Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95699
標題: 椰子水預處理及溫度處理對紅花石蒜小鱗莖與鱗莖生長之研究
Effects of coconut water pretreatment and temperature regulation on bulblet and bulb development in Lycoris radiata
作者: 楊璧瑜
Bi-Yu Yang
關鍵字: 紅花石蒜
雙鱗片
椰子水
溫度處理
鱗莖生長
葉片生長
Lycoris radiata
twin-scale
coconut water
temperature treatment
bulb development
leaves growth
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摘要: 由於紅花石蒜鱗莖生長緩慢,種球達開花球大小耗時長,故本研究探討增進鱗莖膨大的方法,分別由兩部分著手,一部分為鱗片繁殖,另一部分為栽培。鱗片繁殖為其主要無性繁殖方式,以50%椰子水預處理雙鱗片,可顯著提高小鱗莖形成率約10%,培養期間母鱗片中澱粉含量呈持續下降趨勢,以預處理椰子水之母鱗片下降幅度較大,顯示椰子水可促進鱗片養分的利用,預處理椰子水之母鱗片較對照組,氮元素於扦插第6週急遽下降,扦插第6週鉀元素含量上升至約1000 mg/100 gDW。雙鱗片至小鱗莖發生為一複雜過程,扦插培養各階段有其適合之溫度,20℃適合小鱗莖發生,肉眼可見白色突起即移置25℃,此溫度為小鱗莖膨大之最佳溫度,之後於20℃環境使根系生長,並使新生葉片抽出,此變溫處理所獲得之小鱗莖品質佳,且小鱗莖具有根系及葉片。其出葉型態屬於秋出葉型,夏季高溫造成地上部葉片枯黃萎凋,導致無法一年四季地上部均有葉片,本試驗於4月初葉片落葉之前將植株移往高海拔(2000 m)處進行栽培,涼溫使葉片能夠維持生長,再於不同月份將植株移回平地栽培,愈晚移回平地之植株,其無葉期愈短,此移溫方式可有效縮短無葉期時間,但促進鱗莖中澱粉累積及生長的效果不彰,各處理間之鱗莖寬無顯著差異,為19.20-20.43 mm。無葉期低溫5℃處理使紅花石蒜根活性降低且出葉時間有延後現象,處理一個月較對照組晚1個月,處理兩個月較對照組晚2個月,處理時間超過3個月對鱗莖生長有危害使出葉率下降。椰子水的使用及溫度的調節均對紅花石蒜鱗莖生長有助益及影響。
The bulb of Lycoris radiata grow slowly, it takes long time to reach flowering- sized bulbs. In this study, we hope to provide the methods for bulblet and bulb development, and experiment divided into two parts, included propagation and cultivation. Scale cutting is the major way for clonal propagation. The mother scales with 50% coconut water pretreatment could promote 10% bulblet formation. Starch content in mother scales significantly declined during cultivation, and the scales with coconut water treatment greatly decreased when comparing to control one. The result showed coconut water could promote starch metabolism. Compared with the control treatment, the nitrogen content in mother scales exhibited a sharp decline after cutting 6 weeks. On the contrary, potassium content in mother scales increased up to 1000 mg/100gDW at 6 weeks. Bulblet initiation is a complex process and each stage has the corresponding temperature. 20℃ was a greatly suitable temperature for bulblet initiation. When white bumps emerged at the basal of mother scales, then moving twin-scale to 25℃ which was appropriate for bulblet development. Rooting and leaves unfolding at 20℃ was most remarkable at the last stage of development. The temperature regulation treatment could get great bulblets with roots and leaves. Lycoris radiata, a winter-green geophyte, can not have leaves all the year around, because high temperatures in summer accelerates leaves senescence. Before leaves dried up in early April, we took plants to the higher altitude area (2000 m) which had lower temperature to maintain leaves survival. Then the plants were moved back to lowland area for culture in different months, we found the more days the plants at high altitude, the shorter the leafless period. The method of cultivation could cut down the time of leafless period, but unable to improve the starch content accumulation in bulbs and bulb development. The width of bulbs were 19.20-20.43 mm, without significant difference between each treatment. Bulbs in leafless period with 5℃ treatment would reduce the root activity and delay the leaves appearance. Treating for one month delayed one month and treating two months delayed two months. If bulbs in cold condition over three months would have damage and the rate of leaves appreance declined. The use of coconut water and regulation of temperature had a good effect on the bulb development of L. radiata.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95699
文章公開時間: 2018-08-07
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