請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95726
標題: 幾種有機添加物對‘珍珠’番石榴南方根瘤線蟲的防治效果
Effect of Several Organic Soil Amendments on Management of Guava (Psidium guajava L. cv. ''Jen-Ju'') Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita)
作者: 蘇永傑
Yong-Jie Su
關鍵字: 番石榴
根瘤線蟲
萬壽菊
蓖麻粕
蝦蟹殼粉
肉桂醛
Guava
root-knot nematodes
marigold
castor bean meal
shrimp/crab shell powder
cinnamaldehyde
引用: 三好 洋. 1978. 生産ろヘノギ土壌分類: シゑズ土壌調査ズプゲサ得ヘホギ測定値シ土壌分類ズコゆサ. 土肥誌 49:170-179. 王玉霞、喬虹、劉子僑. 2016. 蓖麻毒素毒性作用機制及防治研究進展. 中國藥理學與毒理學雜誌 30(12):1385-1396. 安玉興、孫東磊、周麗娟、徐漢虹. 2009. 菊科植物的殺線蟲活性研究與應用. 中國農學通報 25(23):364-369. 吳明昌. 1988. 台灣番石榴營養分析. 高雄區農業推廣簡訊. 高雄區農業改良場編印. pp. 25. 邱建忠、蔡東纂、陳珮臻. 2012. 施用十種肥料對土壤酸鹼度及南方根瘤線蟲侵入和發育之影響. 植物病理學會刊 21:21-27. 何美慶. 2014. 葉綠素螢光作為評估番石榴溫度逆境之指標. 國立中興大學園藝學系碩士論文. 台灣台中. 128 pp. 林正忠. 2005. 番石榴線蟲病害, p. 96-100. 刊於:宋華聰主編. 植物保護圖鑑系列15-番石榴保護. 行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局. 台北. 金汝城、賈超、楊曉華、譚玉玲、侯楠楠. 2008. 蓖麻毒蛋白的分離純化及其對南方根結線蟲殺滅效果的研究. 中國醫藥生物技術 4:293-296. 周浩平. 2011. 番石榴根瘤線蟲之綜合防治技術. 高雄區農業專訊 78:14-15. 陳昱初、周浩平. 2011. 番石榴病害防治技術之研究. 台中區農業改良場番石榴栽培技術與經營管理研討會論文集. 行政院農業委員會臺中區農業改良場編印. pp. 197-215. 高倩圓、胡飛龍、祝紅紅、劉滿強、李輝信、胡鋒. 2011. 蓖麻提取物對南方根結線蟲的防治作用. 應用生態學報 22(11):3033-3038. 陳清義. 1988. 植物營養學. 國立中興大學. 台灣台中. 261 pp. 陸景陵. 1994. 植物營養學(上冊). 北京農業大學出版社. 中國北京. 孫媚華、陳遷、宋光泉、劉勇、杜建軍. 2009. 蓖麻毒蛋白的研究與應用. 廣東化工 9:144-145. 荊樹英. 1992. 營養缺乏與過量對非洲菊生理及瓶插壽命之影響. 國立中興大學園藝學系碩士論文. 台灣台中. 204 pp. 陳鴻堂. 2005. 設施栽培之合理化施肥技術. 合理化施肥專刊. 行政院農業委員會農業試驗所編印. pp. 147-165. 莊作權、譚鎮中. 1989. 植物營養學. 國立編譯館. 台灣台北. 許華、阮維斌、高玉葆、宋曉艷、魏宇昆. 2010. 根結線蟲對黃瓜葉片氮磷含量、土壤pH 和酶活性的影響. 應用生態學報 21(8):2038-2044. 張鐵耀、李衍素、郭允娜、閻妍、賀超興、於賢昌. 2014. 萬壽菊間作密度對黃瓜南方根結線蟲防效和黃瓜生長與產量的影響. 中國生物防治學報 30(3):348-354. 程永雄、莊明富、蔡東纂. 2001. 洋香瓜囊叢枝內生菌根菌與根瘤線蟲之相互關係. 植物病理學會刊 10:19-26. 黃祥慶、蔡宜峰、賴文龍. 1989. 中部地區主要蔬菜栽培之土壤障害因子調查. 臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 24:63-70. 廖玉琬、徐善德. 1999. 植物生理學. 啟英文化. 台灣台北. 鄭安亨、林慧玲. 2005. ''珍珠拔''番石榴葉片、果實礦物元素及品質之相關性. 興大園藝 30(2):23-32. 鄭安秀、陳紹崇、楊清富、吳雅芳、林經偉. 2008. 設施栽培作物根瘤線蟲之管理. 台南區農業專訊 65:1-4. 蔡東篡. 1999. 植物寄生性線蟲病害之化學防治. 植物病理學會刊 8:41-50. 蔡東篡. 2002. 植物病原線蟲之生物防治. 興大農業 42:10-18. 蔡東纂. 2009. 根瘤線蟲, p. 107-110. 刊於:許天來主編. 植物保護圖鑑系列19-甜瓜保護. 行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局. 台北. 劉敏莉. 2012. 葉綠素螢光在作物耐熱性篩選之應用. 高雄區農業改良場研究彙報 21(1):1-15. 潘瑞熾. 2008. 植物生理學. 藝軒圖書出版社. 台灣台北. 320 pp. 謝鴻業. 2013. 台灣番石榴品種的發展趨勢. 園藝之友 160:15-19. 顏志恆、林俊義、陳殿義、李明達、蔡東纂. 1998. 拮抗植物抑制南方根瘤線蟲族群之效用. 植物病理學會刊 7: 94-104. Abad, P., J. Gouzy, J. M. Aury, P. C. Sereno, E. G J Danchin, E. Deleury, L. P. Barbeoch, V. Anthouard, F. Artiguenave, V. C Blok, M. C. Caillaud, P. M Coutinho, C. Dasilva, F. D. Luca, F. Deau, M. Esquibet, T. Flutre, J. V Goldstone, N. Hamamouch, T. Hewezi, O. Jaillon, C. Jubin, P. Leonetti, M. Magliano, T. R Maier, G. V Markov, P. M. Veigh, G. Pesole, J. Poulain, M. R.Rechavi, E. Sallet, B. Segurens, D. Steinbach, T. Tytgat, E. Ugarte, C. Ghelder, P. Veronico, T. J Baum, M. Blaxter, T. B. Zacheo, E. L Davis, J. J Ewbank, B. Favery, E. Grenier, B. Henrissat, J. T Jones, V. Laudet, A. G Maule, H. Quesneville, M. N. Rosso, T. Schiex, G. Smant, J. Weissenbach, and P. Wincker. 2008. Genome sequence of the metazoan plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Nat. Biotechnol. 26:909-915. Adomako, J. and C. K. Kwoseh. 