請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95619
標題: 論《使女的故事》中的覺醒和顛覆
Awakening and Subversion in The Handmaid’s Tale
作者: 鄭凱欣
Kai-Hsin Cheng
關鍵字: 女性壓迫
覺醒
女性寫作
women’s oppression
awakening
female writing
引用: Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid’s Tale. London: New Windmills, 1993. Cixous, Helene. “The Laugh of the Medusa.” Trans. Keith Cohen and Paula Cohen. In New French Feminisms. Ed. Elaine Marks and Isabelle de Courtivron. Brighton: Harvester, 1981. 245-64. Print. ---. “Sorties.” 1975. In New French Feminisms. An Anthology. Eds. Elaine Marks and Isabelle de Courtivron. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1980. 90-98. Print. Davies, Madeleine. 'Margaret Atwood''s Female Bodies.' The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006. 58-71. Print. Deer, Glenn. “The Handmaid’s Tale: Dystopia and the Paradoxes of Power.” Margaret Atwood. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea HP, 2000. 93-112. Print. Feuer, Lois. “The Calculus of Love and Nightmare: The Handmaid’s Tale and the Dystopian Tradition.” Critique: Studies In Contemporary Fiction 38.2 (1997): 83-95. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 6 Feb. 2015. Freibert, Lucy M. “Control and Creativity: The Politics of Risk in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid''s Tale.” Critical Essays on Margaret Atwood. Ed. Judith McCombs. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1988. 280-91. Print. Hancock, Geoff. “Tightrope-walking over Niagara Falls.” Margaret Atwood and Earl G. Ingersoll. Margaret Atwood: Conversations. Willowdale, Ont: Firefly Books, 1990. 191-220. Print. Hogsette, David S. “Margaret Atwood’s Rhetorical Epilogue in The Handmaid’s Tale: The Reader’s Role in Empowering Offred''s Speech Act.” Critique: Studies In Contemporary Fiction 38.4 (1997): 262-278. MLA International Bibliography.Web. 26 June 2015 Howells, Coral Ann. “Margaret Atwood’s Dystopian Visions: The Handmaid’s Tale and Oryx and Crake.” The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 161- 75. Print. Ingersoll, Earl G. “Introduction.” Margaret Atwood and Earl G. Ingersoll. Margaret Atwood: Conversations. Willowdale, Ont: Firefly Books, 1990. Print. Irigaray, Luce. “Place, Interval: A Reading of Aristotle, Physics IV.” An Ethics of Sexual Difference. Trans. Carolyn Burke and Gillian C. Gill. New York: Cornell UP, 1998. 34-55. Print. ---. “The Blind Spot of an Old Dream of Symmetry.” Speculum of the Other Woman. Trans. Gillian C. Gill. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1985. 13-129. Print. Johnson, Tara J. “The Aunts as an Analysis of Feminine Power in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale.” Nebula 1 (2004): 68-79. Web. 27 August. 2014. Kolodny, Annette. “Margaret Atwood and the Politics of Narrative.” Margaret Atwood. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadephia: Chelsea HP, 2000. 29-48. Print Lyons, Bonnie. “Using Other People’s Dreadful Childhoods.” Margaret Atwood and Earl G. Ingersoll. Margaret Atwood: Conversations. Willowdale, Ont: Firefly Books, 1990. 221-33. Print. Macpherson, Heidi Slettedahl. The Cambridge Introduction to Margaret Atwood. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. 56. Print. Makward, Christiane, Beatrice Cameron, and Ann Liddle. “My Text is Written in White and Black, in ‘Milk and Night.’” White Ink. Cambridge University Press, 2008. 58-78. Cambridge Books Online. Web. 1 June 2015. Myrsiades, Linda. “Law, Medicine, and the Sex Slave in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale.” Un-Disciplining Literature: Literature, Law, and Culture. Eds. Kostas Myesiades and Linda Myrsiades. Vol. 121. