Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93150
標題: 中國反貪腐政策:一場贏得民心的戰鬥
Anti-Corruption with Chinese Characteristics: Battle for the Hearts & Minds of the Chinese People
作者: 康志揚
Yaroslav Kit
關鍵字: 中國
貪腐
反貪腐
China
Corruption
Anti-Corruption
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摘要: All countries face some political corruption problems. China has vigorously pursued anti-corruption campaigns for decades and, according to international NGOs and academics, presently still faces a serious corruption crisis. In China, fighting corruption is not only a popular concern of the masses, it is also a serious issue for political candidates within the Chinese Communist Party. As the anti-corruption issue rises in salience, it poses both problems and opportunities for both political candidates and civil society activists. The economic reforms that were enacted thirty years ago unleashed a vast amount of wealth in China and millions have been raised out of poverty. However, while the elite few have prospered, the masses have been left behind. The perception of this injustice has fuelled social unrest in the form of protests, and has empowered an increasingly rights-conscious and vocal citizenry. This unrest has created a threat of instability for the CCP. In order to contain this unrest and to maintain stability, the CCP has responded by attempting to 'manage the public's perception of corruption' and thus appear more responsive to the needs of the masses. However, in order to maintain CCP rule, the Party is keeping off the table significant political reforms that could better fight corruption at the root. Herein lies the dilemma for the CCP; how to fight corruption and maintain one-party rule on the one hand, and alleviate the masses' concerns regarding corruption, social injustice, and demands for greater political reform on the other. Through constructing, maintaining a monopoly on, and propagating political narratives, the CCP has attempted to portray itself as an egalitarian party committed to upholding a clean government that is capable of providing the public goods that the masses require; hoping that this would lead to stability and maintain the status quo. The rights-conscious element of China's civil society has voiced a 'competing discourse', and contrary to CCP official rhetoric, is seen as an unwelcome element (variable). Thus the purpose of launching anti-corruption campaigns is not to fight corruption at the root, but to maintain the Party's preferred narratives and to neutralize disharmonious competing voices that are seen as a threat to the Party's leadership.
所有國家皆有腐敗的問題。根據國際非政府組織及學者們指出在早期的中國已開始執行反腐敗運動,但至今仍舊存在著嚴重的腐敗狀況。在中國,反腐敗不只是老百姓會關心這個問題,也是共產黨公務人員的煩惱。當反腐敗爭議越顯著的同時,也挑戰政治人物及公民社會雙方的問題和機會。三十年前執行的經濟改革解放貧窮使大量人民致富。然而,有職位及權力的人成功賺了很多錢但大部分的老百姓沒有。這樣不公正的看法使得社會動盪惡化而形成抗議,老百姓逐漸地有維權的意識想把自己的聲音表達出來。這個動亂對於共產黨產生了威脅,為了控制動亂並維持穩定的狀況,共產黨做出了反應看來好像關心貧窮的公民,其實是試圖控制社會對腐敗的看法。然而,為了維持共產黨的領導,故暗示著不會考慮執行新的政治改革。在這種情況下呈現進退兩難狀態的共產黨,如何維持一個黨派的統治同時平息、說服老百姓,政府想要反腐敗及反不公正狀況。共產黨構想出維持完全控制的政治故事,他試圖扮演平等主義黨派及致力於維護清廉的政府而提供老百姓需要的治理,希望這會使國家穩定及維持現狀。雖然共產黨表示願意接受公民社會的意見,但對於有維權意識的公民社會是政府不想要的。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93150
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
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