請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93190
標題: 韓美自由貿易協定談判之分析:雙層賽局理論的觀點
The Negotiation of Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: A Perspective of Two-Level Games
作者: 張顥齡
Chang, Hao Ling
關鍵字: 韓美FTA
雙層賽局理論
比較優勢
勝利集合
KORUS FTA
Two-Level Games
Comparative Advantage
Win-set
引用: 一、 中文部份 (一) 期刊 李仲辰(2009),〈從貿易調整協助方案看美國如何協助勞工因應國際貿易影響〉,《台灣勞工季刊》,第20期,頁78-87。 林麗芳(2011),〈美國2008農業法有關農產品產銷及貿易計畫之執行及影響分析〉,《農政與農情》,第224期,頁84-89。 陳美菊(2004),〈美洲自由貿易區之成立及其對我國經濟的影響〉,《經濟研究》,第5期,頁213-238。 趙文衡(2009),〈總統、國會與美國FTA政策:以NAFTA與CAFTA-DR為例〉,《問題與研究》,第48卷,第4期,頁1-33。 劉德海(2011),〈進入21世紀以來韓國與東協經貿關係〉,《台灣國際研究季刊》,第7卷第1期,頁147-169。 簡立賢、鄭美孌、黃琮琪(2008),〈美國新農業法案及啟示〉,《興大農業》,第64期,頁20-28。 蘇怡文(2010),〈韓國FTA戰略取向對我國經貿外交政策之啟示〉,《經濟前瞻》,第131期,頁30-35。 (二) 網路資料 中華經濟研究院台灣WTO中心,〈區域貿易協定議題簡介〉,《WTO議題》, (2013/11/30瀏覽), http://taiwan.wtocenter.org.tw/issue/issueREG_intro.asp?id=29. 方立維(2008),〈論美國新農業法案對農業補貼政策之轉變〉,中華經濟研究院台灣WTO中心(2013/11/13瀏覽),http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=93405. 杜巧霞、姚鴻成、李淳、顏慧欣、李宜靜、鍾至豐(2007),〈美韓洽簽FTA之研析〉,《96年度國際經貿事務研究及培訓中心計畫-子計畫二:專題研究(6)》,中華經濟研究院(台灣WTO中心),2007年,頁1-248,(2013/10/25瀏覽),http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/fileviewer?id=105299. 汪惠慈(2007),〈WTO研究指出:全球區域貿易協定洽簽熱潮,恐將引發大量貿易爭端〉,《WTO貿易議題》(台北:中華經濟研究院台灣WTO中心,),(2013/10/25瀏覽),http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=86155 吳亞恬(2007),〈簽訂自由貿易協定(FTA)因應策略-以韓美FTA為例〉,《台灣農業科技資源運籌管理學會》,(2013/10/025瀏覽),http://agritech-foresight.coa.gov.tw/archive/file/336b59c03d8a2763f017f16d9c2cd3b6.pdf. 張至誠(2007),〈美國對外貿易政策新走向〉,《工業總會貿易發展組:國會經貿服務網》, (2013/11/10瀏覽),http://www.cnfi.org.tw/wto/all-news.php?id=5220&t_type=s. 姚鴻成(2010),〈韓星FTA之經濟效益與評估暨對台灣推動與新加坡簽署FTA之啟示〉,中華經濟研究院台灣WTO中心,(2013/10/25瀏覽),http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/www/Epaper/wtoepaper/article233.htm. (三) 新聞資料 申致泳(2007),〈韓美經濟界會議敦促兩國議會儘快批准FTA〉,《東亞日報》,(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007061504018. 朱庸中(2008),〈李明博會歐巴馬:韓美FTA汽車可再談〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2009/11/20/20091120000000.html. 吉鎭均、許振碩、金昇鍊(2008),〈執政圈也指出「政府對應不足」〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2008051564648. 安容均(2006),〈韓美FTA談判有望不承認開城產品為「韓國產」〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://tinyurl.com/qjkucbu. 安容均(2006),〈韓外長稱簽訂自由貿易協定是大勢所趨〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2006/05/03/20060503000030.html. 朴成遠(2008),〈「牛肉事件沒有聽取國民的建議…抱歉」〉,《東亞日報》,(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2008052391188. 朴國熙(2012),〈在野兩黨就'韓美FTA無效'達成協議〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/10/25瀏覽),http://chn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2012/03/08/20120308000006.html. 全永韓(2007),〈FTA民間對策委員會:損失要降至最低,批准要快〉,《東亞日報》,(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007040466018. 全永韓(2011),〈市廳-鐘路一帶的交通嚴重混亂〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2011063052958. 李鎮碩(2006),〈韓美FTA協商5月初進行 韓國經濟秩序面臨巨變〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2006/01/26/20060126000027.html. 李鎮碩(2007),〈韓美FTA追加談判達成妥協〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/06/30/20070630000010.html. 李基洪(2007),〈美國汽車業界強烈反對批准韓美自由貿易協定〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007062247778. 李基洪,(2007)〈美國工商界敦促議會儘快批准韓美FTA〉,《東亞日報》 (2013/11/21瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007042785388. 李相錄(2007),〈李明博和朴槿惠贊成開放除大米以外的市場〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007033108708. 李鎭求(2007),〈監查院將監督韓美自由貿易協定談判〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007022727058. 李承鍵(2008),〈保障牛肉安全、真誠地說明自由貿易協定的必然性〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2008062032428. 李鍾焄、樸庭勳(2008),〈執政黨野黨有可能因為3大問題進行「國政監察延長戰」〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2008102547268. 李河遠(2007),〈韓美首腦有望通電話談FTA爭論點〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》,2007年3月27日(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/03/27/20070327000001.html. 