Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93138
標題: 意識型態形塑下的伊朗外交政策
Ideology & Foreign Policy of The Islamic Republic of Iran
作者: 林佩璇
Pei-Hsuan Lin
關鍵字: 伊朗
伊斯蘭
外交政策
意識型態
黎巴嫩真主黨
敘利亞阿薩德
伊拉克什葉派
哈馬斯
Iran
Islam
Foreign Policy
Ideology
Hezbollah
Assad of Syria
Shiite of Iraqi
Hamas
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Mahtab Alam (2013), Understanding Political and Military Iran's Institutions: An Indian Perspective. New Delhi: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses Sadjadpour, Karim(2009), Reading Khamenei: The World View of Iran's Most Powerful Leader, Washington:Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Tavana, Daniel (2013), The Project on Middle East Democracy, Washington: The Project on Middle East Democracy 二、期刊 Beeman, William(2004),'Elections and Governmental Structure in Iran: Reform Lurks Under the Flaws,'The Brown Journal of World Affairs. Vol. XI, Issue.1 pp.55-67 Carpenter, Ted Galen & Innocent, Malou(2007),'The Iraq War and Iranian Power,'Survival, Vol.49, No.4, pp.67-82 Centre for Iranian Studies(2006)'Understanding Iran's Assembly of Experts. 'Centre for Iranian Studies. pp.1-10 Cordesman, Anthony H. (2007),'Iran's Revolutionary Guards, the Al Quds Force, and Other Intelligence and Paramilitary Forces.' Center for Strategic and International Studies. pp.1-17 Cordesman, Anthony H.(2006),'Iran's Support of the Hezbollah in Lebanon,'Center for Strategic and International Studies ,pp.1-10 DeVore , Marc R. (2012), 'Exploring the Iran-Hezbollah Relationship: A Case Study of how State Sponsorship affects Terrorist Group Decision-Making,' Perpectives On Terrorism, Vol.6, Issues 4-5, P85-107. Fiedler, Radoslaw(2005),'Iran–State Sponsor of Terrorism and its Nuclear Ambitions,'Institute of Political Science and Journalism Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznañ, pp.181-195 Foreign Broadcast Information Service, 'Hizbullah Issues 'Open Letter' on Goals, Principles,'Near East South Asia Report(1985)pp.1-23 Frisch, Hillel(2007),'The Iran-Hamas Alliance: Threat and Folly,' Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, No. 28, pp.1-4 Ghanbari, Naghmeh (2014),'Comparison of Khatami and Ahmadinejad administrations foreign policy discourse and its impact on Middle East policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran,'Researcher, Vol:6, No.2, pp.27-33 Goodarzi, Jubin M.(2013),'Syria and Iran: Alliance Cooperation in a Changing Regional Environment,'Ortadoğu Etütleri, Vol.4, No 2, pp.31-54 Haji-Yousefi, Amir M. (2010)'Iran's Foreign Policy during Ahmadinejad: From Confrontation to Accommodation,'Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol:9, Issue2, pp. 1-25 International Crisis Group(2005), 'Iran in Iraq: How Much Influence?' Middle East Report, No. 38, pp.10 Jones, Peter (2011),'Iran's Political System and Its Implications for US Policy,' Partnership for a Secure America. pp.1-12 Kamrava, Mehran and Hassan-Yari, Houchang(2004),'Suspended Equilibrium in Iran's Political System, ' The Mulsim World, Vol.94, pp.495-524 Katzman, Kenneth(2007), 'Iran's Activities and Influence in Iraq,'CRS Report for Congress, pp.1-6 Katzman, Kenneth(2010),'Iran-Iraq Relations,'Congressional Research Service, pp.1-11 Levitt, Matthew(2012),'Iran's Support for Terrorism in the Middle East,' The Washington Institute, pp.1-15 Limbert, John W. (2008) , 'Negotiating with the Islamic Republic of Iran,' United States Institute of Peace. pp.1-16 Maleki, Abbas(2002), 'Decision Making in Iran's Foreign Policy: A Heuristic Approach,' Journal of Social Affairs, Vol.73, Spring, pp.1-12 Maloney, Suzanne(2008)'Diplomatic Strategies for Dealing with Iran: How Tehran Might Respond,' Center for a New American Security, pp.55-76 Manni, Nathaniel F.(2012),'Iran's Proxies: State Sponsored Terrorism in the Middle East,' Global Security Studies, Vol. 3, No.3, pp. 39-40 Nader, Alireza(2014)'The Days After a Deal with Iran: Continuity and Change in Iranian Foreign Policy,'RAND Corporation, pp.1-15 Nashat, Bidjan(2009),'Iran's Tactical Foreign Policy Rhetoric', Viewpoints: The Iranian Revolution at 30, pp.139-141 Osiewicz, Przemyslaw(2014),'The Iranian Foreign Policy in the Persian Gulf Region Under the Rule of President Hassan Rouhani:Continuity or Change,' Przeglad Strategiczny, No.7, pp.249-262 Rajaee, Bahram(2004), 'Deciphering Iran: The Political Evolution of the Islamic Republic and U.S. Foreign Policy After September 11,'Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Vol.24, No.1, pp.159-172 Rakel, Eva Patricia (2007),'Iranian Foreign Policy Since the Iranian Islamic Revolution: 1979-2006,'Perspectives on Global Development and Technology 6, Vol.6, issue.1, pp.159-187 Rizvi, M. Mahtab Alam (2012),'Velayat-e-Faqih (Supreme Leader) and Iranian