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標題: LED燈照射培養北蟲草菌生產二次代謝產物及其動力學之探討
Study on secondary metabolites production by Cordycep militaris in the submerged culture under LED illumination and kinetic modeling
作者: Chung-Hua Kho
關鍵字: Cordyceps militaris
submerged culture
kinetic modeling
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摘要: 菇類具有許多生物活性,如抗腫瘤、免疫調節、降血壓、降血糖、降膽固醇、抗細菌及病毒、延緩骨質疏鬆等保健功效。北蟲草為一種食藥用菇菌,含有許多生物活性物質,如腺苷、蟲草素、多醣體、蛋白多醣、核酸等,同時富含高營養價值。應用液態醱酵培養菇類,生產菌絲體及代謝產物具有培養週期短、品質較穩定、易於商業化大規模生產等優點。因此,以液態培養方式進行北蟲草菌絲體及生物活性物質生產是極值得被研究探討之題材。 本論文主要以北蟲草菌Cordyceps militaris應用液態發酵培養配合LED燈照射,對菌絲體生長及代謝產物胞外多醣體(EPS)及蟲草素生產之探討。結果顯示,以光強度為1.0μmole/sec-m2綠光照射培養,為生產菌絲體及胞外多醣之最佳光源,最大產量分別為21.05 g/L及2535.24 mg/L;光強度為1.0 μmole/sec-m2白光照射培養,為生產蟲草素之最佳光源,最大產量為170 mg/L. 以動力學模型模擬不同光波長LED燈照射培養對菌絲體及胞外多醣體生產之模式,以求出最適波長光源,同時比較實驗結果及模擬結果之差異。模擬結果顯示,菌絲體生產以紅光為最適,其比生長速率為3.780 day-1;胞外多醣生產以綠光為最適,其理論比產率可達604.30 mg g-1。
Mushroom contains many biologically active compounds, claimed to possess anti-tumor, immune regulation, anti-bacteria and anti-viruses activities long with many other health effects. Cordyceps militaris was reported to contain a lot of bio-active components such as adenosine, cordycepin, exo-polysaccharides, protein polysaccharides and nucleic acids. The application of the submerged culture of mushroom was expected to reduce cultivation time, stabilize product quality, and realize the scale-up process. In this study, different intensity and wavelength LED lights were used in C. militaris culture. The green LED with intensity 1.0 μmole/sec-m2 was found to be the most helpful for mycelial biomass growth and exo-polysaccharides (EPS) productions. The maximum biomass and EPS production were 21.05 g/L and 2535.24 mg/L, respectively. In the other hand, white LED with intensity 1.0 μmole/sec-m2 was found to be the most helpful for cordycepin production. The maximum production of cordycepin can reach 170 mg/L. In order to study the kinetic of C. militaris mycelial biomass and EPS production under different LED lights, the experimental data were used to simulate the kinetic model. The simulation result indicated that, red LED was the best light source for mycelial growth with the specific growth rate of 3.780 day-1. In contrast, the green light is the most suitable light source for EPS production with the specific productivity of 604.30 mg g-1. The modeling results were consistent to the experimental result.
其他識別: U0005-1707201518150100
文章公開時間: 2018-07-28
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所



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