李河遠(2007),〈弗什博:韓美FTA應適用新通商政策〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》,(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/05/16/20070516000022.html. 李河遠(2010),〈韓美FTA 白宮暗示要重新協商汽車牛肉問題〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2010/08/05/20100805000006.html. 李河遠(2010),〈歐巴馬緊急指示:盡早讓韓美FTA獲准〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2010/10/08/20101008000008.html 李陳錫(2006),〈韓美FTA談判圍繞農業開放問題發生摩擦〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://tinyurl.com/poynzeb. 李陳錫(2006),〈韓美FTA談判:兩國未能就紡織領域達成協議〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://tinyurl.com/kd3l8lu. 李陳錫(2006),〈FTA談判:政府擬放棄「開城韓國產」〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》,(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://tinyurl.com/mt6ztcx. 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洪源祥(2007),〈美國再度要求韓國開放韓醫市場〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/01/16/20070116000014.html. 洪源祥(2007),〈韓美FTA有望在4月初之前達成協議〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/02/15/20070215000017.html. 洪源祥(2007),〈韓美FTA正式談判落下帷幕〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/03/13/20070313000016.html. 洪源祥(2007),〈開城產品問題可能在FTA生效後討論〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/03/27/20070327000007.html. 洪源祥(2007),〈韓美首腦通話後雙方著手制定「新戰略」〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/03/30/20070330000011.html. 高貞愛(2012),〈韓‧美決定召開部長級會議商討FTA事宜〉,《中央日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.joins.com/gb/article.do?method=detail&art_id=83011&category=002002. 朝鮮日報中文網社論(2006),〈韓美FTA准備工作何以如此不充份〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2006/04/12/20060412000002.html. 朝鮮日報中文網社論(2006),〈總統和總理應有一人帶頭推進FTA〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/19瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2006/10/30/20061030000019.html. 崔宇皙(2007),〈美眾議院韓美FTA聽證會成為「聲討韓國大會」〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/03/22/20070322000033.html. 崔宇晳(2008),〈美有力大選候選人奧巴馬反對韓美FTA〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2008/02/15/20080215000009.html. 崔宇晳(2008),〈奧巴馬:反對有利於韓國的FTA〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2008/05/26/20080526000012.html 崔宇晳(2008),〈奧巴馬再次批評韓美FTA:不是明智的交易〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2008/06/19/20080619000012.html. 崔宇晳、羅志弘(2008),〈奧當選總統後韓美汽車貿易問題進一步升級〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2008/11/08/20081108000017.html. 崔永海(2009),〈「想要通過韓美FTA,需加大力度開放韓國的汽車市場」〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2009110780798. 崔永海 朱性元(2009),〈以奧巴馬總統的訪韓為前提,美國議會因'韓美FTA'產生矛盾〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2009110996288. 崔永海(2011),〈美國在舉辦韓美首腦會談前批准FTA〉,《東亞日報》 (2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2011092668408. 崔慶韻(2011),〈韓美FTA批准議案或20日提交國會〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2011/09/02/20110902000006.html. 崔源奎、金泰根(2012),〈韓美自貿協定15日零時生效〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2012/03/14/20120314000004.html. 琴元燮(2008),〈韓美牛肉談判有進展 韓國可能向美牛肉敞開市場〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2008/04/17/20080417000007.html. 裵克仁、朴重炫(2007),〈韓美自由貿易協定談判披荊斬棘的424天〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007040224808. 裵克仁 鄭然旭(2007),〈韓美FTA有望今晚達成妥協〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007033092058. 裵克仁、金有英(2007),〈韓美FTA談判進入尾聲〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/20瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007033108058. 裴聖圭(2007),〈各黨認為年內很難通過韓美FTA批准動議案〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2007/11/10/20071110000007.html. 裴成奎(2012),〈[4‧11選舉]保守小勝進步 國會博弈難免〉,《朝鮮日報中文網》(2013/10/25瀏覽),http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2012/04/12/20120412000016.html. 