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education. Eds. Joe L. Kincheloe and Shirley R. Steinberg. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1999. 219-45. Print. Rao, Eleonora. “Home and Nation in Margaret Atwood’s Later Fiction.” The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. Cambridge University Press, 2006. 100-13. Print. Somacarrera, Pilar. “Power Politics: Power and Identity.” The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 43-57. Cambridge Companions Online. Web. 19 November 2014. Staines, David. “Margaret Atwood in Her Canadian Context.” The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006. 12-27. Print. ---. “Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid''s Tale: Scheherazade in Dystopia.” University Of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities 61.2 (1991): 269-279. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. Stein, Karen F. “Margaret Atwood’s Modest Proposal: The Handmaid’s Tale.” Margaret Atwood. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea HP, 2000. 191-204. Print. Weiss, Allan. “Offred’s Complicity and the Dystopian Tradition in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale.” Studies in Canadian Literature / Etudes en litterature canadienne [Online], 34.1 (2009): n. pag. Web. 25 Jun. 2015
摘要: 本篇論文探討瑪格麗特.艾特伍之《使女的故事》中,女性壓迫、覺醒和透過寫作女性建構主體之間的關係。並藉由幾位理論家如露西.伊瑞葛來提出的女性身體的理論,和伊蓮.·西克蘇主張之陰性書寫理論,探討《使女的故事》中,女性在父權壓迫之下,成為社會的犧牲者,且探究奧芙弗雷德如何透過講述故事顛覆父權,以及分析女性寫作在奧芙弗雷德的覺醒和建構女性主體中的關係。 本文主要分為三個章節以及導論和結語。導論扼要介紹研究動機,本文主要論點以及本篇論文的架構。第一章討論女性在父權霸權、宗教控制、視覺及性剝削之下所受到的壓迫。首先,根據幾位理論家的觀點,分析女性長期受到壓迫而導致男尊女卑,以及為了鞏固父權,女性在父權社會中失去主體性且成為男性的附屬品。第二章著眼於奧芙弗雷德的覺醒,是藉由建構女性房間為領域及回憶過去。第三章則著重奧芙弗雷德的講述故事為女性書寫以及瑪格麗特.艾特伍創作幾節取名為「夜」的動機,和女性寫作作為顛覆父權的女性力量。結語為本文的最後一部分,總結了本文的研究要點說明文中所提及的研究問題,以及釐清《使女的故事》中女性壓迫、覺醒和透過寫作女性建構主體間的關係。
This thesis examines the relation among women’s oppression, awakening and the reconstruction of female independence in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. Through Luce Irigaray’s reinterpretation of female bodies as space, Helene Cixous’s theory of feminine writing, and several theorists’s theories, such as Karen Stein, Glenn Deer and so on, I attempt to discuss women as victims of the patriarchal hegemony as well as female subversion because of subordinate women under surveillance, and Offred’s storytelling as her construction of female independence. I divide the thesis into three chapters together with an introduction and a conclusion. The introduction states my research intention, the essential argument, and the formation of this thesis. Chapter One mainly discusses women’s oppression under the patriarchal hegemony, religious control, visual and sexual exploitation, and victims of male hierarchy in the novel. First, I examine the oppression of women which leads to women’s inferiority to men acceding to Karen Stein’s, Heidi Slettedahl Macpherson’s, Glenn Deer’s, Pilar Somacarrera’s, and T. Johnson’s interpretations. Therefore, women lose their sovereignty and become men’s subordinates, which is to consolidate patriarchy in a male-dominated system in the novel. Chapter Two focuses on Offred’s awakening to her subjectivity by claiming her room and recollecting her past. Chapter Three concentrates on Offred’s tape recording as writing and speaking for women, seven parts of “Night” which Atwood creates for women, and female writing as subversion. The conclusion consolidates all the views to solve the research questions and to investigate the relation among women’s oppression, awakening and the reconstruction of Offred’s female independence.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95619
文章公開時間: 2020-08-24
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