Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/91143
標題: 以Zigbee網路為基礎之無線燈控系統
A Wireless Lighting Control System built on top of A Zigbee Network
作者: 陳建旭
Chien-Hsu Chen
關鍵字: Wireless
Zigbee
無線
基礎
引用: [1] 蘇世瀛, '一種利用RSSI為依據針對ZigBee無線網路節能的方法,' 國立中興大學資訊科學與工程學研究所,,2008. [2] 黃種瑋, '基於Zigbee之即時室內定位系統開發,' 國立中興大學電機工程學系碩士論文, 2008. [3] ZigBee Documents 03244, Application Support Sub-Layer Specification (Version 1.0)ZigBee Alliance (2004). [4] 華亨科技, '華亨科技Zigbee 無線定位開發系統-IEEE 802.15.4標準Zigbee協定範, ' http:// www.ie.ksu.edu.tw/data/zigbee 定位/手冊/IEEE802.15.4標準和Zigbee協定規範.pdf, 2011. [5] 瞿雷,劉盛德,胡咸斌, 'ZIGBEE技術及應用,' 機北京航空航天大學, 2007年 [6] Vadym Samosuyev, 'BLUETOOTH LOW ENERGY COMPARED TO ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH CLASSIC,' Bachelor´s Thesis Information Technology 2010. [7] NXP Corporation, 'JN-DS-JN5139-001-1V9, 'Available: http://www.jennic.com/files/product_briefs/JN-DS_JN5139-001-1v9.pdf, 2010. [8] NXP Corporation, 'JenNet Stack User Guide,' 2010. [9] 黃義杰, http://w3.phmhs.phc.edu.tw:81/hyj/history/04627-10.pdf, 2012. [10] Sergio Silva, Telmo Fernandes, Antonio Valente and Antonio Moreira, 'Coexistence and Interference Tests on a Bluetooth Low Energy Front-End,' Science and Information Conference 2014, pp.1014-1018. [11] Matti Siekinen, Markus Hiienkari, Jukka K. Nurminen, Johanna Niemine, 'How Low Energy is Bluetooth Low Energy? Comparative Measurements with ZigBee/802.15.4,' Wireless Communications and Networking Conference Workshops (WCNCW), 2012 IEEE, pp.232-237. [12] Mohamad Omar AI Kalaa, Hazem H. Refai, 'Bluetooth Standard v4.1: Simulating the Bluetooth Low Energy Data Channel Selection Algorithm,' Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps), 2014, pp.729-733. [13] Gautham.r.in, Vaaibhav.m.lodd, Anand.vignesh, 'Low Cost Cloud Based Intelligent Farm Automation System Using Bluetooth Low Energy,' Humanitarian Technology Conference (R10-HTC), 2014 IEEE Region 10, pp.127-132. [14] R. S. Hsiao, D. B. Lin, H. P. Lin, C. H. Chung and S. C. Cheng, 'Integrating Zigbee Lighting Control Into Existing Building Automation Systems, ' Information Science and Control Engineering 2012(ICISCE 2012), IET International Conference on, 2012, pp. 1-5. (use lower case letters) [15] Osterlind, F., Pramsten, E., Roberthson, D., Eriksson, J., Finne, N. and Voigt, T., 'Integrating Building Automation Systems and Wireless Sensor Networks, ' Proc. of the 12th IEEE Conf. on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (EFTA 2007), Patras, Greece, Sep. 2007, pp. 1376-1379. [16] Amritpal Kaur, Jaswinder Kaur, Gurjeevan Singh, 'An Efficient Hybrid Topology Construction in Zigbee Sensor Network,' Recent Advances and Innovations in Engineering (ICRAIE), 2014, pp. 1-6. [17] G.M Tamilselvan, Dr.A.Shanmugam, 'Multi Hopping Effect of Zigbee Nodes Coexisting with WLAN Nodes in Heterogeneous Network Environment,' Cognitive Wireless Systems (UKIWCWS), 2009 First UK-India International Workshop on, 2009, pp. 1-6. [18] Y. Shin, W. Chung, P. Hsiu, A. Pang, 'A Mobility-Aware Node Deployment and Tree Construction Framework for ZigBee Wireless Networks,' Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transaction on, 2013, pp. 2763-2779. [19] W. Guo, W. Healy, M. Zhou, 'Interference Impacts on ZigBee-based Wireless Mesh Networks for Building Automation and Control, ' Systems, Man, and Cybemetics (SMC), 2011 IEEE International Conference on, 2011, pp. 3452-3457. [20] Mohamad Omar Ai Kalaa, Hazem H. Refai, PhD, 'Bluetooth Standard V4.1: Simulating the Bluetooth Low Energy Data Channel Selection Algorithm, ' Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps), 2014, pp. 729-733. [21] A. Dementyev, S. Hodges, S. Taylor, J. Smith, 'Power Consumption Analysis Of Bluetooth Low Energy, ZigBee and ANT Sensor Nodes in a Cyclic Sleep Scenario, ' Wireless Symposium(IWS), 2013 IEEE International', 2013, pp. 14-18. [22] Kok Seng Ting, Gee Keng Ee, Chee Kyun NG, Nor Kamariah Noordin, Borhanuddin Mohd, 'The Performance Evaluation of IEEE 802.11 against IEEE 802.15.4 with Low Transmission Power, ' Communications(APCC), 2011 Asia-Pacific Conference', 2011, pp. 850-855.
