚴重死傷的案件,幾乎都是民眾只知單一出口,當出口處已被火攻陷,則造成逃生無門之窘境。因此對於一般住家或是公共場所政府相關單位均再三宣導任一居室必須有兩個出口以上,並且強調逃生出口處不要堆積雜物及不上鎖,避免發生災害時逃生受阻礙。 一般群眾避難逃生時的行為,都會出現群聚的效應的依賴性性格,這種類型的行為表現,主要是讓別人替他作重要事情的決定,或是跟隨群體的行動來行動,特別是緊急避難逃生決策時,依賴性強的人會倚賴群體的行動;但如果是受過避難逃生訓練的人,則會有較強的主見,自己找尋出口,但是也可能因為主見強,沒有參考其他對象,反而需要花更多的時間才能找到出口。 由於粒子群演算法(Particle Swarm Optimization,PSO)之最佳化演算法技術,主要藉著觀察水中魚群或空中鳥群作群體活動的動物行為作為構想。藉由個體間相互傳遞的訊息與群體共享的概念,對整體作出更好的行為修正,逕由模擬隨機個體組成之群體以及個體之間的資訊傳遞演化過程來完成最佳解之預測。在此乃利用粒子群最佳化演算法的方法,進行群眾避難逃生時的行為模擬,並針對建築物避難逃生出口數對避難時間的影響進行探討。
Among some of the most serious and fatal fire accidents in Taiwan, the majority of citizens could recognize only one exit when realizing they were stuck with no more possibilities to find other available emergency exit due to the capturing of the fire at the exit. Therefore the government authorities repeatedly advocate that residence bedrooms and public locations must hold two or more exits and that to avoid difficulties to escape from the deadly fire, there should be no accumulations of debris and trash, and exit doors should not be locked in any situation. The optimal algorithm of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) takes advantage of the concept of fish population in water or bird flock in sky. The group action can be remodeled by means of communication among individuals and by means of idea contribution to group. The prediction of the optimal solution can be gained by the assimilation of random combinations of individuals and by the optimal procedures of individual communication. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the assimilation model of normal people's behaviors during evacuation and escaping. Furthermore, the study also aims to explore the correlation between the number of emergency exits and the evacuation time.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90983
其他識別: U0005-1601201412014900
文章公開時間: 2017-01-21

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