鄭任洙(2007),〈FTA損失,政府決定在10年之內投資204000億韓元〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/21瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2007110778218. 鄭用寬(2009),〈韓美明文規定「擴大的抑制力」〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2009061741438. 鄭用寬(2009),〈韓美首腦會談決定努力推行FTA批准〉,《東亞日報》 (2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2009112073698. 鄭慧珍(2010),〈韓國「可以慢慢來」VS美國「趕在G20以前」〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2010102891678. 鄭慧珍、夫亨權(2010),〈對早期達成協議感到有負擔… 「不得不做出讓步,但要控制在最小範圍以內」〉,《東亞日報》(2013/11/23瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2010110969468. 鄭慧珍(2010),〈事實上對韓美FTA達成協議〉,《東亞日報》 (2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2010111094468. 鄭慧珍(2010),〈美韓FTA出現「牛肉衝突」〉,《東亞日報》 (2013/11/22瀏覽),http://chinese.donga.com/big/srv/service.php3?biid=2010111115358. 蘇怡文(2012),〈韓國運用美韓FTA積極吸引外資〉,《全球台商e焦點電子報》(2013/10/25瀏覽),第204期,http://twbusiness.nat.gov.tw/epaperArticle.do?id=166166528. 二、外文部份 (一) 專書與專書論文 Arana, Mario (2010) 'New Trade Policy in the United States? A Central American Perspective on Free Trade,' in Mario Arana eds., A New Trade Policy for the United States: Lessons from Latin America, pp. 13-26. Choi, Inbom & Schott, Jeffrey J. (2004), 'Korea-US Free Trade Revisited,' in Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 173-196. Gala, Ahmed & Lawrence, Robert Z. (2004) 'Egypt, Morocco, and the United States,' in Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 299-330. Gilpin, Robert (2001), Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Gonzalez, Anabel (2010) 'The Road to Free Trade with the United States: Making Trade Workfor Fami lies in the Americas,' in Mario Arana eds., A New Trade Policy for the United States: Lessons from Latin America, Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, pp. 5-12. Hufbauer, Gary Clyde & Goodrich, Ben (2004) 'Lessons From NAFTA,' in Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 37-50. Moravcsik, Andrew (1993), 'Introduction: Integrating International and Domestic Theories of International Bargaining,' in Peter B. Evans, Harold K, Jacobson, Robert D. Putnam eds, Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics, California: University of California Press, pp. 3-42. Rosen, Howard (2004), 'Free Trade Agreements as Foreign Policy Tools:The US-Israel and US-Jordan FTAs,' in Jeffrey J. Schott, eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics, pp. 51-77. Salazar-Xirinachs, Jose M. & Granados, Jaime (2004), 'The US – Central America Free Trade Agreement: Opportunities and Challenges,' in Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 225-275. Stoler, Andrew L. (2004), 'Australia-US Free Trade: Benefits and Costs of an Agreement,' in Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 95-116. Schott, Jeffrey J. (2008), 'Implementing the KORUS FTA: Key Challenges and Policy Proposals,' in L. Gordon Flake & Park Ro-byug eds., Understanding New Political Realities in Seoul: Working toward a Common Approach to Strengthen U.S.-Korean Relations, Washington: The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation, pp. 79-98. Weintraub, Sidney (2004), 'Lessons from the Chile and Singapore Free Trade Agreements,' in Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Washington DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 79-92. 奧田聰(2010),韓国のFTA─10年の步るみと第三国への影響,東京:アジア経済研究所。 (二) 研討會論文 Kim, Han Soo (2005), 'Korea's FTA Policy Present Situation and Future Prospects.' Korea-U.S. Policy Forum, pp. 1-5. Manyin, Mark & Cooper, William (2008), 'Can the U.S. and South Korea Sing without KORUS? The Economic and Strategic Effects of the KORUS FTA,' Shifting Strategic and Political Relations with the Koreas (Washington, DC: Korea Economic Institute, 2009), Paper presented at KEI's 2008 Academic Symposium, 2008.09.16-18, at New York City, pp. 135-158. Park, Young Bae and Moon, Sang Bok (2006), 'Korea's FTA Policy Structure.' Paper presented at the Korea and the World Economy (Seoul: A Joint Conference of Association of the Korean Economic Studies, Research Center for International Economics, and Korea Development Institute, 2006 July 7-8),' pp. 1-11. Sohn, Chan-Hyun (2001), 'Korea's FTA Developments: Experiences and Perspectives with Chile, Japan, and the U.S.' Regional Trading Arrangements: Stocktake and Next Steps (Bangkok: Trade Policy Forum, 2001), pp. 1-27 (三) 期刊論文 Ahn, Dukgeun (2010), 'FTA Policy and Strategy of Korea,' Taiwanese Journal of WTO Studies, Vol. XV, pp. 39-66. Bae, Chankwon & Keum, Hyeyoon (2013), 'The Impact of FTAs on FDI in Korea.' World Economy Update, Seoul: Korean Institute for International Economic Policy, Vol. 3, No. 19, pp. 1-6. Castro, Renato Cruz De (2005) 'Politics in Command: The Case of the US Proposal for an FTA with the Philippines,' Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs, Vol. 27, No. 3, p. 453-471. Chan Hyun Sohn (2001), 'Korea's FTA Developments: Experiences and Perspectives with Chile, Japan, and the U.S.,' Regional Trading Arrangements: Stocktake and Next Steps, Bangkok: Trade Policy Forum, pp. 1-27. Chan, Mignonne M. J. (2005), 'U.S. Trade Strategy of Competitive Liberalization,' Tamkang Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 1-26. Cheong, Inkyo & Cho, Jungran (2009), 'The Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Business in the Republic of Korea.' ADBI Working Paper Series, Japan: Asian Development Bank Institute, No. 156, pp. 1-32. Cheong, Inkyo & Cho, Jungran (2011), 'Reform of Korea's Trade Adjustment Assistance Program for Its Bilateral Free Trade Agreements with the European Union and the United State,' Asian Economic Paper , Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 32-55. Cooper, William & Manyin, Mark (2011), 'The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Looking Ahead—Prospects and Potential Challenges.' International Journal of Korean Studies, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 127-150. Enia, S. Jason (2009), 'Sequencing Negotiating Partners Implications for the Two-Level Game,' Negotiation Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 357-383. Evenett Simon J. & Meier, Michael (2008), 'An Interim Assessment of the US Trade Policy of 'Competitive Liberalization',' The World Economy, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 31-66. Garcia, Maria (2012), 'Competitive Fears: The EU, US and Free Trade Agreements in East Asia,' EU External Affairs Review, pp. 59-71. Hoadley, Stephen (2007), 'U.S. Free Trade Agreements in East Asia: Politics, Economics, and Security Policy in Bush Administration,' Sudostasien aktuell: journal of current Southeast Asian affairs, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 51-75. Kang, Yoo-Duk (2010), 'Korea's FTA Policy and Negotiating Korea-EU FTA.' Taiwanese Journal of WTO Studies, Vol. XV, pp. 67-97. Kelly, E. Robert (2012), 'Korea–European Union relations: beyond the FTA?' International Relations of the Asia-Pacific Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 101-132. Kim, Han Soo (2005), 'Korea's FTA Policy Present Situation and Future Prospects,' 2005 Korea-U.S. Policy Forum, pp. 1-5. Kim, Hyun Chong (2011), 'Dynamics of Free Trade Agreements: Benefits and Strategic Considerations,' SERI Quarterly, Seoul: Samsung Economic Research Institute, pp. 11-21. Koo, Min Gyo (2010), 'Embracing Free Trade Agreements, Korean Style:From Developmental Mercantilism to Developmental Liberalism,' The Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 101-123. Koo, Min Gyo & Jho, Whasun (2013), 'Linking domestic decision-making and