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標題: 光線與風對南仁山欖仁溪森林動態樣區樹種葉性狀之影響
Effects of light and wind on leaf traits of tree species in the Lanjenchi Forest Dynamics Plot, Nanjenshan
作者: Ruei-Cyuan Lu
關鍵字: 樹冠光照度
crown illumination
forest structure
functional trait
northeast monsoon
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摘要: Both wind and light are important environmental factors in a forest ecosystem. Plants growing in a strong wind or high light environment often show similar features of leaf traits. The aim of this study is the first time to explore the both effects of strong wind, light environments and related environmental factors on leaf traits of trees in a forest, and to compare the interspecific and intraspecific differences. The study site is located in the Lanjenchi Forest Dynamics Plot (Lanjenchi FDP) in Nanjenshan, Taiwan, where constantly exposed to northeast monsoon during late autumn to early spring. Seven tree species with widely distribution range were selected for this study, which can be found in three types of habitats, including windward region, leeward region and valley. The individuals which had better crown illumination status than others in the same habitats were chosen for collecting leaves. For each individual, leaves were collected from four quarters where the division is based on canopy layer (upper and lower) and the canopy direction facing the northeast monsoon or not (northeast and southwest). Eleven morphological and anatomical leaf traits were measured. The results showed that most of the leaf traits of many species have no significant difference among habitats where were exposed to different degrees of prevailing wind speeds. The effects of canopy direction are also insignificant on most of the leaf traits. However, the effects of canopy layer and crown illumination are significant on most of the leaf traits and show interspecific consistency. Therefore, light may show more critical influences than strong wind on the leaf traits. In addition, the results indicate that the crown illumination statuses among habitats show interspecific inconsistency, and each species possesses better crown illumination statuses in its dominant habitat. These results could be due to (1) the differences of forest structure among habitats and (2) the differences of habitat-specific dominancy among species. Both of the two causes are influenced by northeast monsoon in the Lanjenchi FDP. Although the results revealed that light has direct and significant effects on the leaf traits, the adaption of forest community to the stress of strong wind might be the indirect cause, affecting the wind and light microenvironments of individuals.
在森林生態系中,風與光皆為重要的環境因子。而植物在強風與高光照的環境下,葉性狀會表現相似的特徵。本研究旨在首次共同探討強風和光照相關環境因子對森林樹木葉性狀的影響,並比較種間和種內之表現異同。研究地點位在台灣南部的南仁山欖仁溪森林動態樣區,當地每年秋天至隔年春天期間盛行東北季風。研究材料為迎風區、背風區以及溪谷區3種生育地內皆有的7種廣泛分布樹種。採樣對象挑選自各生育地內光照度較佳之個體,每株個體依照樹冠層次高低與季風風向將樹冠分為4區塊進行葉片採樣,並測量11項葉形態和解剖性狀。 研究結果發現大部分樹種在多數葉性狀表現上並未反映其生育地間的風速差異,樹冠方向對葉性狀的影響也多不呈顯著。反觀樹冠上下層次以及個體樹冠光照度對葉性狀的影響則較顯著,並且於樹種間有較一致的趨勢。此顯示光照相關因子對葉性狀的影響可能比強風相關因子的影響更重要。此外,本研究亦發現不同樹種在各生育地之間的個體樹冠光照度並不一致,各樹種在其優勢度較高的生育地內具有較佳的樹冠光照度。本研究推論導致各樹種於生育地間具光環境差異的原因有二:(1)生育地間森林結構的差異,(2)各樹種不同的生育地優勢度,而此兩者皆與欖仁溪樣區受東北季風的影響有關。因此,本研究結果雖然指出光環境對葉性狀表現的直接影響較顯著,但也認為森林群聚(此一適應強風逆境的結果)可能間接影響樹木個體強風與光照的微環境,進而影響葉性狀之表現。
文章公開時間: 2016-01-28
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所



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