2013. Effect of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) aqueous extracts on the performance of root-knot nematodes (Meloideogyne spp.) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). J. Sci. Technol. 33(1):1-11. Ahmed, N., M. W. Abbasi, S. S. Shaukat, and M. J. Zaki. 2009. Physiological changes in leaves of mungbean plants infected with Meloidogyne javanica. Phytopathol. Mediterr. 48:262–268. Arnon, D. I. and P. R. Stout. 1939. The essentiality of certain elements in minute quantity for plant with special reference to copper. Plant Physiol. 14(2):371-375. Bergmann, W. 1988. Farbtafeln. Cu. Bild 520-577. In: Ernahrungsstorngen bei Kulturpflanzen. Ficher Verlag, Jena. Bhau, B., B. Borah, R. Ahmed, P Phukon, B. Gogoi, D. Sarmah, M Lal, and S. Wann. 2016. Influence of root-knot nematode infestation on antioxidant enzymes, chlorophyll content and growth in Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 54:254-261. Brown, P. H., R. D. Graham and D. J. D. Nicholas. 1984. The effects of managanese and nitrate supply on the levels of phenolics and lignin in young wheat plants. Plant Soil 81:437-440. Caboni, P., N. Aissani, T. Cabras, A. Falqui, R. Marotta, B. Liori, N. Ntalli, G. Sarais, N. Sasanelli, and G. Tocco. 2013. Potent nematicidal activity of phthalaldehyde, salicylaldehyde, and cinnamic aldehyde against Meloidogyne incognita. Agric. Food Chem. 61:1794-1803. Carneiro, R. G., P. Mazzafera, L. C. C. B. Ferraz, T. Muraoka, and P. C. O. Trivelin. 2001. Uptake and translocation of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium in soybean infected with Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica. Fitopatol. Bras. 27(2):141-150. Castro-Vargas, H. I., L. I. Rodriguez-Varela, S. R. S. Ferreira, and F. Parada-Alfonso. 2010. Extraction of phenolic fraction from guava seeds (Psidium guajava L.) using supercritical carbon dioxide and co-solvents. J. Supercrit. Fluids 51(3):319-324. Cornelius, W. W. and W. Wycliffe. 2015. Tagetes (Tagetes minuta) oils, pp. 791-802. In: V. R. Preedy (ed.). Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety. Academic Pr., Amsterdam, Ind. El-Gengaihi, S. E., H. A. Osman, M. M. A. Youssef, and S. M. Mohamed. 2001. Efficacy of Tagetes species extracts on the mortality of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchus reniformis. Bull. Nat. Res. Cent. Egypt. 26:441-450. El-Sayed, S. M. and M. E. Mahdy. 2015. Effect of chitosan on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica on tomato plants. Int. J. Chemtech Res. 7(4):1985-1992. Epstein, E. 1972. Mineral nutrition of plants: principles and perspectives. Department of soils and plant nutrition, Univ. of Calif. Faizi, S., S. Fayyaz, S. Bano, E. Y. Iqbal, Lubna, H. Siddiqi, and A. Naz. 2011. Isolation of nematicidal compounds from Tagetes patula L. yellow flowers: structure-activity relationship studies against cyst nematode Heterodera zeae infective stage larvae. J. Agric. Food Chem. 59:9080-9093. Gan, J., S. R. Yates, F. F. Ernst, and W. A. Jury. 2000. Degradation and volatilization of the fumigant chloropicrin after soil treatment. J. Environ. Qual. 29:1391-1397. Gorbe, E. and A. Calatayud. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence imaging technique in horticultural research: A review. Sci. Hortic. 138:24-35. Hackney, R. W. and O. J. Dickerson. 