Foreign Policy: An Historical Analysis,'Strategic Analysis, Vol.36, No.1, pp.112-127 Rodger Shanahan(2015),'Iranian foreign policy under Rouhani,'Lowy Institute for International Policy, pp.1-11 Salehzadeh, Alan(2013),'Iran's Domestic and Foreign Policies,' National Defence University, pp.1-37 Samii, Abbas William(2008)'A Stable Structure on Shifting Sands: Assessing the Hizbullah-Iran-Syria Relationship,'Middle East Journal. Vol.62, No.1, pp.36-37 Soltani, Fakhreddin & Amiri, Reza Ekhtiari (2010),'Foreign Policy of Iran after Islamic Revolution,'Department of Government and Civilization Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), pp: 199-206. Tezcür, Günes Murat and Azadarmak, Taghï (2008),'Religiosity and Islamic Rule in Iran,'Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol.47, NO.2, pp.211-224 Zanotti, Jim(2010),'Hamas: Background and Issues for Congress,' Congressional Research Service, pp.1-63 三、網路資料 'Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran 1979.'WIPO, (2015/2/15)https://www.google.com.tw/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CFgQFjAH&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wipo.int%2Fedocs%2Flexdocs%2Flaws%2Fen%2Fir%2Fir001en.pdf&ei=Gv-YVcnqI4m78gWhtbe4Bg&usg=AFQjCNGJrq4ZfgCPkWFaVhMLFcGadOZ_Yg&bvm=bv.96952980,d.dGc 'Guide:How Iran is ruled?'BBC NEWS (2015.01.19) http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8051750.stm ' IRAN, Who Holds the Power?' BBC NEWS(2015.01.19) http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/iran_power/html/default.stm 'Islam: the perfect religion and way of life for all,'IslamWeb,(2015/7/5)http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/articles/134454/islam-the-perfect-religion-and-way-of-life-for-all ' Profile: Iran's Revolutionary Guards,'BBC NEWS (2015/2/7) http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7064353.stm 'The Basics of the Political System in Islam (part 1 of 2): Islam a Total Way of Life,' The Religion of Islam,(2015/7/5)http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/224/basics-of-political-system-in-islam-part-1/ 'The Origins of Islamic Law,'Constitutional Rights Foundation,(2015/7/5)http://www.crf-usa.org/america-responds-to-terrorism/the-origins-of-islamic-law.html 'The Structure of Power in Iran,'IRAN Chamber Society(2015.02.06) http://www.iranchamber.com/government/articles/structure_of_power.php Abdo, Geneive (2013) 'No Matter Who Wins, Iran's Supreme Leader Controls Foreign Policy,'Brookings(2014/11/17)http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/markaz/posts/2013/06/13-syria-iran-elections Coughlin, Con'Iran Rekindles Relations With Hamas,'The Wall Street Journal(2015/5/26)http://www.wsj.com/articles/iran-rekindles-relations-with-hamas-1429658562 Cohen, Roger'Realpolitik For Iran,' The New York Times(2015/4/16)http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/13/opinion/13iht-edcohen.html?_r=0 Farahani, A. 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摘要: While a country's foreign policies are often guided by its national interests, Iran's foreign policies have been heavily influenced by Islamic ideology which derived from the 1979 revolution. To realize the goals of the revolution, Iran integrated the Koran and Islamic laws into its Constitution, and set up a series of religious institutions to manage the performances of secular institutions of the government. Through exploring the developments of Iranian foreign policies since the founding of the Islamic Republic, this research aims at understanding how democratically elected presidents and the secular institutions formulate foreign policies under the influence of Islamic ideology. Since the political system of the country is established upon a structure which ensures checks and balances between religious and secular institutions, Iran's foreign policies remains inseparable from the Islamic framework. By using the concept of 'exporting revolution,' Iran has provided assistances to various Islamic militant groups overseas, notably Hezbollah, the Assad regime of Syria, Shiite groups in Iraq, and Hamas of Palestinian. Through funding these groups, Iran attempts to achieve its goals of ' anti-US,' anti-Israel,'and' exporting revolution,' and to expand its influence in the region.
有別於一般國家的外交政策以國家利益為導向,伊朗外交政策形塑於1979年伊斯蘭革命以來形成的意識型態。為了貫徹革命理念,伊朗在憲法中融入了古蘭經與伊斯蘭教法,並在政府機關中設置了宗教機構去影響及制約世俗機構,以確保革命成果。透過了解伊朗伊斯蘭共和國建國以來各階段的外交政策發展,可以瞭解伊朗透過民選的總統與世俗機構影響下伊朗外交政策的轉向。但在立國之時確立的政治體系,使世俗機關受到宗教機構的制衡,使伊朗的外交政策仍脫離不了伊斯蘭框架。而在「輸出革命」的理念下,伊朗長期援助伊斯蘭激進團體,如黎巴嫩真主黨、敘利亞阿薩德政權、伊拉克什葉派與巴勒斯坦哈馬斯等。透過資助這些團體,伊朗可以達成其「反美」、「反以」與「輸出革命」等目的,並擴大其在區域的影響力。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93138
文章公開時間: 2017-07-16
Appears in Collections:國際政治研究所

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