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Preparation of Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose-Polyethylene Glycol Hydrogel for Agricultural Application
Controlled release fertilizer
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|摘要:||本研究將羧甲基纖維素鈉（Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, NaCMC）/聚乙二醇二縮水甘油醚（Polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, PEGDE）以不同重量比、反應溫度及時間製備為NaCMC/PEGDE水膠，另以NaCMC為對照組，探討製備條件對NaCMC/PEGDE水膠性質之影響，進一步最佳化材料應用於土壤保水性與肥料控制釋放。本研究分為兩部分，第一部分研究NaCMC/PEGDE水膠之製備及性質，結果顯示NaCMC/PEGDE水膠合成時採NaCMC/PEGDE重量比較低者，其黏度及表面張力較無明顯影響，然TG曲線向高溫側偏移，熱抵抗性較佳，膨潤率降低；而提高反應溫度及延長反應時間製備者之架橋密度較高，其黏度較高、表面張力較小，熱抵抗性亦提高，膨潤率降低且膨潤過程中可維持型態並提供適當機械性質；NaCMC/PEGDE水膠之凝膠分率均高於50%，NaCMC則於試驗過程中即溶解，顯示水膠之網狀結構具耐高溫水之機械性質。保水率試驗顯示，2% NaCMC所製備水膠可明顯增加保水時間。第二部份應用最佳化NaCMC/PEGDE水膠於農業應用，添加水膠可增加砂質土壤7天以上之保水時間；肥料於30 min內則釋放高於NaCMC/PEGDE水膠，NaCMC/PEGDE水膠之肥料包覆率為89.0%，所製備之控釋型肥料有緩釋行為，PEGDE比例越高緩釋越佳；控釋型肥料具pH應答性，酸性環境下（pH 5）之肥料釋放率較慢。|
In this study, NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel were synthesized by reacting NaCMC and PEGDE with different weight ratios, reaction temperature and times, and NaCMC as control. The effect of hydrogel preparation from different reaction preparation condition was investigated. Furthermore, the optimized contidion of hydrogel were applied to water retention of sandy soil and controlled release of fertilizer.The first part of this study is preparation and properties of NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel. The results show that NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel prepared with lower NaCMC/PEGDE weight ratio did not be influenced by viscosity and surface tension. The TG curve shifted to higher temperature side, the thermal resistance was better and swelling ratio was reduced. In addition, the structure density of NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel prepared with higher reaction temperature and longer time was higher. The viscosity was higher but surface tention was lower, the thermal resistance was also improved. The results indicated that swelling ratio of hydrogel was lower, and the network structure could maintain the structure and provide mechanical properties. The gel fraction of all hydrogels were higher than 50%. NaCMC was dissolved during the exam, showing the structure of hydrogel had mechanical properties with hot water. The results of moisture retention indicated the hydrogel prepared from 2% NaCMC could significantly increase the water retention time.The second part was the optimized hydrogel in agricultural applications. 40 g sandy soil mixed with NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel could improve water-retention time of sandy soil for more than 7 days. Fertilizer was higher than NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel in 30 min. The fertilizer efficiency of the hydrogel was 89.0%. The controlled release of fertilizer had slow release behavior, and the group increasing PEGDE content possessed the best. The fertilizer release rate of NaCMC/PEGDE hydrogel in the acidic environment (pH 5) was low.
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