1975. Marigold, Castor Bean, and Chrysanthemum as Controls of Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus alleni. J. Nematol. 7(1):84-90. Haegeman, A., S. Mantelin, J. T. Jones, and G. Gheysen. 2012. Functional roles of effectors of plant-parasitic nematodes. Gene 492:19-31. Hartt, C. E. 1969. Effect of potassium deficiency upon translocation of 14C in attached blades and entire plants of sugarcane. Plant Physiol. 44:1461-1469. Hasabo, S. A. and E. M. A. Noweer. 2005. Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on eggplant with some plant extracts. Egypt. J. Phytopathol. 33(2):65-72. Huang G., R. Dong, R. Allen, E. L. Davis, T. J. Baum, and R. S. Hussey. 2006. A root-knot nematode secretory peptide functions as a ligand for a plant transcription factor. Mol. Plant Microbe. Interact. 19:463-470 Hurchanik, D., D. P. Schmitt, N. V. Hue, and B. S. Sipes. 2003. Relationship of Meloidogyne konaensis population densities to nutritional status of coffee roots and leaves. Nematropica 33:55-64. Jaouannet, M., L. P. Barbeoch, E. Deleury, M. Magliano, G. Engler, P. Vieira, E. G. J. Danchin, M. D. Rocha, P. Coquillard, P. Abad, and M. N. Rosso. 2012. A root-knot nematode-secreted protein is injected into giant cells and targeted to the nuclei. New Phytol. 194:924-931. Jardim, I. N., D. F. Oliveira, G. H. Silva, V. P. Campos, and P. E. Souza. 2017. (E)-cinnamaldehyde from the essential oil of Cinnamomum cassia controls Meloidogyne incognita in soybean plants. J. Pest Sci. 18:1-9. Jaubert, S., J. B. Laffaire, P. Abad, and M. N. Rosso. 2002. A polygalacturonase of animal origin isolated from the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. FEBS Letters 522:109-112. Jung, W. J., S. J. Jung, K. N. An, Y. L. Jin, R. D. Park, K. Y. Kim, B. K. Shon, and T. H. Kim. 2002. Effect of chitinase-producing Paenibacillus illinoisensis KJA-424 on egg hatching of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita). J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 12(6):865–871. Kabana, R. R., D. Boube, and R. W. Young. 1989. Chitinous materials from blue crab for control of root-knot nematode. I. Effect of urea and enzymatic studies. Nematropica 19(1):53-74. Kikuchi, T., J. T Jones, T. Aikawa, H. Kosaka, and N. Ogura. 2004. A family of glycosyl hydrolase family 45 cellulases from the pine wood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. FEBS Letters 572:201-205. Kliewer, W. M. 1977. Influence of temperature, solar radiation and nitrogen on coloration and composition of emperor grapes. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 28:96-103. Lehman, P. S. 1979. Factors influencing nematode control with marigolds. Fla. Dept. Agric. & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. Nematology Circular 50, 2 pp. Leshem, Y. Y., A. H. Halevy, and C. Frenkel. 1986. Processes and control of plant senescence. CRC Pr., Boca Raton, Florida. Lisker, E., M. Ensminger, S. Gill, and K. Goh. 2011. Detections of eleven organophosphorus insecticides and one herbicide threatening pacific salmonids, Oncorhynchus spp., in California, 1991–2010. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 87(4):355-360. Lopez-Gomez, M., E. Flor-Peregrín, M. Talavera, F. J. Sorribas, and S. Verdejo-Lucas. 