Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93128
標題: 中印在印度洋角力下斯里蘭卡外交政策之研究
The Study of Sri Lanka's Foreign Policy Between the Competition of China and India in Indian Ocean Region
作者: 白漢唐
Han-Tang Bai
關鍵字: 
no
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Sureesh Mehta(2007),'Freedom to Use the Seas:India's Maritime Military Strategy',New Delhi:Integrated Headquarters Ministry of Defense(Navy). Spinetta, Lawence(2006),' The Mallcca Dilemma: Countering China's String of Pearls with Land-Based Airport', School of Advanced Air and Space Studies Air University,Alabama. Sergei DeSilva-Ranasinghe(2010),'Sri Lanka-The New Great Game',Future Directions International,Independent Strategic Analysis of Australia's Global Interests,pp1-5. Womack, Brantly(2006),' China and Vietnam:The Politics of Asymmetry', NY: Cambridge University Press. W.Howard Wriggins(1960),'Ceylon:Dilemmas of a New Nation',Princeton:Princeton University Press. (二)Journal Articles Adam P. MacDonald,'China's Maritime Strategy:A Prolonged Period of Formulation',Canadian Naval review,Vol.8,No.4,2013,pp9-13. Brian Orland,'India's Sri Lanka Policy-Towards Economic Engagement',Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies,No.16,2008,pp1-25. Cheng-Chwee,kuik,'The Essence of Hedging:Malaysia and Singapore's Response to a Rising China',Contemporary Southeast Asia,Vol.30.No.2,2008,pp159-185. Dittmer, Lowell, 'The Strategic Triangle: The Elementary Game-Theoretical Analysis,' World Politics, Vol. 33, No.4, 1981,pp659-663. Dennis Rumley,Timothy Doyle,Sanjay Chaturvedi, 'Securing the Indian Ocean?Competing Regional Security Constructions',The Indo-Pacific Governance Research Center,Issue 3,pp.1-8. Frances X. Hogan,'The Hickenlooper Amendments:Peru's Seizure of International Petroleum Company As a Test Case,'Boston College Law Review,Vol.11.Issue 1,1969,pp77-89. Hannes Ebert,Daniel Flemes and Georg Strüver,'The Politics of Contestation in Asia:How Japan and Pakistan Deal with their Rising Neighbor',2012 IPSA World Congress of Political Science,2012,p2-27. Joseph Chinyong Liow, 'Malaysia-China Relations in the 1990s: The Maturing of a Partnership' Asian Survey, Vol. 40, No. 4,2000,pp672-691. J.Mohan Malik,'South Asia in China's Foreign Relations',Pacific Review,Vol.13,No.1,2001,pp73-90. Keohane Robert,'Lilliputians Dilemmas:Small States in International Politics',International Organization,Vol.23,No.2,1969,pp291-310. Liwen Qin,'Securing the China Dream:What Xi Jinping wants to Achieve with the National Security Commission(NSC)',MERICS,No.4,2014,pp1-8. Mike Mochizuki,'Japan's shifting strategy toward the rise of China',Journal of Strategic Studies,Vol. 30,Issue 4-5,2007,pp739-776. Narayan Swamy,'India-Sri Lanka Accord:Does It Still Flicker?Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies',IPCS Issue Brief,No.50,2007,pp1-4. Nathniel Barber,Kieran Coe,Victoria Steffes,Jennifer Winter, 'China in the Indian Ocean:Impacts,Prorects,Opportunities,'Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs',pp 1-38. R.Hariharan,'Leadship impact on India-Sri Lanka Strategic Security Dynamics',Scholar Warrior,Spring,2013,pp87-99. R.M.Henry,'The Foreign Policy of Ceylon Under Two Premiers',Australian Outlook,Vol.14.Issue 1,1960,p69. Randall L. Schweller,'Bandwagoning for Profit:Bringing the Revisionist State Baack In',International Security,Vol.19,1994,pp72-107. Vijay Sakhuja, 'The Maritime Silk Route and the Chinese Charm Offensive',Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies,(The Maritime Great Game Edtition),pp1-16. Waltz,Kenneth N. (1979),' Theory of International Politics', NY: Mcgraw-Hill. Waltz, Kenneth N. (1979),' From Bandwagon to Balancing-of-power olitics: Structural Constructions and Politics in China,1949-1978',NY: Mcgraw-Hill, 1979 (三)Electronic Resources A. 