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標題: 詹姆士·菲尼莫爾·庫柏的早期小說:《拓荒者》、《最後的莫西干人》之創造美國身分認同
James Fenimore Cooper’s Early Novels: The Creation of American Identity in The Pioneers and The Last of the Mohicans
作者: 吳思樺
Si-Hua Wu
關鍵字: 民族意識
national identity
James Fenimore Cooper
The Pioneers
The Last of the Mohicans
Manifest Destiny
white supremacy
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摘要: 在美國建國初期,很多人無法在自己的文化與國家上找到認同感。就某種層面而言,當時的美國正陷入找尋自我身分認同的後殖民危機中。十九世紀初期美國作家詹姆斯·菲尼莫爾·庫柏在此社會焦慮氛圍中崛起;他致力於幫助美國人找到自己的文化和身份認同。他寫了多部小說,《拓荒者》與《最後的莫希干人》為其中最著名者。庫柏在此兩部小說中深入刻畫美國自然景觀及原住民面貌,幫助美國人理解自己的歷史和文化意義。本文的文旨為,從殖民以及後殖民觀點探討《拓荒者》與《最後的莫西干人》所創造的美國特性。庫柏嘗試讓美國人了解,美洲原住民以及地景都是美國生活的特色。然而,當庫柏試圖透過宣揚先民開墾經驗以及合理化西部拓展以鞏固美國人的民族意識時,他不自覺地流露了天命昭彰和白人種族至上的優越心態。因此,他的小說也成了某種型態的帝國主義論述。
In the early period of the new republic, many people had difficulty in recognizing their own culture and their national identity. In a sense, Americans at that time were facing a post-colonial crisis of knowing who they were. During the early nineteenth century, James Fennimore Cooper committed himself to help Americans find their cultural identity. He wrote many novels, among which The Pioneers and The Last of the Mohicans were the most well-known, to help his people realize the significance of their history and culture. This thesis aims to explore the creation of American identity in The Pioneers and The Last of the Mohicans from both colonial and post-colonial perspectives. Cooper tried to make Americans realize that Native Americans and American landscape were the features of American life. However, when Cooper tried to consolidate the American identity by exalting the settlement experience and justifying the westward expansion, he unconsciously revealed the mindset of Manifest Destiny and white supremacy. Thus, his novels became another type of imperialist narrative.
文章公開時間: 2019-11-18
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所



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