2015. Population dynamics of Meloidogyne javanica and its relationship with the leaf chlorophyll content in zucchini. Crop Prot. 70:8-14. Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Second Edition. Academic Pr., London. Marschner, H. and I. Cakmak. 1986. Mechanism of phosphorus‐induced zinc deficiency in cotton. II. Evidence for impaired shoot control of phosphorus uptake and translocation under zinc deficiency. Physiol. Plant. 68:491-496. Melakeberhan, H., J. M. Webster, R. C. Brooke, J. M. D''Auria, and M. Cackette. 1987. Effect of Meloidogyne incognita on plant nutrient concentration and its influence on the physiology of beans. J. Nematol. 19(3):324–330. Mills, H. A. and J. B. Jones. 1996. Essential nutrients. Plant analysis handbook II. Micro Macro Publishing. pp. 6-62. Mineau, P. 2002. Estimating the probability of bird mortality from pesticide sprays on the basis of the field study record. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 21(7):1497-1506. Morris, K. N. and I. G. Wool. 1992. Determination by systematic deletion of the amino acids essential for catalysis by ricin A chain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 89:4869-4873. Natarajan, N., A. Cork, N. Boomathi, R. Pandi, S. Velavan, and G. Dhakshnamoorthy. 2006. Cold aqueous extracts of African marigold, Tagetes erecta for control tomato root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Crop Prot. 25:1210-1213. Oduor-Owino, P. 2003. Integrated management of root-knot nematodes using agrochemicals, organic matter and the antagonistic fungus, Paecilomyces lilacinus in natural field soil. Nematol. Medit. 31:121-123. Omwega, C. O., I. J. Thomason, and P. A. Roberts. 1988. A nondestructive technique for screening bean germplasm for resistance to Meloidogyne incognita. Plant Dis. 72(11):970-972. Park, I. K., J. Y. Park, K. H. Kim, K. S. Choi, I. H. Choi, C. S. Kim, and S. C. Shin. 2005. Nematicidal activity of plant essential oils and components from garlic (Allium sativum) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) oils against the pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus). Nematology 7(5):767-774. People T. R. and D. W. Koch. 1979. Role of potassium in carbon dioxide assimilation in Medicago sativa L. Plant Physiol. 63:878-881. Ploeg, A. T. 2002. Effects of selected marigold varieties on root-knot nematodes and tomato and melon yields. Plant Dis. 86:505-508. Pudasaini, M. P., N. Viaene, and M. Moens. 2006. Effect of marigold (Tagetes patula) on population dynamics of Pratylenchus penetrans in a field. Nematology 8(4):477-484. Radwan, M. A., S. A. A. Farrag, M. M. Abu-Elamayem, and N. S. Ahmed. 2011. Extraction, characterization, and nematicidal activity of chitin and chitosan derived from shrimp shell wastes. Biol. Fertil. Soils 48:463-468. Rich, J. R., G. S. Rahi, C. H. Opperman, and E. L. Davis. 1989. Influence of the castor bean (Ricinus communis) lectin (ricin) on motility of Meloidogyne incognita. Nematropica 19(1):99-103. Sahebani, N. and N. Hadavi. 2008. Biological control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica by Trichoderma harzianum. Soil Biol. Biochem. 