請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/91658
標題: 以過硫酸鈉強化電動力技術復育受雙酚A污染土壤之研究
Electrokinetic Remediation of Bisphenol A from Soil coupled with Sodium Persulfate
作者: Sin-Sheng Yin
尹新勝
關鍵字: 雙酚A
過硫酸鈉
電動力復育
bisphenol A
sodium persulfate
Electrokinetics
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摘要: 在20世紀90年代,一些科學家提出,某些化學物質由於其結構與生理功能和人體或動物體內內分泌雌激素類似,可能會破壞其內分泌系統,因此稱其為「內分泌干擾素」(Endocrine disrupter,簡稱ED)。本實驗所使用之污染物為雙酚A,屬於工業用化合物,大多用於奶瓶、食品罐頭內膜、醫療儀器、家用電子產品等,其會隨者食物鏈之生物濃縮、放大等效應,經由攝食進入生物體內或市售之添加產品在使用過程中進入到人體與內分泌系統產生交互作用,造成自身免疫系統的疾病。 電動力整治技術為一種現地處理法,其優點之一為相較其他處理程序於低滲透土壤中,具有良好效果。過硫酸鈉為目前最常用於現地污染整治之氧化劑,所生成之過硫酸根離子(E0=2.01),還可生成硫酸根自由基(E0=2.5~2.6)氧化力僅略小於氫氧自由基(E0=2.8)。因此本研究將利用過硫酸鈉之氧化能力結合電動力法處理受雙酚A之低滲透土壤。 本研究架構分為兩個部分,第一部分為以氯化鎂作為電解液,探討氧化劑最佳添加位置,之後再以最佳添加位置,探討不同氧化劑濃度對去除雙酚A之影響。第二部分將改以氫氧化鈉為電解液,探討鹼性環境下是否氧化劑會受到添加位置的不同而造成去除成效的影響。首先Test 1~Test 3分別為無添加氧化劑、4.2 mM氧化劑添加於陽極槽和4.2 mM氧化劑添加於陰極槽。結果顯示固相移除率分別為18.9%、46.8%和76.9%,液相殘留率分別為2.38%、1.19%和4.04%,氧化去除率分別為17.8%、45.6%及73.8%。由液相殘留率可看出大部分的雙酚A都留在土讓中受到氧化劑的去除,除了對照組可能受到經由氯化鎂所生成之次氯酸根的氧化外其餘的組別以Test 3效果最好,因此在探討氧化劑濃度對雙酚A去除效益時都以添加至陰極槽為主。 之後的實驗中Test 4為氧化劑濃度調低至2.1 mM,Test 5則為調高至6.3 mM,結果顯示Test 4和Test 5之固相移除率分別為59.7%和65.8%,液相殘留率分別為5.65%和1.33%,氧化去除率分別為55.1%和65.8%。將氧化劑濃度調高有助於雙酚A的降解,徜若持續提高對於雙酚A之去除效益反而會受到限制。 最後改以氫氧化鈉為電解液,在實驗中Test 6為無添加氧化劑,Test 7及Test 8分別為4.2 mM氧化劑添加於陽極槽與陰極槽,結果顯示Test 6~Test 8之固相移除率分別為98.0%、92.6%及99.0%,液相殘留率為98.0%、75.9%及66.6%,氧化去除率分別為0%、17.0%及32.7%。對照組如此高的液相殘留率說明去除雙酚A大多僅做到「相」的轉移,雙酚A受到氧化劑去除的量不高,由於較高之電滲透流,使得氧化劑與雙酚A被沖至槽體外,因此雙酚A可能受到未活化之氧化劑降解。 整體來說以氯化鎂為電解液,將4.2 mM之氧化劑添加於陰極槽時雙酚A的去除率最好。以氫氧化鈉為電解液時能產生較高之電滲透流,被沖出槽體外之雙酚A大多受到未活化之氧化劑降解。以兩種不同之電解液,添加氧化劑處理受雙酚A污染之土壤,結果顯示氧化劑添加於陰極槽效果較佳。
In the 1990s, some researchers have found that there are some chemical substances similar to the biological hormones that may contaminate to human health and environment. These substances are collectively referred to as 'endocrine disruptors'. The contaminant used in the experiment is bisphenol A, which can be found in baby bottles, canned food endometrium, medical equipment and home electronics products. Electrokinetics is the most effective approach to recover pollutants from soils with low hydraulic conductivity. Persulfate anion (S2O8-) is a form of oxidant currently being used for in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) remediation of organic contaminants. Persulfate has a redox potential of Eo = 2.01 V. In addition, sulfate radicals(E0 = 2.6 V) could be produced via electrolytic activation of persulfate anions, also remediation of organic contaminants. This study will add sodium persulfate to enhance electrokinetic to remove contaminants of BPA from soil. The study program would be divided into two parts. The first part used Magnesium chloride(MgCl2) as the electrolyte, in order to investigate the best injection pot of oxidant. And then impact of different oxidant concentration on the removal of bisphenol A was evaluated. The second part used sodium hydroxide(NaOH) as the electrolyte, in order to investigate whether the removal rate would be affected by adding oxidant in different injection pot in alkaline environmen. The First test group includes Test 1 to Test 3. Test 1 added no oxidizing agent; Test 2 added 4.2 mM oxidizing agent to the anode and in Test 3 to the cathode.The result shows that the removal rate from the solid phase in Test 1 to Test 3 were 18.9%, 46.8% and 76.9%, of liquid residual were 2.38%, 1.19% and 4.04%, respectively, that implies the removal rates due to oxidation were 17.8%, 45.6% and 73.8%. As could be seen most of bisphenol A are oxidized in the soil by the oxidant. Overall,Test 3 has the best removal and oxidation rates because the oxidant was added in the cathode. Therefore,various concentrations of the oxidant were added in the cathode for the second group test. In the second group, the oxidant concentration was 2.1 mM in Test 4 and it was raised to 6.3 mM in Test 5. The result shows that the removal rate from the solid phase in Test 4 and Test 5 were 59.7% and 65.8%, respectively, of liquid residual were 5.65% and 1.33%, that implies the removal rates due to oxidation were 55.1% and 65.8%. Therefore, the increase of oxidant concentration will did not improve the removal of bisphenol A. The third test group includes Test 6 to Test 8 using sodium hydroxide(NaOH) as the electrolyte. Test 6 added no oxidizing agent; Test 7 added 4.2 mM oxidizing agent to the anode and in Test 8 to the cathode, The result shows that the removal rate from the solid phase in Test 6 to Test 8 were 98.0%, 92.6% and 99.0%, of liquid residual were 98.0%, 75.9% and 66.6%, respectively, that implies the removal rates due to oxidation were 0%, 17.0% and 32.7%. Because of the high electroosmotic flow, such that the oxidizing agent and bisphenol A rapidly flushed out of the system, therefore, bisphenol A has no time to be degraded by the oxidant. Overall, Magnesium chloride (MgCl2) as the electrolyte, can achieve the best removal of bisphenol A by adding 4.2 mM of oxidizing agent in the cathode slots. When sodium hydroxide(NaOH) as the electrolyte can produce a higher electroosmotic flow, causing the highest removal rate of bisphenol A from the soil. The comparison of the two different electrolytes, with the addition of an oxidant to treat soil contaminated by bisphenol A, indicates that the oxidant increase the remediation efficiency by four folds.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/91658
文章公開時間: 2018-06-25
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