請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95713
標題: 貯藏溫度、益收與電石催色對‘Eureka’檸檬果皮轉色及品質之影響
Effect of Storage Temperature, Ethephon and Calcium Carbide Degreeing on Coloration and Fruit Quality of ‘Eureka’ Lemon(Citrus limon L. Burm. F. cv. ‘Eureka’) Fruits
作者: 賴筱茹
Hsiao-Ju Lai
關鍵字: 檸檬
溫度
益收
電石
Lemon
Temperature
Ethephon
Calcium Carbide
引用: 王兆銓、魏煥萎。1968。雪柑應用電石催色試驗。中國園藝。14:152-158。 李文豪。2017。檸檬栽培管理要點。高雄區農業技術專刊。7:2-15。 李堂察。2009。柑橘貯藏技術。興大農業。68:8-11。 呂明雄。2005。柑桔。臺灣農家要覽。農作篇:19-27。 林詠洲、陳邦華、蔡雲鵬。2013。柑橘生長與栽培管理。pp.31-32. 林建志、薛淑滿、謝慶昌。2005。溫度對採後明尼桔柚果皮轉色及品質之影響。台灣柑桔產業發展研討會專刊。pp.375-383。 黃祐慈。2004。乙烯催色。低溫檢疫處理與貯放溫度對椪柑轉色之影響。國立臺灣大學園藝學系碩士論文。pp.64-72。 黃祐慈、劉富文。2007。椪柑採收後模擬低溫檢疫處理,貯放溫度及提早採收對轉色之影響。台灣園藝。53:267-277。 陳盟松。2013。不同藥劑處理對椪柑果實催色之影響。臺中區農業改良場特刊。117期:87-93。 陳盟松。2015。利用益收生長素促進椪柑提早轉色技術。臺中區農業改良場特刊。129期:113-118。 楊秀珠。2013。貯藏病害之發生與防治。柑橘生長與栽培管理。pp.155-167。 楊秀珠、王怡玎、呂明雄、李堂察、洪士程、徐信次、陳富永、童伯開、黃阿賢、黃莉欣、黃裕銘、蔡東纂、蘇文瀛。2002。柑橘整合管理。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所。pp.11-36。 劉富文、黃祐慈、梁穎芝。2007。椪柑用乙烯催色之效果與方法。台灣園藝。53:395-407。 劉富文、韓青秀、梁穎芝。2005。椪柑、桶柑與柳橙在長期貯藏中各品質指標值之變化。中國園藝。51:217-228。 劉富文、潘靜慧、薛淑滿、洪紫馨。1998。採收成熟度及貯藏溫度對椪柑貯藏壽命之影響。中國園藝。44:239-252 農業統計年報(105)年。2017。行政院農業委員會。 Ahren, M. J. and X. R. Barmore. 1987. Interactive effect of temperature and ethylene concentration on postharvest color development in citrus. Acta. Hort. 201:21-27. Barry, G.H. and A.A. Van Wyk. 2006. Low-temperature cold shock may induce rind colour development of ‘Nules Clementine’ mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 40:82-88. Carmona, L., L. Zacarías, and M.J. Rodrigo. 2012. Stimulation of coloration and carotenoid biosynthesis during postharvest storage of ‘Navelina’ orange fruit at 12℃. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 74:108-117. Conesa, A., J.M. Brotons, F.J. Manera, and I. Porras. 2014. The degreening of lemon and grapefruit in ethylene atmosphere: A cost analysis. Sci. Hortic. 179:140-145. Jacob-Wilk, D., D. Holland, E. E. Goldschmidt, J. Riov, and Y. Eyal. 1999. Chlorophyll breakdown by chlorophyllase: isolation and functional expression of the Chlase1 gene from ethylene-treated Citrus fruit and its regulation during development. Plant J. 20:653-661. Ladaniya, M. S. 2008. Storage systems and response of citrus fruits. Citrus Fruit. 333-373, XV. Lado, J., L. Zacarı´as., A. Gurrea, A. Page, A. Stead, and M.J. Rodrigo. 2015. Exploring the diversity in Citrus fruit colouration to decipher the relationship between plastid ultrastructure and carotenoid composition. Planta 242:645-661. Ljubešić, N. 1984. Structural and Functional Changes of Plastids during yellowing and regreening of Lemon Fruits. Acta Bot. Croat. 43:25-30. McGuire, R. G. 1992. Reporting of Objective Color Measurements. HortScience. 27:1254-1255. Manera, F.J., J.M. Brotons, A. Conesa, and I. Porras. 2013. Relation between temperature and the beginning of peel color change in grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.). Sci. Hortic. 160:292-299. Manera, F. J., J. M. Brotons, A. Conesa, and I. Porras. 2012. Influence of temperature on the beginning of degreening in lemon peel. Sci. Hortic. 145:34-38. Mayuoni, L., M. Sharabi-Schwager, E. Feldmesser, and R. Porat. 2011. Effects of ethylene degreening on the transcriptome of mandarin flesh. Posth. Biol. Tech. 60:75-82. Mayuoni, L., Z. Tietel, B.S. Patil, and R. Porat. 2011. Does ethylene degreening affect internal quality of citrus fruit? Posth. Biol. Tech. 62:50-58. Moscoso-Ramírez, P. A. and L. Palou. 