Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/91544
標題: 具有雙丙烯基之聚醯亞胺及聚氧代氮代苯并環己 烷之合成與物性
Synthesis and properties of diallyl-containing and polyimide and polybenzoxazines
作者: Wong, Tung I
汪東誼
關鍵字: NO
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摘要: 1.本實驗合成出一種含有雙丙烯基之雙酚(1),1,1-雙(3-丙烯基-4-羥基苯基-1-(6-氧-6 氫-二苯<c,e><1,2>氧磷雜己烯-6-基)乙烷(1),然後將(1)與 4-氟硝基苯利用親電取代反應後,以鐵/鹽酸還原,製備出含雙丙烯基之雙胺(3),1,1-雙(3-丙烯基-4-(4 -氨基苯氧基-苯基-1-6-氧-6 氫-二苯<c,e><1,2>氧磷雜己烯-6-基)乙烷(3),將(3)與二酸酐 ODPA 在間-甲酚中加入少量異喹?進行縮合反應可得到具有可固化特性且柔韌的聚醯亞胺(4),330OC 固化溫度下,可以得到熱固性聚醯亞胺(5)。而我們將探討丙烯基數量對於聚醯亞胺之 Tg、熱膨脹係數、熱穩定性的影響與先前的數 據相比,我們發現聚醯亞胺有著 2 個丙烯基顯示出較優異的性質相較於只有一個丙烯基,而一個丙烯基更優於不含丙烯基。 2.接著本研究合成出含雙丙烯基之三種不同的 polybenzoxazine,並經由 1H-NMR 及 FTIR 鑑定其結構正確。之後更進一步將所得高分子配成溶液,塗佈後加熱固化形成一可撓之薄膜材料,並以 DMA、TGA、楕圓偏光儀進行測試。結果顯示其 Tg 較小分子型還高,且利用丙烯基可反應特性導入不同 mole% 之 Bismaleimide,dma 測試中可發現有效提高 Tg,而從 TGA 測試中觀察到導入後仍維持不錯之熱穩定性。
1. A diallyl-containing biphenol,1,1-bis(3-allyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-(6-oxido-6H -dibenz <c,e><1,2> oxaphosphorin-6-yl)ethane (1), was prepared. Then, a diallyl-containing diamine,1,1-bis(3-allyl-4-(4-aminophenoxy)-phenyl)-1-(6-oxido-6H-dibenz <c,e><1,2> oxaphosphorin-6-yl)ethane (3), was prepared from the nucleophilic substitution of (1) with 4-fluoronitrobenzene, followed by the reduction by Fe/HCl. A flexible polyimide (4) with a curable characteristic was prepared from the condensation of (3) and 4,4′-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA) in m-cresol in the presence of isoqunoline. Curing polyimide (4) at 300 oC leads to thermosetting polyimide (5). We discussed the amount of allyl group on Tg, coefficient of thermal expansion, and thermal stability of thermosetting polyimide by comparing the previous data. We found that polyimide with two allyl groups shows better properties than that with one allyl group, and in turn, better than that without allyl group. 2. The three types of diallyl-containing polybenzoxazines were prepared and characterized with 1H-NMR and FT-IR. The resulting polymers were dissolved, cast, and cured to a flexible films, and investigated with DMA,TMA, TGA, Ellipsometry. The glass transition temperature was better than monomer-type benzoxazine. The allyl group were further reacted with different molar ratio of bismaleimide, and the Tg was increased and still remained great thermal stability in resulting thermosets.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/91544
其他識別: U0005-2005201510464500
文章公開時間: 2018-07-15
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