Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/96554
標題: 雞隻青色蛋殼性狀的選育
Selection for Blue Eggshell in Chicken Breed
作者: 林志綱
Chih-Kang Lin
關鍵字: 青殼蛋
雜交育種
產蛋性能
Blue eggshell egg
Crossbreeding
Egg production
引用: 李宗鴻。1988。土雞與白色來航雞及其正反雜交雞產蛋性能與蛋品質之研究。碩士論文。中興大學。台中市。 李淵百、池雙慶、戴謙、羅玲玲、林恩仲。2000。動物育種學解析。國立編譯館。 邱馨玉。2017。應用漸滲雜交導入黑皮性狀於嘉義竹崎雞。碩士論文。中興大學。台中市。 吳國正。2010。台灣土雞不同週齡蛋品質之遺傳參數與蛋殼物理特性之研究。碩士論文。中興大學。台中市。 張勝善。1986。蛋品加工學。華香園出版社。 楊泠泠。1996。台灣種土雞蛋品質之遺傳研究。碩士論文。中興大學。台中市。 蘇家莉。2007。蛋殼顏色、遺傳背景和母雞年齡對雞蛋蛋殼品質性狀之影響。碩士論文。中興大學。台中市。 Bain, M. M. 1992. Eggshell Strength: A Relationship between the Mechanism of Failure and the Ultrastructural Organisation of the Mammillary Layer. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:303-319 Baird, T., S. E. Solomon, and D. R. Tedstone. 1975. Localization and Characterization of Egg-Shell Porphyrins in Several Avian Species. Br. Poult. Sci. 16:201 Bakken, G. S., V. C. Vanderbilt, W. A. Buttemer, and W. R. Dawson. 1978. Avian Eggs - Thermoregulatory value of Very High near-Infrared Reflectance. Science 200:321-323 Bitgood, J. J., R. N. Briles, and W. E. Briles. 2000. Further Tests for Genetic Linkage of Three Orphological Traits, Three Blood Groups, and Break Points of Two Chromosome Translations on Chromosome One in The Chicken. Poult. Sci. 79:293-295. Butcher, G. D., and R. D. Miles. 1995. Factors Causing Poor Pigmentation of Brown-shelled Eggs. Cooperative Extension Service Fact Sheet VM94. Inst. Food and Agric. Sci., Univ. Florida, Gainesville, FL. Cook, J. K. A. 1986. Pale Shelled Eggs Can be Caused by IB Virus. Misset Int. Poult. 2:38-39. Cooke, A. S. 1978. The Action of Sulphanilamide on Shell Deposition. Br. Poult. Sci. 19:267-272 Cunningham, F. E. 1977. Composition of Araucana Eggs. Poult. Sci. 56:463-467 Curtis, P., F. A. Gardner, and D. B. Mellor. 1985. A Comparison of Selected Quality and Compositional Characteristics of Brown and White Shell Eggs: I. Shell Quality. Poult. Sci. 64:297-301 Ernst, R. A., and J. R. Millam, 1987. Review of Life-history Lighting Program for Commercial Laying Fowls. Worlds Poult. Sci. 43:45-55 Gorchein, A., C. K. Lim, and P. Cassey. 2009. Extraction and Analysis of Colourful Eggshell Pigments Using Hplc and Hplc/Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Biomed. Chromatogr. 23:602-606 Gosler, A. G., J. P. Higham, and S. J. Reynolds. 2005. Why Are Birds' Eggs Speckled? Ecol. Lett. 8:1105-1113 Grunder, A. A., R. M. G. Hamilton, R. W. Fairfull, and B. K. Thompson. 1989. Genetic Parameters of Egg Shell Quality Traits and Percentage of Eggs Remaining Intact between Oviposition and Grading1,2. Poult. Sci. 68:46-54 Hagenbuch B and C. Gui. 2008. Xenobiotic Transporters of The Human Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptides (OATP) Family. Xenobiotica 38: 778–801 Haugh, R. R. 1937. The Haugh Unit For Measuring Egg Quality. US Poult. Mag. 43:552-573. Hocking, P. M., M. Bain, C. E. Channing, R. Fleming, and S. Wilson. 2003. Genetic Variation for Egg Production, Egg Quality and Bone Strength in Selected and Traditional Breeds of Laying Fowl. Br. Poult. Sci. 44:365-373 Hooge, D. M. 2007. Bacillus Subtilis Spores Improve Brown Egg Colour. World Poult. 23:14–15. Izat, A. L., F. A. Gardner, and D. B. Mellor. 1986. The Effects of Age of Bird and Season of the Year on Egg Quality. II. Haugh Units and Compositional Attributes. Poult. Sci. 65:726-728 Jacqueline P. J, D. M. Richard, and F. B. Mather. 2006. The Animal Science Department, Cooperative Extensive Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. Jeong, H., K. Kim, K. Caetano-Anolles, H. Kim, B. K. Kim, J. K. Yi, J. J. Ha, S. Cho, and D. Y. Oh. 2016. Whole Genome Sequencing of Gyeongbuk Araucana, a Newly Developed Blue-Egg Laying Chicken Breed, Reveals Its Origin and Genetic Characteristics. Sci. Rep. 6:9 Kennedy, G. Y. and H. G. Vevers. 