請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95710
標題: 臺灣綠化樹木醣類含量年變化研究—以樟樹和楓香為例
Annual Variations of Carbohydrate Content Dynamics in Taiwanese Urban Trees —A Case Study of Camphor and Sweetgum Trees
作者: 張立詳
Li-Xiang Zhang
關鍵字: 醣類
楓香
樟樹
儲藏物質
亞熱帶
carbohydrate
Formosa sweetgum
camphor tree
reserves
subtropics
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摘要: 醣類是植物生理研究發展近百年的指標,因為身為自營生物的植物唯一能量來源就是光合產物,也就是葡萄糖,既是植物呼吸作用的燃料,又是建造樹木身體與製造抗病物質的材料,因此醣類含量在植物體內不同部位的變動,顯示植物將光合產物分配至何處,也就是在不同環境下,植物如何生存的策略。而保育樹木最佳的方式,就是理解樹木的生理,並按照其生理特性去維護管理。因此本研究選擇醣類含量變動做為指標,研究臺灣亞熱帶氣候下景觀樹種與環境的互動,以供景觀樹種維護管理參考。 本研究選擇臺灣原生樹種楓香(Liquidambar formosana (Hance))和樟樹(Cinnamomum camphora (L.))為試驗材料,試驗地點位於臺灣臺中市中興大學校園。兩種樹種各有6株樹木,每月採樣葉枝根各3重複,自2016年3月開始到2017年2月。使用苯酚硫酸法測定樣品中總可溶性糖(Total Soluble Sugar, TSS)和澱粉(starch)含量,然後比較其含量逐月變化,與季節變化比較,探究楓香與樟樹如何與臺灣氣候狀況互動。 試驗結果顯示兩種樹種的醣類含量變化與季節變化有高度關聯。兩種樹種葉枝根總可溶性糖與澱粉從深冬進入春天時,均有降低的趨勢,表示此時一部分醣類供給要在冬季期間葉與花芽的分化,以預備春天萌發;並有另一部分供給地上部轉化成可溶性糖來適應冬季寒冷與乾旱,因此可觀察到葉與枝冬季總可溶性糖含量上升。 另外,兩種樹種葉與枝的醣類年變化相似,僅根部不同,顯示在臺灣氣候下生長的楓香與樟樹,其落葉與常綠醣類利用模式間的差別,可能不像溫帶那樣分明。樟樹根部澱粉雖與楓香一樣有兩個高峰,且波動時間相似,但波動量比楓香還低,顯示樟樹可能傾向將光合產物儲存於地上部,以供全年生長新葉使用。
Carbohydrate is an index that has been developed for near a hundred years in plant physiology. As an autotroph, plants depend on photosynthate, or glucose, as their only source of energy. Carbohydrate also serves as materials of respiration, wood building, and defensive chemicals production. Owing to aforementioned reasons, carbohydrate content dynamics in different parts of plants show how plants distribute photosynthate and how they survive under various environments. Also, the best preserving way of trees in human cognition is to understand physiology of trees, and to maintain trees based on their physiological properties. Therefore, this study was used carbohydrate content dynamics as a physiological index to observe how urban trees have been interacted with the subtropical environment of Taiwan, and then providing suggestions of urban trees maintenances. This study has been taken two native species: Formosa sweetgum (Liquidambar formosana) and camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) for examples at campus of National Chung Hsing University in Taichung City, Taiwan. Each species has been detected for 6 individual trees. Triplicate sample collection were used for leaves, branches, and root which collected once per month from March 2016 to February 2017. Total Soluble Sugar (TSS) and starch content in samples were determined by phenol-sulfuric acid method. Then this approach was compared carbohydrate content dynamics of two species with the factors of season changing, exploring how these two species to be detected to interact with the subtropical environment of Taiwan. The results were shown that carbohydrate content dynamics of both species has higher correlation with seasonal changes. Their TSS and starch content in leaves, branches, and roots was detected to be lower from the middle of winter to spring, which means that a fraction of carbohydrates offered for differentiation of leaf and flower bud during winter, preparing for the bud break in spring. The other fraction of carbohydrates turned into soluble sugars for the aboveground part of trees to adopt to coldness and drought during winter. Thus, TSS increased in leaves and branches. Besides, the carbohydrate content dynamics of leaves and branches were similar in both species, while dynamics of roots were different. This means that the differences of carbohydrate utilization models between deciduous and evergreen trees might be ambiguous under subtropical climate compared with temperate climate. Furthermore, starch content of roots of camphor trees and Formosa sweetgum both had two peaks in one year, and the time of peaks were similar. However, the degree of fluctuation of camphor trees was less than that of Formosa sweetgums, which means camphor trees might tend to store photosynthate in aboveground part in order to grow new leaves continuously throughout every season.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95710
文章公開時間: 2017-08-31
顯示於類別:園藝學系

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