2014. Effect of ethylene degreening on the development of postharvest penicillium molds and fruit quality of early season citrus fruit. Posth. Biol. Tech. 91:1-8. Petracek, P. D. and L. Montavo. 1997. The degreening of ''Fallglo'' tangerine. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 122:547–552. Porras, I., J.M. Brotons, A. Conesa, and F.J. Manera. 2014. Influence of temperature and net radiation on the natural degreening process of grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.) cultivars Rio Red and Star Ruby. Sci. Hortic. 173:45-53. Purvis, A. C. and C. R. Barmore. 1981. Involvement of ethylene in chlorophyll degradation in peel of Citrus fruits. 68:854-856. Ritenour, M. A., W. M. Millrt, and W. W. Wardowski. 2003. Recommendations for Degreening Florida Fresh Citrus Fruits. University of Florida, Gainesville. Electronic Data Information Source (EDIS) Cir1170. Rodrigo, M. J., B. Alquézar, E. Alós, J. Ladoa, and L. Zacarías. 2013. Biochemical bases and molecular regulation of pigmentation in the peel of Citrus fruit. Sci. Hortic. 163:46-62. Peng, G., X. L. Xie, Q. Jiang, S. Song, and C. J. Xu. 2013. Chlorophyll a/b binding protein plays a key role in natural and ethylene-induced degreening of Ponkan (Citrus reticulata Blanco). Sci. Hortic. 160:37-43. Porat, R. 2008. Degreening of Citrus Fruit. Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology. 2:71-76. Rodriguez-Concepcion, M. and C. Stange. 2013. Biosynthesis of carotenoids in carrot: An underground story comes to light. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 539:110-116. Rodrigo, M. J. and L. Zacarias. 2007. Effect of postharvest ethylene treatment on carotenoid accumulation and the expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes in the flavedo of orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) fruit. Posth. Biol. Tech. 43:14-22. Sdiri, S., P. Navarro, A. Monterde, J. Benabda, and A. Salvadora. 2012. Effect of postharvest degreening followed by a cold-quarantine treatment on vitamin C, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of early-season citrus fruit. 2012. Posth. Biol. Tech. 65:13-21. Sdiri, S., P. Navarro, A. Monterde, J. Benabda, and A. Salvadora. 2012. New degreening treatments to improve the quality of citrus fruit combining different periods with and without ethylene exposure. Posth. Biol. Tech. 63:25-32. Tietel, Z., B. Weiss, E. Lewinsohn, E. Fallik, and R. Porat. 2010. Improving taste and peel color of early-season Satsuma mandarins by combining high-temperature conditioning and degreening treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 57:1-5. Trebitsh, T., E. E. Goldschmidt, and J. Riov. 1993. Ethylene induces de novo synthesis of chlorophyllase, a chlorophyll degrading enzyme, in Citrus fruit peel. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 90:9441-9445. Wei, X., C. Chen, Q. Yu, A. Gadya, Y. Yu, G. Liangb, F. G. Gmitter Jr. 2014. Comparison of carotenoid accumulation and biosynthetic gene expression between Valencia and Rohde Red Valencia sweet oranges. Plant Science. 227:28-36. Yuan, Z., L. Deng, B. Yin, S. Yao, and K. Zeng. 2017. Effects of blue LED light irradiation on pigment metabolism of ethephon degreened mandarin fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 134:45-54. Zhou, J.Y., C.D. Sun, L.L. Zhang, X. Dai, C.J. Xu, and K.S. Chen. 2010. Preferential accumulation of orange-colored carotenoids in Ponkan (Citrus reticulata) fruit peel following postharvest application of ethylene or ethephon. Sci. Hortic. 126:229-235.