1973. Eggshell Pigments of Araucano Fowl. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 44:11-25 Kennedy, G. Y., and H. G. Vevers. 1976. Survey of Avian Eggshell Pigments. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B-Biochem. Mol. Biol. 55:117-123 Lahti, D. C. 2008. Population Differentiation and Rapid Evolution of Egg Color in Accordance with Solar Radiation. Auk. 125:796-802 Lang, M. R., and J. W. Wells. 1987. A Review of Eggshell Pigmentation. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 43:238-246 Li, G. Q., C. J. Sun, G. Q. Wu, F. Y. Shi, A. Q. Liu, and N. Yang. 2016. Itraq-Based Quantitative Proteomics Identifies Potential Regulatory Proteins Involved in Chicken Eggshell Brownness. PLoS One 11:18 Liu H. S. and W. T. K. Cheng. 2010. Eggshell Pigmentation: A Review. J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci. 39:75-89 Lukanov, H., and A. G. A. Pavlov. 2015. Egg Quality and Shell Colour Characteristics of Crosses between Araucana and Schijndelaar with Highly Productive White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red Strains. Agric. Sci. Techol. Vol.7, n.3,pp366 - 371 McCartnay, E. 1989. Infectious Bronchitis Update. J. Egg Industry 8:12-16. Morales, J., J. J. Sanz, and J. Moreno. 2006. Egg Colour Reflects the Amount of Yolk Maternal Antibodies and Fledging Success in a Songbird. Biol. Lett. 2:334-336 Nys, Y., J. Gautron, J. M. Garcia-Ruiz, and M. T. Hincke. 2004. Avian Eggshell Mineralization: Biochemical and Functional Characterization of Matrix Proteins. C. R. Palevol 3:549-562 Odabasi, A. Z., R. D. Miles, M. O. Balaban, and K. M. Portier. 2007. Changes in Brown Eggshell Color as the Hen Ages. Poult. Sci. 86:356-363 Popovic M, R. Zaja, and T. Smita. 2010. Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptides (OATP) in Zebrafish (Danio rerio): Phylogenetic Analysis and Tissue Distribution. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 155:327-335. Potts, P. L., and K. W. Washburn. 1974. Shell Evaluation of White and Brown Egg Strains by Deformation, Breaking Strength, Shell Thickness and Specific Gravity1. Relationship to Egg Characteristics. Poult. Sci. 53:1123-1128 Punnett, R. C. 1933. Inheritance of Egg-Colour in the Parasitic Cuckoos. Nature 132:892 Roland, D. A. 1979. Factors Influencing Shell Quality of Aging Hens. Poult. Sci. 58:774-777 Romanoff, A. L. and A. J. Romanoff, 1949. The Avian Egg. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Sacco M. A., D. M. Flannery, K. Howes and K. Venugopal. 2000. Venugopal, Avian Endogenous Retrovirus EAV-HP Shares Regions of Identity with Avian Leukosis Virus Subgroup J and The Avian Retrotransposon ART-CH. J Virol 74: 1296-1306. Sadjadi, M., J. A. Renden, F. H. Benoff, and J. A. Harper. 1983. Effects of the Blue Egg Shell Allele (O) on Egg Quality and Other Economic Traits in the Chicken1. Poult. Sci. 62:1717-1720 Sasaki, O., S. Odawara, H. Takahashi, K. Nirasawa, Y. Oyamada, R. Yamamoto, K. Ishii, Y. Nagamine, H. Takeda, E. Kobayashi, and T. Furukawa. 2004. Genetic Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci Affecting Body Weight, Egg Character and Egg Production in F2 Intercross Chickens. Anim. Genet. 35:188-194 Schwartz, S., B. D. Stephenson, D. H. Sarkar, and M. R. Bracho. 1975. Red, White, and Blue Eggs as Models of Porphyrin and Heme Metabolism. Ann.NY Acad.Sci. 244:570-590 Seo, Y. M., K. S. Shin, A. R. Rhee, Y. S. Chi, J. Han, and I. K. Paik. 2010. Effects of Dietary Fe-Soy Proteinate and Mgo on Egg Production and Quality of Eggshell in Laying Hens. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 23:1043-1048 Sezer, M. 2007. Heritability of Exterior Egg Quality Traits in Japanese Quail. J. Appl. Bio. Sci. 1:37-40 Soler, J. J., J. Moreno, J. M. Aviles, and A. P. Moller. 2005. Blue and Green Egg-Color Intensity Is Associated with Parental Effort and Mating System in Passerines: Support for the Sexual Selection Hypothesis. Evolution 59:636-644 Solomon, S. E., B. O. Hughes, and A. B. Gilbert. 1987. Effect of a Single Injection of Adrenaline on Shell Ultrastructure in a Series of Eggs from Domestic Hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 28:585-588 Somes, J. R. G., P. V. Francis, and J. J. Tlustohowicz. 1977. Protein and Cholesterol Content of Araucana Chicken Eggs1. Poult. Sci. 56:1636-1640 Sujiwo, J., D. Kim, J.-Y. Yoon, H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, S.-K. Lee, and A. Jang. 2017. Physicochemical and Functional Characterization of Blue-Shelled Eggs in Korea. Korean J. Food Sci. Anim. Resour. 37:181-190 Sykes, A. H. 1955. The Effect of Adrenaline on Oviduct Motility and Egg Production in the Fowl. Poult. Sci. 34:622-628 Tamura, T. 1966. Histological Observations on the Quail Oviduct ; on the Secretions in the Mucous Epithelium of the Urerus. Journal of the Faculty of Fisheries and Animal Husbandry, Hiroshima University 6:357-371 Vanbrummelen, R. and S. Bissbort. 1993. Chicken Eggshell Porphyrins and the Glyoxalase Pathway - Its Possible Physiological-Role. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B-Biochem. Mol. Biol. 104:657-662 Wang, X. T., X. M. Deng, C. J. Zhao, J. Y. Li, G. Y. Xu, L. S. Lian, and C. X. Wu. 2007. Study of the Deposition Process of Eggshell Pigments Using an Improved Dissolution Method. Poult. Sci. 86:2236-2238 Wang, X. L., J. X. Zheng, Z. H. Ning, L. J. Qu, G. Y. Xu, and N. Yang. 2009. Laying Performance and Egg Quality of Blue-Shelled Layers as Affected by Different Housing Systems. Poult. Sci. 88:1485-1492 Wang, Z., L. Qu, J. Yao, X. Yang, G. Li, Y. Zhang, J. Li, X. Wang, J. Bai, G. Xu, X. Deng, N. Yang, and C. Wu. 2013. An EAV-HP Insertion in 5′ Flanking Region of SLCO1B3 Causes Blue Eggshell in the Chicken. PLoS Genet. 9:e1003183 Wang, Z., R. F. Liu, and A. Wang. 2013. Comparison of HMOX1 Expression and Enzyme Activity in Blue-shelled Chickens and Brown-shelled Chickens. Genet. Mol. Biol., vol.36, n.2, pp.282-286. Wardecka, B., R. Olszewski, K. Jaszczak, G. Zieba, M. Pierzchała, and K. Wicińska. 2002. Relationship between Microsatellite Marker Alleles on Chromosomes 1-5 Originating from the Rhode Island Red and Green-Legged Partrigenous Breeds and Egg Production and Quality Traits in F2 Mapping Population. J. Appl. Genet. 43:319-329 Wardecka, B., R. Olszewski, K. Jaszczak, G. Zieba, and M. Pierzchala. 2003. Preliminary Mapping of Qtls Affecting Egg Quality on Chromosome 1–5 in Chickens. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 48:97-105 Warren, D. C., and R. M. Conrad. 1942. Time of Pigment Deposition in Brown Shelled Hen Eggs and in Turkey Eggs. Poult. Sci. 21:515-520 Wragg, D., J. M. Mwacharo, J. A. Alcalde, C. Wang, J. L. Han, J. Gongora, D. Gourichon, M. Tixier-Boichard, and O. Hanotte. 2013. Endogenous Retrovirus Eav-Hp Linked to Blue Egg Phenotype in Mapuche Fowl. Plos One 8:9 Zartman, D. L. 1973. Location of the Pea Comb Gene1. Poult. Sci. 52:1455-1462 Zheng, C., Z. Li, N. Yang, and Z. Ning. 2014. Quantitative expression of candidate genes affecting eggshell colour. Anim. Sci. J. 85:506-510.
