Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93127
標題: 國際干預實踐在南亞-以斯里蘭卡坦米爾民族衝突為例
International Intervention Practices in South Asia - A Case Study of Tamil Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka
作者: 洪典元
Tien-Yuan Hung
關鍵字: 斯里蘭卡
猛虎組織
坦米爾
內戰
人道干預
Sri Lanka
The LTTE
Tamil
Civil War
Humanitarian Intervention
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摘要: In May 2009, Sri Lankan President Rajapaksa adhere to military means to resolve the ethnic conflict under, the capture of the Tamil Tigers last stronghold, the end of the 30-year civil war. Today, however, Sri Lanka's ethnic grievances, does not seem to resolve because of the civil war and reconstruction process conflicts arise, the development of the political system so that the public concerns, and are noted in the report after the war, at the end of the war and deal with war practice after the transaction, triggering humanitarian disaster talk and by the international community's concern and criticism. Concept of human rights has been developed as a universal value, in the development of humanitarian intervention after repeated evolution occurs frequently in the international community after the Cold War. However, in the case of Sri Lanka, which, in general, can be considered legitimate authority of the UN Security Council to intervene, even when there is no discharge into any formal agenda, and in several major national or regional organizations, nor to interfere with humanitarian grounds as positive. This development makes us think, what the standard of international humanitarian intervention? What factors influence the international community to interfere in Sri Lanka? This paper will examine the Sri Lankan civil war development situation of domestic ethnic conflicts, and analyzes of the international community in the Sri Lanka conduct humanitarian intervention internal conditions and external environment, assess sovereign countries face the event's attitude and act, and explain to the United Nations International humanitarian intervention mechanism as the main body, and how to respond to the humanitarian crisis and the difficulties faced happened in Sri Lanka, the final analysis under negative amassing international community to intervene in Sri Lanka, the development after the end of the civil war and how the future will establish a new political order.
2009 年五月在斯里蘭卡總統 Rajapaksa 堅持以軍事手段解決民族衝突 之下,攻下坦米爾猛虎組織最後據點,結束持續進 30 年的內戰。然而時至 今日,斯里蘭卡境內的民族恩怨,似乎沒有因為內戰結束而化解,重建過 程衝突不斷出現,政治體制的發展讓各界擔憂,且在戰後的各項報告皆指 出,在戰爭末期及處理戰後事務的做法,引發人道災難議論而受到國際社 會的關注和指責。 人權觀念發展至今已為普世價值,人道干預的發展在歷經多次演變, 於冷戰之後頻繁的在國際社會中發生。然而在斯里蘭卡案例當中,在一般 認定能夠合法授權進行干預的聯合國安全理事會,甚至沒有排入任何正式 議程當,而在幾個主要國家或區域組織,也沒有以人道為理由的積極干預 作為。這樣的發展不禁讓我們思考,究竟國際人道干預的標準為何?是甚麼 樣的因素影響了國際社會干預斯里蘭卡事件的政策? 本論文將檢視斯里蘭卡內戰末期至今,國內民族衝突的發展概況,並 分析國際社會對斯里蘭卡內進行人道干預的內部條件及外部環境,評估個 主權國家面對該事件的態度及作為,並說明以聯合國為主體的國際人道干 預機制,如何因應在斯里蘭卡發生的人道主義危機及所面臨的困難,最後 分析斯里蘭卡再再國際社會的消極介入之下,內戰結束之後的發展以及未 來將如何建立新的政治秩序。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93127
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
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