international bargaining results: beef and automobile negotiations between South Korea and United States,' International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 65-93. Park, Sung Hoon and Koo, Min Gyo (2007), 'Forming a Cross-Regional Partnership: The South Korea-Chile FTA and Its Implications.' Pacific Affairs 80(2): 259-278. Park, Mi (2009), 'Framing Free Trade Agreements: The Politics of Nationalism in the Anti-Neoliberal Globalization Movement in South Korea,' Globalizations, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 451-466. Pollet-Fort, Anne (2011), 'The EU-Korea FTA and its Implications for the Future EU-Singapore FTA,' Background Brief (Singapore: The EU Centre), No.4, p. 1-37. Putnam, D. Robert (1988), 'Diplomacy and domestic politics: the logic of two-level games,' International Organization, Vol. 42, No.3, pp. 427-460. Schott, J. Jeffrey, Scott C. Bradford, Thomas Moll (2006), 'Negotiating the Korea-United States Free Trade Agreement.' Policy Briefs in International Economics, Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 1-33. Schott, J. Jeffrey (2010), 'Prospects for Implementing the Korea-US Free Trade Agreement,' Policy Brief, No. PB10-23, Washington, DC: Perterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 3-4. Schott, J. Jeffrey (2010), 'KORUS FTA 2.0: Assessing the Changes,' Policy Brief, Peterson Institute for International Economics, pp. 1-3. Schott, J. Jeffrey (2011), 'Why the Korea-United States Free Trade Agreement is Big Deal,' SERI Quarterly, pp. 23-29. Sohn, Yul & Koo, Min Gyo (2011), 'Securitizing Trade: the Case of the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement,' International Relations of Asia Pacific, Vo. 11, No. 3, pp. 433-460. Solis, Mireya (2013), 'South Korea's Fateful Decision on the Trans-Pacific Partnership,' Foreign Policy at Brookings: Policy Paper, No. 31, pp. 1-21. Yul, Kwon (2004), 'Toward a Comprehensive Partnership: ASEAN-Korea Economic Cooperation.' East Asian Review Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 81-98. (四) 美國國會報告書 Ahearn, Raymond J. (2005), 'Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-6. Cooper, William H. & Mark E. Manyin (2007), 'The Proposed South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA),'CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-37. Cooper, William H., Cooney, Stephen, Jurenas, Remy (2008), 'The Proposed South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions & Implications,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp.1- 52. Cooper, William H., Mark E. Manyin, Remy Jurenas, Michaela D. Platzer (2009), 'The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implication,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-48. Cooper, William H. & Mark E. Manyin (2011), 'The Proposed South Korea-U.S. Free TradeAgreement (KORUS FTA),'CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-53. Cooper, William H. (2012), 'Free Trade Agreement: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-16. Cooper, William H., Mark E. Manyin, Remy Jurenas, Michaela D. Platzer (2013), 'The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-51. Hornbeck, J. F. (2012), 'The U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, p. 1-31. Hornbeck, J. F. (2013). 'Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) and Its Role in U.S. Trade Policy,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-16. Hornbeck, J. F. & Brook, William H. (2013), 'Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-23. Nanto, Dick K. (2008), 'The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement: Effects After Three Years,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-20. Maureen Taft-Morales (2013), 'Peru in