摘要: 雞蛋蛋殼顏色主要分為白色、棕色以及青色,不同的顏色表現主要取決於基因,會有不同的色素沉積在蛋殼上。白殼蛋基本上沒有色素的沉積;棕色蛋殼主要為原紫質沉積在蛋殼的表層;青色蛋殼則是膽綠素沉積在蛋殼的中層與表層。遺傳上的研究,青色蛋殼與oocyan(青殼基因)的表現有關,古典基因符號為O和o。在基因型為O/O 與 O/o時會呈現青色蛋殼,而o/o則為白色。本試驗宗旨為建立產蛋能力更佳的青殼蛋雞品系,增加青殼蛋的產出。試驗一將原種青殼雞(O/O)與來航雞(o/o)雜交,產出雜合子的子一代(F1);接著以F1自交,產出帶有O/O、O/o與o/o的子二代(F2)族群後,利用分子輔助選拔,選留青殼顯性純合子個體,以此建立有50%來航雞血緣、青殼基因型為O/O的新種青殼雞族群(New),作為新的青殼種親品系。試驗二利用青殼種親(純合子)品系與來航雞雜交,並比較青殼種親品系-原種青殼雞(Ori)、新種青殼雞(New),及與來航雞的雜交品系-原種雜交雞(Ori×WL)、新種雜交雞(New×WL),在生長、產蛋與蛋殼顏色上的差異。原種青殼雞、原種雜交雞、新種青殼雞與新種雜交雞,至40週齡總產蛋數分別為88顆、114顆、105顆與126顆,來航雞血緣較多者產蛋表現更好;40週齡的蛋重分別為50.03g、53.62g、53.45g與55.27g,以來航雞血緣最多的新種雜交雞為最重。蛋殼顏色在四品系中全部呈現青色,顯示青殼基因已成功固定。新種雜交雞蛋殼顏色的白度表現,在初產、30週齡與40週齡時皆顯著高於原種青殼雞,顯示蛋殼顏色有變白的情形;而蛋殼顏色的彩度表現,在新種雜交雞為最低,顯示引進來航雞的血緣越多,有降低蛋殼顏色鮮豔程度的情形。本試驗成功建立一個基因型為青殼顯性純合子(O/O),且產蛋能力更好的青殼種親品系(新種青殼雞)。此新品種純系青殼雞,與來航雞雜交的子代至40週齡總產蛋數,較原種青殼雞與原種雜交雞,改進了約38枚與12枚,且皆能表現青殼性狀。
The eggshell colors of chicken egg include white, brown and blue. Different eggshell color depending on gene, and makes different pigments deposit on eggshell. Brown eggshell is caused by protoporphyrin deposited on the surface of eggshell, while the blue eggshell is caused by biliverdin deposited in the middle layer and on the surface of eggshell. However, the white eggshell basically has no pigment deposited on it. In genetics, blue eggshell color in chicken eggs is related to the expression of oocyan gene, and the symbols of this gene are O and o which represent dominant and recessive. The dominant expression of oocyan will cause blue eggshell, however, the recessive is white eggshell. The purpose of this study is to establish a blue eggshell chicken breed with better egg production ability. In experiment 1, the Ori blue eggshell chicken were crossbreed with white Leghorn achieved the heterozygous(O/o) F1 offspring. Then ,the F1 were inbreeded and the F2 offspring with O/O, O/o and o/o therefore came out. The F2 were fixed to O/O by marker assistant selection, and a blue eggshell strain with 50% white Leghorn blood were established, which called 'New' as a new strain for crossbreeding. In experiment 2, 4 strains of blue eggshell chicken were compared by their growth performance, egg production, and eggshell color condition, include 2 oocyan dominant homozygous(O/O) blue eggshell strains(Ori & New) and their offspring with white Leghorn(Ori×WL & New×WL). The total eggs laid to 40 weeks old among Ori, Ori×WL, New and New×WL are 88, 114, 105 and 126 eggs, and the egg weight at 40 weeks old are 50.03g, 53.62g, 53.45g and 55.27g, the more blood from white Leghorn, the more and larger eggs were laid. Egg color of the four strains all lay blue eggs, shows the oocyan genotype were fixed successfully. The whiteness of eggshell color in New×WL is significantly higher than Ori, shows the eggshell color is more close to white. The chroma of eggshell color is lower in New×WL, shows the more blood from WL will decrease the saturation of eggshell color. This study successfully established a new blue eggshell strain with oocyan dominant homozygous (O/O) and better egg production ability. Their offspring with white Leghorn all perform blue eggshell color, and the total egg number laid to 40 weeks old enhanced about 38 and 12 eggs compare to Ori and Ori×WL.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/96554
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.