摘要: In recent years, due to the shortage of energy and global climate change, the concept of carbon reduction has become a mass movement. In particular, the energy saving of home utility is crucial. The energy consumption of the lighting system constitutes a significant portion of the home utility. The efficiency of the lighting control not only affects the brightness perceived by human eyes but also the power consumption. In this thesis, an efficient lighting control and energy saving system accomplished through a wireless based control network is investigated. With the advances of semiconductor and wireless communication technologies, various wireless control network solutions have been developed. Among them, the Zigbee system, featuring flexible network topology, low power consumption, small physical size, low cost, and moderate data rate, has been widely adopted in many applications, such as digital home, green building, industrial control and environmental monitoring. Moreover, highly integrated SoC (system on chip) solutions for Zigbee network are commercially available and can be adopted as the backbone of the proposed lighting control system. Based on this platform, a Zigbee sensor network oriented wireless lighting control system for home utility is developed. This system supports both the protocols of IEEE 802.15.4 and JenNet system. A total of 5 communication protocol layers are implemented in this design, which includes physical (PHY) layer, medium access control (MAC) layer, network & security layer, application frame work layer, and application layer. The chosen SoC for system implementation supports both the protocols of IEEE 802.15.4 and JenNet. In our design, the protocols of PHY and MAC layers comply with the IEEE 802.15.c standard. From network & security layer up to the application layer, the JenNet's protocols are followed. In addition, APIs are provided for developing application programs. In terms of the control network configuration, a tree topology is adopted. The network consists of a coordinator, several routers and end devices. The coordinator is in charge of the entire network and is attached to the host control PC, through which the network can be configured and set up. The coordinator is also facilitated with a Bluetooth interface so that devices such as mobile phones equipped with Bluetooth module can control the network directly. The role of the router is two-fold. It not only controls the lighting devices but also relays the control messages from the coordinator to other routers or end device. This helps realize a flexible network configuration where lighting devices can be easily added to or removed from the network. The end device is mainly used for implementing the remote controller of the system. It can enter a sleep mode to conserve the energy. Finally, a demo platform consisting of one coordinator, 4 routers and 4 lighting devices was developed. The system can perform continuous level of dimming control of each individual lighting device. It also supports several predefined ambiance lighting settings. The implementation results indicate that, besides the function of lighting control, the proposed system achieves the benefits of energy saving as well.
近年來因為全球能源短缺、氣候變遷,節能減碳已成為全民運動,而家庭的用電節能更是其中重要的一環。一般家庭用電中,與照明相關的部分佔了很大的比重。照明的燈光明暗度除了對於人類的視覺上有明顯的差異外,對於能源的消耗上也有明顯的不同。要如何透過無線網路技術加以有效地運用及管理,是本論文探討的主題。 隨著半導體與無線通訊技術不斷的進步,已提供多種完整的無線網路解決方案。其中Zigbee具有拓撲能力好、低功耗、低成本及有效傳輸率等特性,故已廣泛應用在數位家庭、綠色建築、工業控制及環境監控等領域。而具有SoC特性的Zigbee無線感測網路產品,更已是市場主流,因此選為本燈控系統的控制骨幹。 據此,本論文完成一個以Zigbee感測網路為架構的家庭無線燈控系統,以「無線」方式取代「有線」的佈建,以「數位」方式取代「類比」訊號控制。在網路協定上,我們總共實現了五個通訊層(layer),包括實體層(PHY)、媒體存取控制層(MAC)、網路及安全(Network & Security)、應用架構(application framework)以及應用層(application)。選用的晶片系統可同時支援IEEE及JenNet[8]的通訊協定。PHY及MAC層是採802.15.4的標準,而網路及安全到應用層是採JenNet的標準,並提供API作為應用程式的開發。在網路的架構上,我們使用Tree的拓樸,包含了一個coordinator,多個router以及end device元件。其中coordinator可與host PC連接,做整個網路的設定與控制,並且提供與藍芽裝置的溝通機制,可以讓具有藍芽功能的裝置例如像手機直接控制整個系統。而router則除了連結燈具控制之外,還負責傳遞coordinator訊息給其他網路上的節點以及初始網路架構的建立。其優點是能提供更為彈性的網路拓樸,以方便燈具的增減。End device元件則是用來實現網路的獨立遙控裝置,可進入休眠狀態,以達到節能的效果。我們並完成了一個demo的平台,提供了無段式的dimming control,以及不同的照明情境設定。而實際實驗結果也證明了除了照明控制之外,本系統也可達到節能的效果。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/91143
其他識別: U0005-2408201523513000
文章公開時間: 2018-08-28
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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