Brief: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-17. Villarreal, M. Angeles (2011), 'Proposed U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Background & Issues,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-29. Villarreal, M. Angeles (2012), 'The U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Background and Issues,' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-29. Villarreal, M. Angeles & Fergusson, Ian F. (2013), 'NAFTA at 20:Overview and Trade Effects' CRS Report for Congress: Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress, Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, summary. (五) 網路資料 Baldwin, Richard & Low, Patrick (2009), Multilateralizing Regionalism: Challenges for the Global Trading System (World Trade Organization, 2009), pp. 3-4, (2013/10/25), http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/publications_e/multila_region_e.htm. 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摘要: In 2003, there were only two members in the WTO who didn't have free trade agreements (FTA), and Korea was one of them. Nowadays, Korea has become the first country in the world that has signed FTA with America, European Union, and ASEAN. What is the reason that Korea progressed so much on the pace of concluding FTA? In order to figure out this question, the author wants to look at the FTA that Korea concluded with her third largest trade partner, America, and take it for example. Therefore, the author applied the Two Level Games Theory on the Korean-U.S.A Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA). Exploring into the win-set of Korea and America in the KORUS FTA, the negotiating and the ratifying process of KORUS FTA, and the means that both Korea and America adopted to make KORUS FTA comes into effect. The author adjusted Putnam's Two Level Games Theory, for the purpose of observing the negotiation of KORUS FTA, and taking win-set as the affecting key point. In this essay, author emphasized on analyzing the economic and politics factors of the win-set. Firstly, analyze the three composing elements of win-set, which are Korea and America's purposes of seeking FTA, the negotiating systems of FTA, and the stance of industrial interest group toward FTA. Secondly, probe into two key factors that affect the negotiation process, the comparative advantage and the negotiation tactic. Thirdly, observe the ways which statesman of Korea and America adopted, such as convincing, tying hands, compensation and reverberation, in order to get FTA ratified by the congress and come into effect. After exercised Two Level Games Theory to explore the successful experience of KORUS FTA, this research found that the element effecting the conclusion and implementation of FTA, including both economic aspect, such as comparative advantage; and the political aspect, such as negotiation and strategy tactics. Therefore, even the main purpose of concluding FTA is about reaching economic goal, political means is still an indispensable element.
韓國在2003年時,仍是WTO會員國中尚未簽訂自由貿易協定(Free Trade Agreements,FTAs)的兩個國家之一,今日她卻成了全球第一個與美國、歐盟和東協皆成功簽訂FTA的國家。何以韓國在簽訂FTA的速度上,出現如此大幅的進展?為了解此問題,筆者希望以韓國與第三大貿易夥伴國美國所簽定的韓美FTA(KORUS FTA)為例,運用雙層賽局此一談判理論,分別從韓、美兩國在KORUS FTA中的勝利集合、簽訂FTA的談判經過、FTA的國會批准階段,以及兩國成功讓FTA生效的手段等方面進行探討。 筆者將普南的雙層賽局理論做了調整,使之更適用於觀察KORUS FTA談判。在經過調整的雙層賽局理論中,筆者同樣將「勝利集合」(win-set)視為影響FTA談判的關鍵,並將重點放在分析影響勝利集合的經濟和政治因素。首先針對影響勝利集合的三大構成要素,韓、美兩國洽簽FTA的目的、FTA的談判體制,與產業團體的立場進行分析。接著探討談判過程中影響FTA能否成功簽訂的兩大關鍵,「比較優勢」(comparative advantage)與談判策略。最後再觀察兩國政府官員為了使FTA獲得國會批准並生效,所使用的方式,如「說服」、「自縛」,與「補償」和「反射」等策略。 本研究運用雙層賽局理論來探究韓美FTA成功的經驗後發現,影響FTA簽訂與生效的因素,除了經濟上的比較優勢之外,尚有政治層面的談判策略因素。可見,即使在以達成經濟目的為主的FTA談判中,政治手段仍是不可或缺的要素。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/93190
文章公開時間: 2014-01-10
顯示於類別:國際政治研究所

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