請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95617
標題: 尼爾•史帝芬森小說《潰雪》中的空間、生命權力與後人類主義
Space, Biopower, and Posthumanism in Neal Stephenson’s Snow Crash
作者: 楊雅蓉
Ya-Rong Yang
關鍵字: 後現代空間
賽博空間
生命權力
後人類主義
Postmodern Space
Cyberspace
Biopower
Posthumanism
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摘要: 本論文主要探討美國科幻小說家尼爾.史帝芬森(Neal Stephenson)之著作《潰雪》(Snow Crash),在其後現代情境下,空間與主體去身體化(disembodiment)的趨勢、資訊世界中生命權力(biopower)的操作運用、以及後人類身體(posthuman body)的潛能。以上議題與人類在資訊科技極致發展的社會中,其角色該如何定位息息相關。前兩章處理的議題,現今可說是猖獗於資訊世界。後現代社會中,空間與主體去身體化的趨勢已無回力之天。縱使如此看來無比自由,生命權力(biopower)卻藏匿於巨大的通信網絡中,企圖控制全球人口。然而,第三章則為提出在全球控制的威脅下,人類與科技能夠和諧共存的一個可能解方。在小說的尾聲,史帝芬森則提供了一個與後人類理論所提倡的共生生活方式相近的後人類體現。藉由檢視後人類身體如何展現的過程,人類不再是獨立其外,而是與周遭異質密切相關。人之初,即為混種。
This thesis aims to explore, first, the tendency of disembodiment of space and human subject; second, the biopower applied to the info world; and third, the posthuman body potential in Neal Stephenson’s Snow Crash. These three perspectives are fundamental to the hindrances that humans encounter and what they should do as the related technology develops to extreme degrees. The two former issues I tackle in Chapters one and two somehow are rampant in the current information era. In the postmodern society, the irrevocable tendency of disembodiment is shared by space and human subject. Although it is seemingly freer than ever before, biopower hides itself in the massive network of telecommunication technology in an attempt to master worldwide populations. Whereas, the last aspect I cope with in Chapter three could be a possible antidote for humankind to live harmoniously with the technology related to the impending crisis of attempting to suppress people globally. At the end of the novel, Stephenson renders a symbiotic way of living that is rather similar to what the posthumanist theorists advocate. In Snow Crash, it is one of the peripheral characters, Juanita Marquez, who illustrates a posthuman incarnation, a hybrid of human and technology. It is evident that human existence could not be sustained without concern for the hybrid correlation between themselves and the aliens, that is, human beings are amalgams from the outset.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95617
文章公開時間: 2020-01-06
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