40:2016-2020. Sandalio, L. M. and L. A. D. Río. 1987. Localization of superoxide dismutase in glyoxysomes from Citrullus vulgaris. Functional implications in cellular metabolism. J. Plant Physiol. 127:395-409. Steponkus, P. L. and F. O. Lanphear. 1967. Refinement of the triphenyl tetrazolium chloride method of determining cold injury. Plant Physiol. 42(10):1423-1426. Sturz, A.V. and J. Kimpinski. 2004. Endoroot bacteria derived from marigolds (Tagetes spp.) can decrease soil population densities of root-lesion nematodes in the potato root zone. Plant Soil 262:241-249. Suelte, C. H. 1970. Enzymes activated by monovalent cations. Science 168:789-795. Suganda, T. 1999. Natural chitinous amendment for controlling root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) of tomato. J. Agrikultura 10(1):17-19. Szewczak, A. A., P. B. Moore, Y. L. Chang, and I. G. Wool. 1993. The conformation of the sarcin/ricin loop from 28S ribosomal RNA. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 90:9581-9585. Terry, N. and A. Ulrich. 1973. Effects of phosphorus deficiency on the photosynthesis and respiration of leaves of sugar beet. Plant Physiol. 54:379-381. Thakur, S. K. 2014. Effect of Meloidogyne incognita on chlorophyll, carotenoid content and physiological function of Mentha arvensis. Agric. Sci. Digest. 34(3):219-222. Tibugari, H., D. Mombeshora, R. Mandumbu, C. Karavina, and C. Parwada. 2012. A comparison of the effectiveness of the aqueous extracts of garlic, castor beans and marigold in the biocontrol of root-knot nematode in tomato. J. Agr. Technol. 8(2):479-492. Vanholme, B., W. V. Thuyne, K. Vanhouteghem, J. D. Meutter, B. Cannoot, and G. Gheysen. 2007. Molecular characterization and functional importance of pectate lyase secreted by the cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii. Mol. Plant Pathol. 8(3):267-278. Walter, T. E. 1967. Report east malling exp. Stn. pp. 70-82. Wang, K. H., C. R Hooks, and A. Ploeg. 2007. Protecting crops from nematode pests: using marigold as an alternative to chemical nematicides. Plant Dis. 35:1-6. Westlake, G. E., P. J. Bunyan, A. D. Martin, P. I. Stanley, and L. C. Steed. 1981. Carbamate poisoning. Effects of selected carbamate pesticides on plasma enzymes and brain esterases of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). J. Agric. Food Chem. 29:779-785. White, P. J. and M. R. Broadley. 2003. Calcium in plants. Ann. Bot. 92:487-511.
摘要: 番石榴為台灣重要經濟栽培果樹,然而近年來受到根瘤線蟲危害嚴重,致使番石榴產量降低。目前普遍防治根瘤線蟲之方法為施用屬於化學農藥之殺線蟲劑,而化學農藥防治常造成破壞生態及殘留的問題,因此,研發非農藥防治方法是重要課題,而本試驗選取四種農業有機土壤添加物來對抗根瘤線蟲。 於栽培介質中添加‘Evergreen’萬壽菊粉末、蓖麻粕、蝦蟹殼粉、澆灌肉桂醛及間作‘Evergreen’萬壽菊均能有效減少‘珍珠’番石榴盆苗介質中根瘤線蟲之密度、降低番石榴根瘤指數及根瘤數,減緩根部根瘤形成,其中以萬壽菊及蓖麻粕處理效果較好。植株生長方面,萬壽菊粉末處理提高了植株枝條數、株高、枝條長及葉片數等;蓖麻粕處理增加了植株枝條數及葉片數;蝦蟹殼粉處理促進植株的分枝數及葉片數。另外,各處理降低了番石榴葉片的黃化,萬壽菊粉末及蝦蟹殼粉處理則增加了地上部乾物質累積。 測定四種農業有機土壤添加物對番石榴葉片及根部營養元素含量之影響。萬壽菊粉末處理提高了葉片鉀、磷、鋅、銅元素,根部磷、鉀、鐵、錳、鋅等元素之濃度。蓖麻粕處理增加葉片氮、鈣、鉀、錳、鋅、銅元素,根部氮、鐵、錳元素之濃度。蝦蟹殼粉處理增加葉片氮、鐵、鋅、銅元素,降低根部鉀、錳、鋅元素之濃度。肉桂醛則提升了葉片中鉀元素的濃度。 然而,這些農業有機土壤添加物也改變了植物的生長環境,甚至對番石榴生長有負面影響。進一步測定介質EC值、pH、元素含量,顯示蝦蟹殼粉提高了介質EC值、pH,並減少了介質中的鉀、鐵、錳、鋅等元素含量,對環境及介質的改變最大。另外,施用萬壽菊粉末提高了介質EC值、蓖麻粕降低了介質中鈣及鉀含量,而肉桂醛處理則對介質特性改變最少。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95726
文章公開時間: 2020-08-29
顯示於類別:園藝學系

文件中的檔案:
檔案 大小格式 
nchu-106-7104032116-1.pdf6.26 MBAdobe PDF 請求副本


在 DSpace 系統中的文件,除了特別指名其著作權條款之外,均受到著作權保護,並且保留所有的權利。