Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95698
標題: 戶外熱舒適感受差異之研究
A Comparison Study on Differences of Outdoor Thermal Comfort
作者: 林怡君
Yi-Chun Lin
關鍵字: 熱舒適投票指數
熱感覺
熱喜好
熱接受
新標準有效溫度
人體背景資料
Thermal comfort
Thermal sensation
Thermal accepted
new standard effective temperature
human background information.
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摘要: 都市戶外環境關係到人們生活的舒適度與品質,近年來人們明顯體會到都市的熱島效應,並感受到生活環境品質及環境景觀皆日漸惡化。現今人們因每日長時間待在室內空間缺少接觸大自然和陽光的機會,近年來假日的戶外休閒活動成為人們舒壓放鬆的方式,因此開始越來越重視戶外遊憩空間的品質,戶外環境之人體熱舒適性越趨重要,同時提高戶外的遊憩品質,有助於提升人們健康及使用意願。戶外熱舒適過去十年多數研究探討外在環境因子與熱舒適之間的關係,以及從熱環境熱適應方面著手進行研究,藉由改變環境狀況達到人們對戶外空間的理想感受,但未有研究深入探討使用者的個人條件差異於熱舒適上。 本研究主要目的在於瞭解人體本身條件差異對舒適度感受之影響,探討的主題共有三項,首先是探討影響戶外舒適度之人體背景因子,其次是探討使用者不同背景條件對於戶外熱舒適接受度之差異,以及不同季節對於人體熱舒適度影響的因子是否相同。經文獻回顧後共歸納出九項人體背景資料,並分為進行秋、冬、春三季於台中市西區市民廣場進行現地物理微氣候因子數據監測,同時進行問卷調查後,進行熱舒適指數、熱感受指數、熱喜好指數、熱接受指數等主觀熱感受指數計算,以及採用RayMan計算客觀舒適溫度。接著以描述性統計、單因子變異數分析及迴歸分析進行多變量分析。研究結果發現 在三個季節中性別及睡眠長度的不同,在所有熱舒適指標中皆無顯著差異;而21歲以下的男性、教育程度為高中職以下、睡眠長度達7小時以上、喜好綠地空間的受測者對熱環境感到舒適的溫度範圍較廣;身體質量及職業則因應不同季節於溫度感受上有所差異;個性則與熱舒適指標關聯性較薄弱。就季節而言,冬季時較多項的背景因子於熱舒適指標呈現顯著的差異。
With the development of science and technology, people have paid considerable attention to the quality of indoor life and ignored the serious impact of this phenomenon upon the natural environment. The urban thermal environment is related to the comfort and quality of human habitation and in recent years, people have clearly experienced an urban heat island effect and a deterioration in living environment quality and in the environmental landscape. Modern people spend 80-90% of their time in a wide range of indoor environments. Staying indoors for long periods of time can prevent people from accessing nature and sunlight, delaying the relief of physical and mental stress for long intervals and thus affecting their health. Since a two-day weekend was implemented, leisure activities have become one of the main means for modern people to reduce pressure. People have paid more and more attention to the quality of outdoor recreation during holidays. Human thermal comfort in outdoor environments has become increasingly important and the enhancement of outdoor recreation quality can help improve the health and use intention of individuals. For outdoor thermal comfort, some studies have explored the relationship between external environmental factors and thermal comfort and conducted their investigations from the perspective of the thermal environment and thermal adaptation in order to achieve the ideal outdoor space experience by changing environmental conditions. The main aim of this study is to understand the feelings of comfort as experienced by the human body and a series of three goals were explored and proposed: 1. to understand differences in the acceptance of outdoor thermal comfort according to different users’ background conditions, 2. to understand the human background factors affecting outdoor comfort, and 3. to understand whether the factors affecting the thermal comfort of the human body are the same in different seasons. Nine human background factors were examined and the investigations were conducted in fall, winter and spring. The investigation site was the Taichung City West District Citizen Square, and large public green spaces that could attract participants from a variety of living conditions were mainly chosen for this study. A CENTER 314 humidity temperature meter and an LM-8000 anemometer were used to measure the microclimate data, including atmospheric temperature, radiation temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed. At the same time, participants’ background information was acquired by questionnaires, interviews, and on-site observations, and the actual subjective feelings in the current environments were indicated using a thermal comfort index, thermal sensation index, thermal preference index, and thermal acceptance index. The study results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, single-factor analysis of variance, and regression analysis to examine the correlations. This study is expected to provide more ideas for future research on thermal comfort, and the results of the analyses can have implications for more appropriate design and use of green park spaces and recreation areas after evaluation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95698
文章公開時間: 2020-08-16
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