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標題: 論石黑一雄《我輩孤雛》之國與家
Nation and Home in Kazuo Ishiguro''s When We Were Orphans
作者: 陳怡欣
Yi-Hsin Chen
關鍵字: 歷史

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摘要: 《我輩孤雛》為日裔英籍作家石黑一雄的第五本小說,《我輩孤雛》將場景設定在倫敦與上海,這兩個截然不同的城市,代表著兩種不同文化,這兩種文化影響個人對國與家的歸屬感。本論文討論國與家對個人的影響。第一章著墨於歷史層面,分析上海租界區如何形成以及鴉片貿易對小說中角色所帶來的衝擊,此章節引用班納迪克.安德森 (Benedict Anderson)國族為個體想像的概念,去探討民族認同之形成。第二章引用提姆.克瑞茲威爾(Tim Cresswell)的地方與錯置概念來詮釋鄉愁和離散,因離散與鄉愁源於個人對情境的格格不入。第三章延伸克瑞茲威爾文化地理學概念去闡述家的三個面向,家為心靈僻護所、棲息處及記憶的歸屬。就此三個面向探討家如何形塑個人身份與歸屬。
When We Were Orphans is Japanese British writer Kazuo Ishiguro’s fifth novel. The novel, set in London and Shanghai, addressed the impact of different cultures on the fictional characters’ sense of belonging. This thesis examines the twin concepts of home and nation in When We Were Orphans. Chapter One attends to the historical background of the International Settlement in Shanghai and the impact of opium trade on individuals. This chapter adopts Benedict Anderson’s idea that communities are imagined to illustrate how national identity is formed in the novel. Chapter Two adopts Tim Cresswell’s theory of cultural geography to explore the connection between nostalgia and displacement. Displacement occurs because one places oneself in a wrong place or encounters predicament. Chapter Three also adopts Tim Cresswell’s theory to examine home in three different standpoints: home as a sanctuary, home as a dwelling, and a depository of memories. It analyzes how the fictional characters situate themselves at home through these three different angles.
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所



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