摘要: 本試驗探討貯藏溫度、益收及電石處理對促進檸檬果皮轉色之效果與貯藏品質之影響。採收後檸檬貯藏於12℃有最佳的轉色效果,於貯藏至第28天即有80 %以上轉色度。以395ppm益收催色處理搭配25℃貯藏環境15天可得到良好的轉色效果,另外以30g電石催色處理3天即可得到完全轉色之檸檬果實,為試驗中最迅速達到轉色目的之催色方法,惟經催色處理之果實果蒂脫落情形嚴重,果實失重率也會隨著貯藏溫度增加而提升。 檸檬果實採收後貯藏於12℃下自然轉色效果最佳,轉色指標a*/b*值與色相角(h°)於貯藏後第7天開始顯著變化,a*/b*值增加而色相角減少,於第28天12℃下以肉眼觀察果實已有80 %以上的轉色程度。以1~9℃低溫貯藏後回溫至12或20℃下貯藏,未有良好之轉色效果;另試驗將果實放於呼吸缸以加濕器維持貯藏濕度,果實失重率受到明顯的控制,惟試驗中20℃貯藏溫度下果實腐爛率比例增加,腐爛率可能與採收時氣候條件相關,但潮濕而溫暖的貯藏條件助長了果實的腐爛情形。 將99~395ppm益收催色處理後分別置於12℃貯藏環境中,貯藏至第24天各組轉色率皆可達80%以上,惟各組間並無顯著差異。395ppm益收處理後貯藏於25℃貯藏環境中貯藏,可得轉色迅速且呈色良好的果實,果實失重情形隨著貯藏溫度增加而上升。檸檬以電石處理3天可得到完全轉色之果實,果皮顏色黃中帶綠,隨貯藏時間及溫度逐漸加深,逐漸為橙黃色,其中以貯藏於18及25℃之轉色佳,貯藏於25℃下果實於試驗結束時果實表皮較無彈性且光澤度下降。催色處理可加速檸檬的轉色,催色後的貯藏溫度及濕度的調控為轉色果實貯藏時間的關鍵。
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of storage temperature, Ethephon degreening and Calcium carbide(CaC2) on the coloration of lemon peel and the fruit quality. It revealed that 80% peel surface area became yellowing after fruits were stored at 12℃ for 28 days. It was the best temperature treatments when compared with other treatments of 3℃, 9℃, 15℃ and 20℃ The yellow effect was also ideal when lemon fruits were that with 395 ppm Ethephon and stored at 25℃ for 15 days. In addition, peel (surface) color completely turned yellow after fruits were that with 30g Calcium carbide (CaC2) for 3 days. This is the fastest way for peel yellowing in this study. However, it will lead to fruit button abscission and fruit weight loss rate due to the increasing of storage temperature.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95713
文章公開時間: 2021-02-07
顯示於類別:園藝學系

文件中的檔案:
檔案 大小格式 
nchu-107-7104032113-1.pdf2.99 MBAdobe PDF 請求副本


在 DSpace 系統中的文件,除了特別指名其著作權條款之外,均受到著作權保護,並且保留所有的權利。