Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/96450
標題: 芥菜移植機之研發
Development of a Transplanter for the Leaf Mustard
作者: 林志翰
Chih-Han Lin
關鍵字: 芥菜
開溝器
蔬菜移植機
mustard
furrow opener
vegetable transplanter
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摘要: 農民於水稻收穫後栽培芥菜,為省下整地成本與機械成本,種植前大多不會整地,該環境具有稻樁、稻稈殘株與緊實土壤之因素,使市面上常見的蔬菜移植機難以在未整地之環境下作業,故目前芥菜種植主要以純人工方式進行。 本研究為解決農業人口老化與人工移植芥菜之問題,針對未整地之農地進行現有蔬菜移植機之改良。本研究安裝之開溝機構的應力分析安全係數設定為2,經由商用軟體ANSYS分析之結果為2.04。 本研究之田間試驗分成試驗一與試驗二,試驗一分成3組,每組有50株芥菜,由於覆土輪的高度太低,導致覆土效果不佳,菜苗嚴重倒伏,可以從數據中得知菜苗倒伏率影響存活率。另外曳引機的行走速度越快則會影響菜苗的倒伏率。試驗二分成5組,芥菜移植的倒伏率最低為6%,移植14天後之存活率最高達98%,平均株距為32.2 - 39.9 cm,而曳引機的行走速度為0.19 m/s,種植1分地(約1000 m2)所需時間約為1.2 hr,其效率為傳統移植的4倍,總種植芥菜數約為2500株。經過本研究開發之芥菜移植機達到省工且省時的效果,且在未整地農地上成功移植芥菜,本研究證實芥菜移植機應用於未整地移植具有可行性。
Mustards are planted after rice harvest in winter, in Taiwan. Because farmers intend to reduce the cost of ploughing and mechanical cost, normally farmers don't plow before planting mustards. The field would have a lot of straw residues and the soil was hard. Thus, most commercially available vegetable transplanters don't work properly. Farmers plant mustards manually in Taiwan up to date. In order to solve problems of aging population and manual planting in agriculture, this research modified the vegetable transplanter for mustard. The structural safety factor was set to 2. The lowest safety factor of the machine was 2.04 after analysis using commercially available software, ANSYS. The experiments in this research were divided into test1 and test2. Three trials were used in the test1. Each trial had 50 mustards. Due to the over depth of the press wheels, the effect of the cover soil was not acceptable. The mustards were lodging severe. The lodging of seedling reduced the survival rate. The higher traveling speed of tractor, the higher lodging of seedling was occurred. Five trials were used in the test2. Each trial had 50 mustards. The transplanter had a minimum lodging rate of 6 %. The maximum survival rate of mustard was 98% after 14 days of transplanting. The result showed an average spacing of 39.2 to 39.9 cm. Planting 1000 m2 took about 1.2 hour at a speed of 0.19 m/s. The number of plants was around 2500. The effectiveness of vegetable transplanter could be four times higher than traditional planting. This research showed that the prototype to transplant mustard on no-till field was possible as well as saved labor and time.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/96450
文章公開時間: 2018-08-17
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系

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