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摘要: Studies of the mainstream of international relations tend to ignore the value of small countries and interactive relationship between big countryies and small countries. But the rising of regional great power who is pursuiting the leadership in the region, often deliberately draw or oppression small countries integrating into its sub-system. Sri Lanka is located in the middle of Indian Ocean Region(IOR) which is close to India for dozens kilometers.If some competiting regional great power control Sri Lanka will cause severe influence in national security to India. Sri Lanka got the autonomy from the British in 1948,it tended to maintain good relationship with India with supporting Non-Aligned Policy,mediating the boder dispute of China and India in 1962.South Asian tsunami damaged Sri Lanka's ecnomy and took many lifies in 2004,China's aid recovery Sri Lanka's economy with rising great economic power,even solved the 26-year civil war between SL Army and LTTE with selling offensive weapons.The situition of China's affect getting strong in IOR deepen the suspicion of India.This study main discussion is what foreign policy Sri Lanka will take between the competition of China and India in IOR. On discussion of a small country's foreign policy, scholars develop 'alliances or non-aligned' or 'balancing or bandwagoning', as well as 'engagement and hedging' strategies. I hypothesized that a small country (Sri Lanka) in the absence of foreign aid for its powerful neighbor circumstances, plus fruit strength disparity, usually only take bandwagoning strategy confronting its powerful neighbor (China and India). Small countries take an alliance and non-aligned, or balancing and bandwagoning policies contend primarily by 'external structure' (ie, the level of competition level). When in high level competition of structures tend to engage alliance and tend to take non-aligned in low level competition. This studies indicate that in the non-aligned policy, a small country against its powerful neighbor to draw foreign aid for balancing, and subject to what the strategic interests of small countries in political, economic or military can provide, if small countries lose the incentive for foreign aid, bandwagoning strategy will become main forgign policy to powerful neighbor.
主流國際關係研究往往忽略小國的價值,及大小國之間的互動關係。但崛起中的大國,為了要爭取區域中的領導地位,往往刻意拉攏或壓迫小國,將其納入本身所營造的次級體系。 斯里蘭卡位於印度洋中心位置,與印度相隔僅數十公里。對印來說,斯里蘭卡如受敵對區域大國的控制,對其將有嚴重安全疑慮。斯里蘭卡自1948 年獨立後就採取與印度友好之政策,支持其不結盟政策,甚至調解中印紛爭等。2004 年南亞海嘯造成斯國民生凋敝,中國此時挾崛起後的經濟實力對其施以政經援助,甚而協助平定長達 26 年的內戰。中國在印度洋的權力日益擴大,加深印度的疑慮。所以本文旨在探討斯里蘭卡對中印在印度洋角力中,應以何種外交模式面對。 關於小國對大國的外交政策,學者發展出結盟卅不結盟或抗衡卅扈從,以及交往、避險等策略。本研究假設小國(斯里蘭卡)對強鄰在無外援的情形下,加果國力懸殊,通常只能對強鄰(中國與印度)扈從。小國採取結盟或不結盟、抗衡或扈從政策主要受到「外部結構」(亦即競爭程度高低)而定。當結構競爭程度高時傾向採取結盟、競爭程度小時傾向採取不結盟。研究指出,在不結盟政策下,小國拉攏外援對抗強鄰,無需扈從外援,而需視小國有何種政治、經濟或軍事上的戰略利益可提供,如果小國對外援失去誘因,則只能對強鄰採取扈從策略。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93128
文章公開時間: 2018-07-15
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